Southwestern Ohio

Camp Ammen | Fort Ancient | Anderson's Station (1) | Beasley's Station | Beedle's Station
Fort Black | Fort Brier | Brookville Fort | Bruce's Station | Buchanan's BH | Campbell's Station (3)
James Carpenter's Station | Cincinnati BH (1) | Cincinnati BH (2) | Camp Clark | Camp Clay
Clement's Station | Cleves Stockade | Cleves Station | Coleman's Mill Station | Camp Colerain
Coleraine Station | Columbia Station (1) | Conner's Trade Post | Camp Corwin | Camp Corwine
Covalt's Station | Cribb's Station | Croghan's Trade Post | Cunningham's Station (1) | Daraugh's Station
Dayton BH (1) | Dayton Fort (2) | Deerfield Stockade | Demint's Station | Camp Dennison (1)
Dunlap's Station | Dunn's BH (2) | Dunn's Station (1) | Dutch Station | Dye Stone BH | Enon Fort
Camp Fairgrounds (1) | Fort Finney | Flinn's BH | Flynn's BH | Franklin Stockade (2) | Frazee's Station
Freeman's Station | Gerard's Station | Germantown Stockade | Fort Greene Ville | Gregory's Station
Griffin's Station | Camp Gurley | Camp Hamer | Camp Hamilton | Fort Hamilton | Camp Harrison (2)
Fort Harrison | Hayes' Station | Fort Hill (1) | Hilliard's BH | Camp Hobson's Choice | Hole's Station
Howell's BH | Hunter's BH | Fort Jefferson | Fort at Johnston's Farm | Keen's Station | Kemper's Station
Kings Mills Shot Tower | Kingsbury's BH | Kiser's BH | Knox BH | Fort La Demoiselle | Lebanon Fort
Livingston Stockade | Losantiville Station | Lower Piqua Indian Stockade | Camp Lucas | Luce's BH
Ludlow's Station | McFarland's Station | McHenry's Station | Fort McKinley | Camp McLean
Manchester Station | Camp Maple Swamp | Massie's Station | Mercer's Station | Miami Indian Fort (1)
Miami Fort (3) | Mill Creek BH (1) | Camp Mississinewa | Camp Monroe | Morrell's Station | Mount's Station
Mt. Adams Battery | Nelson's Station | Fort Nesbitt | Norftsinger's BH | North Bend Station
Pan Handle Depot Stockade | Paxton's Station | Peckuwe | Perry's BH | Picawillany Trade Post | Camp Piqua
Fort Piqua | Pleasant Valley Stockade | Pollock Earthworks | Price's Hill Battery | Red Bank Station
Camp Repose | Riddle's Station | Camp Ripley | Rogers' BH | Round Bottom Station | Fort Rowdy
Runyon's Station | Rush's BH | Fort St. Clair | Fort Salem | Camp Shady | Simmons' BH | Sixteen Corner BH
South Bend Station | Springboro Stockade | Springfield Fort | Fort Staunton | Studabaker's BH
Sugar Camp Station | Camp Sulphur Springs | Symmes' Station | Thomas' BH | Camp Tod (3)
Tucker's Stockade | Turkey Bottom BH | Union Village Station | Fort at the Upper Piqua
Upper Piqua Indian Stockade | Van Meter's Fort | Vanvorhee's Stockade | Volunteer BH
Fort Washington | Camp Wayne (1) | Camp Wayne (2) | Whickerham's Station | White's Station
Williams' BH (1) | Wood-Manning Stockade | Workman Earthworks | Xenia BH

Northwestern Ohio - page 1 | Southeastern Ohio - page 3
Northeastern Ohio - page 4 | Greater Toledo Area - page 5

Last Update: 24/APRIL/2013
Compiled by Pete Payette - ©2013 American Forts Network

Springfield Fort
(1812), Springfield
A local militia defense.

Camp Clark
(1861), Springfield
A Civil War training camp located at the old county fairgrounds. Also known as Camp Fairgrounds (1).

(1779), near Springfield
A Shawnee Indian stockaded settlement, located on the Mad River west of town. Attacked and destroyed by American Patriot forces under George Rogers Clark in August 1780 (Battle of Peckuwe).

Enon Fort
(1812), Enon
A local militia defense.

