American Forts: West


Acton Post | Fort Adams | Fort Alexandria | Amelia Lake Post | Anoka Fort | Camp Averill
Camp Baker | B. Baker's Post (1) | Fort Beauharnois | Camp Beaver Creek | Camp Belle Plain
Belmont Fort | Post at the Bend of the Des Moines River | Camp Big Cottonwood
Birch Coulee Post | Bird Island Post | Blue Earth Fort | Fort Bon Secours | Fort Britt
Broker's Blockhouse | Brownton Fort | Buck Stockade | Buffalo Fort | Buffalo Creek Post
Buffalo Lake Post | Camp/Fort Burns | Cannon River Posts | Fort Chanyaska
Chippewa Station Post | Clearwater Fort | Camp Coldwater | Cottonwood River Post | Fort Cox
Camp Crisp | Camp Crooks | Fort Des Moines | Dickson's Post (1) | Dickson's Post (2)
Elk River Post | Excelsior Stockade | Fair Haven Fort | Fairmont Post | A. Faribault's Post
D. Faribault's Post | O. Faribault's Post | Folsom's Fort | Forest City Stockade
Garden City Fort | Gerry's Fort | Glencoe Fort | Camp/Fort Goodhue | Great Oasis Post
Fort Greene | Green Lake Fort | Greenleaf Fort | Greenwood Fort | Grey Cloud Island Posts
Fort Hanska | Harriman's Fort | Post at the Head of the Little Cottonwood River
Henderson Fort | Heron Lakes Fort | Holes' Fort | Hudson's Post | Fort l'Huillier
Hutchinson Fort | Fort la Jonquière | Jorgenson's Stockade | Camp Joslin | Judson Post
Kandiyohi Lakes Post | Kingston Fort | Lake Addie Fort | Lake George | Lake Johanna Post
Lake Talcot Post | Lake Traverse Post | Camp Lake View | Land's End Post
Cantonment Leavenworth | Leavenworth Fort | Fort Le Sueur (1) | Fort Le Sueur (2)
Fort Le Sueur (3) | Le Sueur Fort (4) | Fort Lewis | Camp Lincoln | Little Rapids Post
Little Spirit Lake Fort | Camp Livingstone | Long Lake Post | Lynd's Post | McLeod's Post (1)
McLeod's Post (2) | McNutt's Fort | Camp McPhaill | Maine Prairie Fort | Manannah Post
Mankato Fort | Maple Lake Fort | Fort Marin | Camp Marsh | Martin Lake Fort
Marysburg Fort | Milford Post | Camp Miller | Monticello Fort | Mooers' Post (1)
Camp Mueller | Cantonment New Hope | New Sweden Stockade | Camp at New Ulm
New Ulm Fort | Norway Lake Post | Post at the Old Crossing | Oliver's Grove Post
Otter Tail Crossing Post | Patterson's Post | Fort Paynesville | Fort Perrot | Pipe Lake Fort
Fort Pipestone | Pomme de Terre Post | Camp Pope | Preston Lake Post | Camp Ramsey (1)
Camp Ramsey (2) | C. Read's Post | Read's Landing Posts | Reed's Fort | Camp Release
Fort Renville | Richmond Fort | Fort Ridgely | Robinson's Fort | Rockford Fort
Rocque's Post (1) | Rocque's Post (2) | Fort Rush | Fort St. Anthony | St. Cloud Forts
St. Joseph Forts | Fort St. Peter's (1) | St. Peter Post (2) | Sacred Heart Post | Sauk Centre Fort
Shakopee Fort | Fort de les Sioux | Fort Skedaddle | Sleepy Eye Fort | I. Slocum's Fort (1)
Fort Slocum (2) | Camp Snelling | Fort Snelling | South Bend Fort | Camp Steele
Three Lakes Post | Two Lakes | Fort Union | Camp Van Duzee | Fort Vert | Fort Washington
Watertown Fort | Watonwan Post | Well's Post | Camp Wilken | Williams' Fort
Post at Winnebago Agency | Winnebago City Fort | Wood's Post | Camp Yellow Medicine

Northern Minnesota - page 2

Last Update: 21/JUNE/2016
Compiled by Pete Payette - ©2016 American Forts Network

Fort Le Sueur (3)
(1755), near La Crescent
A French fort.