(1748 - 1750's), near Lockington
Located upriver to the north of Piqua was the French Fort at the Upper Piqua (1752 - unknown), which was built over the burned fortified British trading post (George Croghan's Trading Post) (1748 - 1752) at the Miami Indian village, sometimes referred to as Picawillany Trading Post. The French fort was also known as Fort La Demoiselle by the British, named after La Demoiselle, the chief of the Miami Confederacy. The French under Capt. Pierre-Joseph Céloron tried to evict Croghan and his traders in 1749, but were unsuccessful.

The Shawnee Indian village of Upper Piqua was not fortified until 1780.

Fort Piqua
(Piqua Historical Area State Memorial)
(1794 - 1795, 1812 - 1815), near Piqua
A stockaded U.S. Army supply post with a blockhouse. Earthworks still remain and the current blockhouse is a reconstruction. The original blockhouse was not in use during the War of 1812. Another blockhouse was built nearby in 1812, which was known as Fort at (John) Johnston's Farm. Johnston was the Indian agent at Lower Piqua during the war.

The Shawnee Indian village of Lower Piqua was fortified in 1780. Attacked by American Patriot forces under George Rogers Clark in November 1782 (Battle of Piqua).

Camp Piqua
(1862), near Piqua
A Civil War training camp. Site located northwest of town along OH 66.

Fort Staunton
(1812 - unknown), Staunton
A settlers' or local militia blockhouse.

Camp Dave Tod (3)
(1861 - 1862), Troy
A Civil War training camp.

Fort Rowdy (1)
(1793 - 1794), Covington
A U.S Army outpost named for the unruly garrison here during the winter months.

Capt. George Buchanan's Blockhouse
(1812), Covington
A local militia stockaded blockhouse at or near the site of Fort Rowdy. Sometimes also referred to as Fort Rowdy (2).

Camp Mississinewa
(1791), near Lightsville
A temporary encampment used during General St. Clair's campaign. Stone monument located on the east side of OH 49 near the Mississinewa River bridge.

Camp Sulphur Springs
(1791), near Elroy
A temporary encampment used during General St. Clair's campaign. Stone monument located on the west side of OH 49 about 0.7 mile south of OH 47.

Fort Greene Ville
(1793 - 1796, 1812), Greenville
This was an extensive work covering 50 acres. There were four blockhouses in the center of each wall. There were several rows of log huts, and storehouses, magazines, and Officers' quarters. Eight log redoubts were built outside the fort, each with a small blockhouse. The stockade fort was abandoned and burned. The 1795 Treaty of Fort Greenville was signed here, ending Washington's Indian War. Rebuilt and reused during the War of 1812. Of interest in town at 205 North Broadway is the Garst Museum, with period exhibits.

Camp Wayne (2) (1812) was also located in the vicinity.

Camp Wayne (1)
(1793), Darke County
An American military encampment, undetermined location.

Fort Jefferson (State Memorial)
(1791, 1793 - 1796), Fort Jefferson
A square palisade with two blockhouses, built during General St. Clair's campaign. Used as a supply depot by General Wayne in 1793. Excavations in the 1930's revealed the powder magazine foundation and two tunnels.

Fort Black
(1813 - 1815), New Madison
A local militia log blockhouse built to protect the area settlers. The town, originally named Madison until 1831, was founded in 1817.

Camp Maple Swamp
(1791), near Castine
A temporary encampment used during General St. Clair's campaign. Stone monument located on the west side of US 127.

Fort Nesbitt
(1813 - 1815), Braffetsville
A local militia stockaded blockhouse, built by Capt. James Nesbitt, used as a supply depot.

Fort Brier
(1812), Darke County
A local militia blockhouse. Undetermined location.

Fort St. Clair (Monument)
(1791 - 1796), Eaton
A 120-foot square supply depot built by troops under General Wilkinson. 250 Indians unsuccessfully attacked the fort in November 1792 and only six defenders were killed.

Knox Blockhouse
(1794), Preble County
An American military blockhouse. Undetermined location.

Brookville Fort
(1813), Brookville
A local militia blockhouse. Site may be possibly located west of town across the Preble County line.

Fort McKinley
(unknown dates), Fort McKinley
No data.

Dayton Fort (2)
(1812), Dayton
A local militia defense.

Camp Corwin
(1861), Dayton
A Civil War training camp located on a hill two and one-half miles east of downtown.

Pollock Earthworks
(Indian Mound Reserve)
(100 BC - 500 AD), Cedarville
A 12-acre Hopewell Indian hilltop enclosure above 15-30-foot high cliffs along Massie Creek.