Fort Perrot
(1683 - 1687, 1689 - unknown), Read's Landing
A log fort built by Nicolas Perrot. Briefly abandoned due to Indian hostilities. Named Fort Bon Secours on a 1700 French map. Erroneously named Fort Le Sueur (2) on a 1703 French map, in reference to Fort Le Sueur (1) at Prairie Island.

Read's Landing Trading Posts
(1810 - 1860), Read's Landing
Site of several trading posts, including Augustin Rocque's (Sr.) Post (1) (1810 - 1830), Augustin Rocque's (Jr.) Post (2) (1835 - 1860), Edward Hudson's Post (1840 - 1845), Charles Read's Post (1847 - unknown), and several others from 1840 - 1860.

Camp Lake View
(1884 - 1930 ?), near Lake City
A MN National Guard summer training camp. Replaced by Camp Ripley.

Fort Beauharnois
(Frontenac State Park)
(1727 - 1728, 1732 - 1737, 1750 - 1756), Frontenac
A French 100-foot square palisaded fort, probably located on Sandy Point. Abandoned due to Sioux hostility, it was rebuilt four years later on higher ground. Also known as Fort de les Sioux. Probably abandoned again in 1737. Rebuilt again in 1750 and renamed Fort la Jonquière. It was abandoned a final time in 1756 to send the troops east to fight the British.

Fort Marin was a small French outpost located just to the east in 1750.

Wells' Trading Post
(1839), Frontenac
A trading post, possibly operated by the American Fur Co., located on "Point des Sables". The American Fur Co. did have a post here earlier in 1830 (name undetermined).

Fort Le Sueur (1)
(1694), Prairie Island
A French trading post on "Isle Pelée" (Bald Island), built by Pierre Charles Le Sueur.

Oliver's Grove Post
(1832 - 1834), Hastings
An independent trading post operated by Joseph Brown. Site located at 2nd and Vermillion Streets. The town was originally named Oliver's Grove, after U.S. Army Lt. William Oliver, who had a wintering supply camp here in 1819-20 when the river froze. Brown was also present then.

Grey Cloud Island Posts
(1836 - 1839), Grey Cloud Island
Several trading posts were established here.

Camp Ramsey (2)
(1898), St. Paul
A Spanish-American War muster-in camp for state troops, located at the State Fairgrounds west of Snelling Ave. and north of the railroad. After an outbreak of typhoid fever, several companies moved to Camp Snelling on the Fort Snelling Reservation.

Camp Van Duzee
(1898), St. Paul
A Spanish-American War muster-out camp. Site located at University and Hamline Aves., across the railyard from Camp Ramsey (2).

Fort Snelling (State Park)
(Friends of Fort Snelling)
(Fort Snelling Upper Post)
(Mississippi National River and Recreation Area - NPS)
(1819 - 1857, 1861 - 1879/1946), St. Paul FORT WIKI
It was known as Cantonment New Hope and Cantonment Leavenworth until 1820, originally located on the south-side of the Minnesota River. Flooding forced the rebuilding on a new site across the river, called Camp Coldwater, about a mile and one-half from the site of the permanent fort, started in 1820. Known as Fort St. Anthony or Fort St. Peter's (1) until 1825 when renamed. The St. Peter's Indian Agency was established here in 1819. The fort was abandoned in 1857, but reactivated in 1861 as a state training center during the Civil War. Federal troops returned in 1866, making the post the headquarters of the vast Military Department of Dakota. New barracks were constructed in 1879 and in 1889 while the old post was mostly dismantled. In 1898 a quarantine camp (Camp Snelling) was established on the military reservation at the rifle range west of the fort, and also at a site about two miles north of the fort, after typhoid fever broke out at Camp Ramsey. The new "Upper Post" was fully developed by 1903-07. The upper post was used as a Regular Army mobilization and training center during the two World Wars. Transferred to the V.A. Hospital system after the war. Four of the original sixteen buildings of the historic post still stand, including the stone Round Tower; eleven others have been rebuilt around the old parade ground. Reconstructed beginning in 1969. Admission fee. The Minnesota Historical Society Museum is here.
See also History of the Upper Post from NPS || Fort Snelling: Breaking the Code from NPS
Historic Fort Snelling from Minnesota Treasures

Benjamin Baker's Post (1) (1820's) was located at the Coldwater site. It was a stone house that was used as a school beginning in 1837 by the Fort Snelling children. It later became the St. Louis House Hotel (aka Mackenzie Hotel), then burned down in 1859. Located east of the fort was an American Fur Co. post (date ?). Located south of the fort was a Columbia Fur Co. post (date ?). The Spanish had proposed a fort here in 1791 to halt British trade west, but was never built. The Minnesota River was originally known as the St. Peter's River.

Land's End Post
(1831), Minneapolis
A trading post located on the Minnesota River one mile upriver from Fort Snelling.

David Faribault's Post
(1846), Elk River
A fur trading post established by David Faribault, son of Jean Baptiste Faribault. Also known as Elk River Post.

Robert Dickson's Post (2)
(1805 - 1806), near St. Cloud
An independent fur trade post located just south of town along the Mississippi River.

Oliver Faribault's Trading Post
(The Landing - Minnesota River Heritage Park)
(1844 - unknown), Shakopee
A log cabin trading post reconstructed (1970's) at Historic Murphy's Village (renamed "The Landing" and under new ownership in 2002).

Fort Lewis
(1824 or 1826), near Chaska
An American Fur Co. trading post located at the "Little Rapids" of the Minnesota (St. Peter's) River, established and operated by Jean Baptiste Faribault, father to Oliver, David, and Alexander. Marker on Chaska Blvd. just west of town. Marker denotes 1824 date.

The North West Company earlier operated Little Rapids Post (1804), located just south of Carver. Jean Faribault was here at that time as a trader for the Nor'westers.

Cannon River Posts
(1826 - unknown), Rice and Le Sueur Counties
Several American Fur Co. posts were established by Alexander Faribault at the "Bois Plumé" (Bois Plaine) on the Cannon River, located at the present-day sites of Faribault (1834), Morristown, and Waterville, as well as on the northern shore of Cannon Lake, opposite Warsaw.

Martin McLeod's Post (1)
(1840), near St. Peter
A fur trade post located across the Minnesota River from Traverse.

Fort Union
(Nicollet County Historical Society)
(1826 - 1840's), Traverse
A Columbia Fur Co. post, later an American Fur Co. post. The town was originally Traverse des Sioux.

Fort l'Huillier
(1700 - 1702), Mankato
A French post established by Pierre Charles Le Sueur for trading and mining copper. Also known as Fort Vert. Abandoned due to Indian hostility. The presumed site is located on a 70-foot high natural mound at the Minnesota and Blue Earth Rivers, now farmland. No trace exists of the fort. A marker is located on MN 66 just south of town.

Blue Earth County Forts
(1857), various locations
During March and April 1857 several settlements in the area were crudely and hastily fortified against Indian attack after the so-called "Inkpadutah Masacre" in March. These included:
McNutt's Fort, at the McNutt's Mill across the Minnesota River from Judson;
John Williams' Fort, at South Bend;
W.R. Robinson's Fort, at Crystal Lake;
Folsom's Fort, on the north side of Garden City;
Edson Gerry's Fort, at Garden City on the south side of the Watonwan River;
Reed's Fort, at Vernon Center;
Isaac Slocum's Fort (1), on the Watonwan River in Lincoln Township, southeast of Madelia and about ten miles southwest of Crystal Lake. Slocum's stockade included his three-story log cabin, blacksmith shop, granary, and several barns for the use of the local militia's storage of supplies and munitions. This was probably the largest and most important of the local defenses at the time.