Lebanon Fort
(1812), Lebanon
A local militia defense.

Fort Ancient (State Memorial)
(100 BC - 500 AD, 1000 - 1650), Washington Township, Warren County
Hopewell Indian, and later Fort Ancient Indian Culture mounds, located on the Miami River east of Lebanon.

Fort Hamilton (Monument)
(1791, 1793 - 1796 or 1797), Hamilton
Originally an outpost of Fort Washington, built during General St. Clair's campaign. It was a double-palisaded ditched work with two blockhouses, log barracks, and timber-frame Officers' quarters. It was later dismantled. The settlement was named for the fort in 1803. The magazine was used as the county jail from 1803 to 1809. The Officers' quarters were converted into a tavern. The Butler County Soldiers, Sailors, and Pioneers Monument museum is now on or very near the actual site, at 1 South Monument Ave..

Camp Hamilton
(1861 - 1865), Hamilton
A Civil War training camp located at the county fairgrounds.

Camp Colerain
(1861), near Dunlap
A Civil War training camp located about 11 miles from Cincinnati on the Colerain Pike. This was previously the site of a Methodist Church camp.

Fort Harrison
(unknown dates), Harrison
No data.

Miami Indian Fort (1)
(Shawnee Lookout County Park)
(1 AD - 700), near Finney
A 12-acre Hopewell Indian hilltop enclosure with earthen walls 1-12 feet high, reinforced with stone retaining walls. It is 300 feet above the Great Miami River, near the Ohio River.

Fort Finney
(1785 - 1788), near Finney
A Federal fort located at the mouth of the Great Miami River, built to enforce the Treaty of Fort McIntosh that was signed by several Indian tribes at Fort McIntosh, PA in January 1785. The Treaty of Fort Finney was signed in January 1786. The fort was abandoned for Fort Finney, Indiana. Site marked at the entrance to the Cincinnati Gas and Electric Miami Fort Power Plant on Brower Road.

Volunteer Blockhouse
(1789), North Bend
A local militia blockhouse.

Cincinnati Blockhouse (1)
(1778 - 1780), Cincinnati
A British post was here during the American Revolution. It was captured and later destroyed by George Rogers Clark and the VA militia.

Kingsbury's Blockhouse
(1789), Hamilton County
A local militia blockhouse. Undetermined location.

Fort Washington
(1790 - 1804), Cincinnati
A 480-foot square Federal fort, with five blockhouses. This fort was later destroyed. It was once the headquarters for Generals Harmar, St. Clair, and Wayne. A single blockhouse was previously at this site in 1789. Replaced by Newport Barracks across the river in Kentucky. The powder magazine was uncovered in the 1950's. A monument is located at 3rd Street and Sycamore Street. Exhibits of the fort are also located at the Cincinnati Museum Center at 1301 Western Ave..

Camp Hobson's Choice (1793), used for Fort Washington's troop overflow, was located near Griffin's Station on the east-side of the mouth of Mill Creek.

Cincinnati Civil War Camps and Defenses
(1861 - 1865), Cincinnati area
Camp Clay (1861), located across from Newport, KY, in what was then called Pendleton. Used for the recruitment of Kentucky troops while that state was still neutral.
Camp Gurley (1861), Cumminsville.
Camp Monroe, undetermined location.
Camp John McLean (1861 - 1862), Wyoming. Site now Camp McLean Memorial Park between Bonham Road and Rolling Hills Drive.
Camp Harrison (2), located at the old Cincinnati Trotting Park, six miles north of town along the Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton Railroad.
Camp Dick Corwine (1861 - 1864), a fortified camp located along present-day Fort View Place on the waterfront.

Mount Adams Battery (1862 - 1864), located near or a part of Camp Corwine, along Fort View Place.
Price's Hill Battery (1862 - 1864), located west of Mill Creek past the railroad, facing the Ohio River across from Ludlow, KY.
See also 1862 Siege of Cincinnati from Ohio History
(See also KENTUCKY for Civil War Defenses of Cincinnati.)

Camp Dennison (1)
(1861 - 1865), Camp Dennison
The largest training camp in Ohio during the Civil War, used for infantry, cavalry, and artillery units. The Christian Waldschmidt House (1804) on Milford Road was the camp headquarters. It is currently the Camp Dennison Civil War Museum. In 1863 troops currently undergoing training helped defend the Little Miami Railroad and Cincinnati from Confederate General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders. Morgan's men captured and destroyed a supply train but failed to destroy an important railroad bridge across the Little Miami River. The name of the town was originally New Germany until shortly after the war. See also History of Indian Hill from the Indian Hill Historical Society

Camp Repose
(1862 - 1865), Mount Repose
A Civil War training camp. Also called Camp Shady.

Camp Lucas
(1861), Olive Branch
A Civil War training camp located at the old county fairgrounds.

Kings Mills Shot Tower
(1917 - 1944), near Kings Mills
A 220-foot tall facility built by the Peters Cartridge Company on the south bank of the Little Miami River. It replaced an earlier shot tower built in the 1860's. The old ordnance plant is now vacant, but still private property. This is one of only seven shot towers still remaining in the country (the others are located at Philadelphia, PA, Baltimore, MD, Wytheville, VA, Columbus, OH, Spring Green, WI, and Dubuque, IA). Photos and info from

Fort Salem
(50 BC - 500 AD), Salem Township, Highland County
A Hopewell Indian circular enclosure about 450 feet in diameter surrounding a conjoined mound. Also known as the Workman Earthworks. The 19-acre site along White Oak Creek at 4206 Certier Road was purchased by the Archaeological Conservancy in 2005. Well-preserved, never excavated, open to the public as a day-use park.

Camp Ammen
(1861 - 1864), Ripley
A Civil War training camp at the Ripley Fairgrounds. Also known as Camp Ripley. History and artifacts are at the Ripley Museum at 219 North Second Street (admission fee).

Camp Hamer
(1861 - 1862), West Union
A Civil War training and recruitment camp at the county fairgrounds. The county courthouse was used as the camp hospital.

Fort Hill (1) (State Memorial)
(100 BC - 500 AD), near Lincolnville
Hopewell Indian mounds.

Early Pioneer Settlement Forts of Ohio

Adams County:
Nathaniel Massie's Station (1791 - 1803 ?), Manchester. A stockaded settlement with four blockhouses. It was later renamed Manchester Station. This was the fourth permanent settlement of Ohio.

Butler County:
Bruce's Station (1793), undetermined location.
Campbell's Station (3) (1783), undetermined location.
Freeman's Station (1792), undetermined location.
Gregory's Station (1791), undetermined location.
Morrell's Station (1795), Excello.

Clark County:
Demint's Station (1799), undetermined location.
Riddle's Station (1792), Brighton.

Clermont County:
Paxton's Station (1795), undetermined location.
Wood's and Manning's Stockade (1796), Washington Township.

Clinton County:
Van Meter's Fort (1777), undetermined location. A stockaded settlement.

Darke County:
Conner's Trading Post (1812), undetermined location.
Andrew Norftsinger's Blockhouse (1810), undetermined location.
Rush's Blockhouse (1812), located south of Greenville.
Studabaker's Blockhouse (1812), undetermined location.

Greene County:
Xenia Blockhouse (1797), Xenia.