Some of these may have still been in use during the 1862-63 Dakota War.

Cottonwood River Post
(1826 - unknown), near New Ulm
A trading post located at the mouth of the Cottonwood River (Rivière aux Liards).

Camp Mueller
(1898), New Ulm
A Spanish-American War muster-out camp located at the county fairgrounds in the northwest part of town.

Fort Ridgely (State Park)
(Nicollet County Historical Society)
(1853 - 1867), near Fairfax FORT WIKI
Mostly ruins of 17 building sites, with a reconstructed commissary that now serves as the museum and visitor center. An original log powder magazine was returned and restored in the 1930's after use as a local farm building. The MN Historical Society erected a tall granite monument here in 1896. The site became a state memorial in 1911. Located at the mouth of the Rock River, this was the main Federal post associated with the 1862-63 Dakota War, originally built to patrol the newly established Sioux Indian Reservation. It was attacked twice in August 1862. Admission fee.

Camp Beaver Creek
(1860, 1863 ?), near Morton
A temporary Army camp located 16 miles northwest of Fort Ridgely. Possibly used again in 1863.

Wood's Trading Post
(1856 - 1857), Jackson
A civilian post (single log cabin) operated by brothers Charles, William, and George Wood. Indians attacked the settlement (originally named Springfield) in 1857, killing Charles and William. The settlement was then abandoned for several years.

Lake Talcot Post
(1835), Talcot Lake
An American Fur Co. post.

Great Oasis Post
(1837), Lowville Township, Murray County
An American Fur Co. post operated by Joseph LaFramboise, located at the "Grande Lisière", overlooking Tibbetts Lake. Abandoned in the fall of 1837, it was burned down in 1838 by Indians. Remnants of the log stockade were reported to still stand in 1866 when the land was settled by brothers John and Bartlett Low.

James Lynd's Post
(1855 - 1857), Lynd
A fur trade post on the Redwood River.

Sacred Heart Post
(1783), near Sacred Heart
A trading post established by Charles Patterson at Patterson's Rapids on the Minnesota River. Also known as Charles Patterson's Post. The Sioux gave him the nickname "Sacred Hat" for the bearskin hat that he wore. The name was later corrupted.

Camp Yellow Medicine
(Upper Sioux Agency State Park)
(1863), near Granite Falls
An Army encampment on Yellow Medicine Creek at the Yellow Medicine Indian Agency, aka Upper Sioux Indian Agency.

Camp Livingstone (1860) was located just west of the Agency. Also previously here was Camp Belle Plain in 1857.

Camp Release
(State Historical Monument)
(1863 - 1864), near Montevideo
A detention camp for suspected Sioux (Dakota) Indians that participated in the 1862 Uprising. The Sioux had agreed to release 270 of their captives here in September 1862 after the initial thrust of the war, hence the name. A monument (1894) is in the small wayside park on US 212.

Fort (Joseph) Renville
(Lac qui Parle State Park)
(1826 - 1851), Lac qui Parle
An independent fur post, mission and Chippewa dwellings. Renville died in 1846, and the Dakota Indians forced the abandonment of the mission soon after. The Lac qui Parle Mission still exists.

Fort Adams
(1826 - unknown), Lac qui Parle
A Columbia Fur Co. trading post.

Fort Greene
(1826), undetermined location
An American Fur Co. post located on the "River au Gris of the St. Peters", below Big Stone Lake.

Hazen Mooers' Post (1)
(1823 - unknown), near Ortonville
A trading post located on the east bank of Big Stone Lake.

Also located on Big Stone Lake was Martin McLeod's Post (2) (1843 - 1846).

Robert Dickson's Post (1)
(1800), Lake Traverse
An independent fur trade post.

Fort Washington
(1823 - unknown), Lake Traverse
A Columbia Fur Co. trading post. Taken over by the American Fur Co. in 1827.