Hamilton County:
Anderson's Station (1) (1790), Andersons Ferry.
Beasley's Station (1792), undetermined location.
James Carpenter's Station (1793), undetermined location.
Cincinnati Blockhouse (2) (1784), Cincinnati.
Clement's Station (1789), Terrace Park. Also known as Round Bottom Station.
Cleves Stockade (1789), Cleves. (same as below ?)
Cleves Station (1790), Cleves. A blockhouse was later built for added protection.
Coleman's Mill Station (1791), undetermined location.
Columbia Station (1) (1788), near the mouth of the Little Miami River. Built by Benjamin Stites. Completely flooded in January 1789.
Abram Covalt's Station (1790), Newtown or Bethany Town. A 20-man detachment from Fort Washington was garrisoned here in 1791.
Cunningham's Station (1) (1790), undetermined location.
Daraugh's Station (1792), undetermined location.
John Dunlap's Station (1790), Dunlap. Also known as Coleraine Station. Held off an Indian attack in December 1790.
Dunn's Blockhouse (2) (1793), undetermined location.
Dunn's Station (1) (1793), undetermined location.
William Flinn's Blockhouse (1785 ?), Linwood at Turkey Bottom on the road between Miami Fort (5) and Whickerham's Station. Stockaded in 1791. Also spelled Flynn.
Frazee's Station (1793), undetermined location.
William Gerard's Station (1790 - 1820's), near Terrace Park, on the east bank of the Little Miami River. The main house was later rebuilt with stone, and had served as a private residence until 1902.
David Griffin's Station (1792), near Carthage, located near or in Caldwell Park on the east bank of Mill Creek.
Hayes' Station (1791), undetermined location.
Howell's Blockhouse (1790), undetermined location. A hexagonal blockhouse.
Keen's Station (1795), undetermined location.
Kemper's Station (1793), undetermined location.
Losantiville Station (1788 - 1795 ?), Cincinnati, located at the present-day site of the Great American Ball Park's main parking lot. Built by Daniel, John, William, and Zachariah Hole, all brothers. The brothers later relocated to Miamisburg after 1795.
Luce's Blockhouse (1789), North Bend.
Israel Ludlow's Station (1790), Cumminsville. Located on the west bank of Mill Creek, it was an important post on the military road connecting Forts Hamilton and Washington. It was used in General St. Clair's failed campaign of 1791. Monument located at Knowlton and Mad Anthony Streets.
McFarland's Station (1794), Pleasant Ridge area of Cincinnati.
McHenry's Station (1790), Cumminsville.
Mercer's Station (1792), Newtown.
Miami Fort (3) (1788), a settlers' stockade located on the Little Miami River above Columbia Station (1).
Mill Creek Blockhouse (1) (1790), Cumminsville. (same as Ludlow's Station listed above ?)
Nelson's Station (1792), Madisonville.
North Bend Station (1789), North Bend.
Pleasant Valley Stockade (1794), Woodlawn.
Red Bank Station (1791), Madisonville.
Runyon's Station (1792), north of Sharonville.
Sixteen Corner Blockhouse (1790), undetermined location.
South Bend Station (1790), located between North Bend and Andersons Ferry.
Sugar Camp Station (1789), Shawnee Lookout.
John Symmes' Station (1789), North Bend.
Tucker's Stockade (1792), Woodlawn.
Turkey Bottom Blockhouse (1791), Linwood. (same as Flinn's Blockhouse listed above ?)
Vanvorhee's Stockade (1794), Reading.
Whickerham's Station (1790), Mt. Washington.
Capt. Jacob White's Station (1789), Carthage, a stockade built on an old Indian trail that led to the mouth of the Little Miami River. Attacked by Indians in August 1793, but held.

Miami County:
Dutch Station (1798 - 1800 ?), near Staunton ?. Built by John Knoop.
Dye Stone Blockhouse (1812), Troy. Built by John Minor. Located on South Children's Home Road.
Hilliard's Blockhouse (1812), Spring Creek Township. Used as a barn after the war.
Hunter's Blockhouse (1812), undetermined location.
Kiser's Blockhouse (1812), Brown Township.
Livingston Stockade (1799), near Tipp City.
Pan Handle Depot Stockade (1794), Covington.
Perry's Blockhouse (1812), Turk's Hill.
Rogers' Blockhouse (1812), undetermined location.
John Simmons' Blockhouse (1812), Brown Township ?. Not a true blockhouse but simply a log cabin.
Thomas' Blockhouse (1812), undetermined location.
Williams' Blockhouse (1) (1812), undetermined location.

Montgomery County:
Cribb's Station (1799), undetermined location.
Dayton Blockhouse (1) (1796), Dayton.
Germantown Stockade (1812), Germantown.
Hole's Station (1795 - 1800's), Miamisburg. Built by the Hole brothers (see Losantiville Station listed above). Later became the Gebhart's Tavern in the 1800's. (thanks to Michael Fromholt for location)

Warren County:
William Beedle's Station (1795), Beedles Station.
Deerfield Stockade (1796), Deerfield Township.
Franklin Stockade (2) (1796), Franklin.
William Mount's Station (1795), Stubbs Mills, on the south bank of the Little Miami River.
Springboro Stockade (1796), Springboro.
Union Village Station (1795), near Monroe.

NEED MORE INFO: Fort Harrison in Harrison in Hamilton County.
Towns: Fort McKinley just northwest of Dayton.

Special thanks to Jim Geisler and Willis Thomas for providing info on most of the early blockhouses, trading posts, and pioneer settlement forts of Ohio.

Northwestern Ohio - page 1 | Southeastern Ohio - page 3 | Northeastern Ohio - page 4
Greater Toledo Area - page 5

QUESTIONS ? Please send any corrections and/or additions to this list to:
Updates @


Eastern Forts