Lake Traverse Post
(1824 - 1826), Lake Traverse
An American Fur Co. trading post in competition with Fort Washington.

For other Lake Traverse and Big Stone Lake posts see also SOUTH DAKOTA page.

Dakota War (Sioux Uprising) Defenses
(1862 - 1864), various locations
(see also IOWA page, and Northern MN page)

Pipestone County:
Fort Pipestone (1863), Pipestone, a reconstructed civilian stockade located at 104 9th Street NE.. Attacked on September 3, 1863. Garrisoned 10 days later by MN Volunteers, possibly from Capt. Whitney's expedition from New Ulm to Fort Lookout, South Dakota.

Cottonwood County:
Post at the Bend of the Des Moines River (1863 ? - 1865), a military detachment post located on the Des Moines River west of Windom.
Post at the Head of the Little Cottonwood River (1863 ? - 1865), a military detachment post located on the Little Cottonwood River east of Jeffers.

Jackson County:
Heron Lakes Fort (1862 - 1865), a civilian blockhouse located on the east side of Heron Lake, south of Wilder.
Belmont Fort (1862 - 1865), Jackson, a reconstructed civilian fort. See also Fort Belmont from Jackson Area Chamber of Commerce
Fort Des Moines, near Petersburg, a civilian blockhouse located along the Des Moines River.
Little Spirit Lake Fort (1862 - 1865), a civilian blockhouse located at Little Spirit Lake.

Martin County:
Fairmont Post (1863), Fairmont, possibly a civilian defense initially, garrisoned by the military after June 1863.
Martin Lake Fort, near Northrop, a military fort.
Fort Chanyaska (1863), near Trimont, a military fort. A detachment of MN Volunteers was posted here in June 1863.
Fort Britt, at Iowa Lake, a civilian defense or a military fort.

Faribault County:
Blue Earth Fort, Blue Earth, a military fort.
Winnebago City Fort, Winnebago, a military fort.

Mower County:
Buck Stockade, Martin Township, a civilian stockade located about 1.5 miles southwest of Stewartville, just within the county line. Stone wall ruins existed into the 1970's before being cleared.

Blue Earth County:
Garden City Fort, Garden City, a military fort.
Judson Post (1863), Judson, a military detachment post at "Crisp's Store". Possibly also known as Camp Crisp.
South Bend Fort, South Bend, possibly a civilian defense, or the same as Camp Lincoln (listed below).
Camp Lincoln, South Bend, became a temporary POW camp for 303 Sioux warriors after the Sioux Uprising. Of those, 38 were later hanged at Mankato, the rest were released. Site located at the mouth of the Blue Earth River.
Mankato Fort, Mankato, a civilian defense.
Post at Winnebago Indian Agency, near Mankato, a military detachment post. The Winnebago Indians were relocated here from the Crow Wing River in 1855.

Le Sueur County:
Marysburg Fort, Marysburg, a military fort located about 2.4 miles north of Madison Lake.
Le Sueur Fort (4), Le Sueur, a civilian defense.

Watonwan County:
Fort Cox, Madelia, a local volunteer militia two-story octagonal blockhouse surrounded by a breastwork and ditch. Garrisoned by the MN Volunteers after June 1863 as Camp Wilken. Located on St. Paul Street (Center Ave.).
Ole Jorgenson's Stockade (1863), a civilian defense in Rosendale Township, southwest of Madelia.
Camp Marsh (1863), near Groghan, southwest of Madelia, a military post.
Watonwan Post (1863), on Perch Creek near South Branch, a military detachment post.
Madelia and South Branch were attacked by the Sioux in April 1863.

Brown County:
Fort Slocum (2) (aka Fort Hanska), near Hanska (1863), a military fort located on Fort Hill at the southeast end of Lake Hanska (Lake Hanska County Park).
Leavenworth Fort, Leavenworth, a civilian defense.
Sleepy Eye Fort, Sleepy Eye, a civilian defense.
Camp Big Cottonwood (1863), probably located on the Cottonwood River south of Sleepy Eye, a military detachment post.
New Ulm Fort, New Ulm, a military fort. This may or may not be the same as Camp at New Ulm (1863). The town was attacked twice by the Sioux in August 1862. Settlers had barricaded themselves in at the Roebbecke Mill on South State Street, which was destroyed in the battle. The extant 1861 Forster Building at 117 North Broadway Street, the 1861 Erd Building at 108 North Minnesota Street, the Weddendorf House at 826 North Minnesota Street, and the now demolished 1859 Dacotah House at 105 North Minnesota Street were also used as defensive posts by the settlers. A Barricade marker is located at the 1861 Kiesling House at 220 North Minnesota Street.
Milford Post (1863), Milford, a military detachment post (huts and storehouses only).

Nicollet County:
St. Peter Post (2), St. Peter, a military detachment post.
New Sweden Stockade, New Sweden, a civilian sod-walled stockade just west of the Scandinavian Grove Church, erected after the Sioux attacked the town in August 1862. The town was never attacked again.

Sibley County:
Henderson Fort, Henderson, a civilian defense.
Camp (or Fort) Goodhue (1863), near Henderson, at or near Rush River on the Rush River, a military detachment post.

Redwood County:
Three Lakes Post (1863 ? - 1865), southeast of Redwood Falls, probably near Gilfillan, a military detachment post.

Renville County:
Preston Lake Post, northeast of Buffalo Lake, a military detachment post located on the high ground on the west side of Preston and Allie Lakes, guarding the trail linking Fort Ridgely and Hutchinson.
Two Lakes, possibly a civilian defense, or may be the same as Preston Lake Post.
Buffalo Lake Post, near Buffalo Lake, a military detachment post. Located on a small hill on the southwest shore of the former Buffalo Lake (drained in the early 1920's), earthwork remnants still existed until c.1930 when the site was turned into a community dump site. There may have been a log stockade.
Bird Island Post (1863 ? - 1865), Bird Island, a military detachment post.
Birch Coulee Post, a military detachment post near the Lower Sioux Indian Agency, at the mouth of Birch Coulee Creek near Morton. The Agency was attacked by the Sioux in August 1862, killing several people.

McLeod County:
Hutchinson Fort, Hutchinson, a timber stockade in the center of town providing refuge for 400 people. Attacked by the Sioux in September 1862. The site is now the Community Library (former City Hall), commemorated by a stone monument.
Glencoe Fort, Glencoe, a civilian defense.
Buffalo Creek Post (1863), near Stewart, a military detachment post located about one-quarter mile west-northwest of the present town. Remnants may possibly still exist (?) on private property.
Brownton Fort, Brownton, a civilian defense. Dakota warriors killed a family of five (?) living in a log cabin near Lake Addie, just east of town, in August 1862. A civilian defense (Lake Addie Fort) may have been built there soon afterwards, which may be one and the same as the Brownton Fort.

Carver County:
Watertown Fort, Watertown, a civilian stockade.

Scott County:
Shakopee Fort, Shakopee, a civilian defense in an unfinished stone building that was originally built for St. John's College (1856). The building later became the foundation for St. Mark's Catholic Church (1868) at 350 Atwood Street South (still exists).

Wright County:
Monticello Fort, Monticello, a civilian stockade around the "Academy".
Clearwater Fort (1863), Clearwater, a civilian stockade around the First Congregational Church (1861) at 405 Bluff Street (still exists).
Buffalo Fort, Buffalo, a civilian stockade around a ginseng drying shed on the shore of Buffalo Lake.
Rockford Fort, Rockford, a civilian stockade around a mill yard.
Maple Lake Fort, Maple Lake, a civilian log defense on a hill on Joseph Rackcliff's farm.
Harriman's Fort (1863), Annandale, a civilian stockade around Rev. M.S. Harriman's home, located on Pleasant Lake near Ridgeway Point at the north end of present-day North Pleasant Ave.. Also known as Fort Skedaddle.

Hennepin County:
Excelsior Stockade, Excelsior, a civilian stockade around the town schoolhouse.
Greenwood Stockade, (Old) Greenwood, a civilian stockade around the Beaver House Hotel. Located near the Wright County line.

Anoka County:
Anoka Fort, Anoka, a civilian defense.

Meeker County:
Kingston Fort, Kingston, a civilian defense.
Forest City Stockade, Forest City (1862 - 1865), a 1976 reconstruction of a civilian stockade. Attacked by the Sioux in September 1862. The military may have had a detachment here after 1863.
Manannah Post, Manannah, possibly a civilian defense initially, garrisoned by the military after June 1863.
Long Lake (or Acton) Post (1863), at or near Acton, south of Grove City, a military detachment post. Acton was attacked by the Sioux in 1862.
Greenleaf (or Green Lake) Fort, Greenleaf, a civilian defense at Green Lake.
Pipe Lake Fort (1863), near Corvuso, a military detachment post. Earthen walls still exist on private property about one-half mile southeast of town, which is the only original sod fortification built during the Dakota War that still remains today in the state. A model of the fort is on display at the neighboring McLeod County Historical Society.

Kandiyohi County:
Kandiyohi Lakes Post (1863 ? - 1865), near Big Kandiyohi Lake near Blomkest, a military detachment post.
Norway Lake Post (1863 - 1865), near Sunburg, a military detachment post.

Stearns County:
Fort Paynesville, Paynesville, a civilian defense initially, formed by sod walls connecting the schoolhouse and Methodist Church. Abandoned in August 1862 because it was deemed too small for adequate protection. The abandoned town was then attacked and burned by the Sioux in September 1862. Garrisoned by the military in October 1862 who built a new fort on the same site. It was described as a 100-feet by 200-feet log stockade with defensive earthworks and a lookout tower. A concrete pillar marks one corner of the fort at West Main and Bridge Streets.
Richmond Fort, Richmond, a civilian defense.
Maine Prairie Fort, Maine Prairie, a civilian 100-foot square stockade with a two-story blockhouse.
Samuel Holes' Fort, St. Cloud, a "strong" civilian fort. There were also two other forts or blockhouses in town. (Broker's Blockhouse ?)
St. Joseph Forts, St. Joseph, three civilian timber blockhouses were built here.
Lake George, near Spring Hill, a civilian defense or a military detachment post.
Sauk Centre Fort (1862 - 1865), Sauk Centre, a civilian log stockade. Taken over and enlarged by the Army in 1863 as a supply post between St. Cloud and Fort Abercrombie, ND.
Fair Haven Fort, Fairhaven, a civilian log stockade around the town hotel once located on the northwest corner of the second city block (Lot 12, Section 45) south of the marker (1991) in Fairhaven Park. Site discovered archaeologically in 2015.

Pope County:
Amelia Lake Post (1863 ? - 1865), near Villard, a military detachment post.
Lake Johanna Post (1863 ? - 1865), west of Brooten, a military detachment post.

Douglas County:
Fort Alexandria, Alexandria (1862 - 1866), a military stockade to protect the town and the supply route between St. Cloud and Fort Abercrombie, ND. Originally known as Camp Joslin in 1862. A partial reconstruction was built in the 1970's. Original site is located about two blocks east of the present-day Runestone Museum at 206 North Broadway, where exhibits of the fort are on display.
Chippewa Station Post (1862 - 1863), at or near Chippewa Lake near Brandon, a military detachment post.

Grant County:
Pomme de Terre Post (1862 - 1865), at Pomme de Terre Lake, northeast of Elbow Lake, a military detachment post, also used on General Sibley's return trip from the Dakota Territory in September 1863.

NOTE: Settlers in northern Iowa also built several defenses (see also IOWA page).
(thanks to Craig Duehring for providing info on most of the 1863 military posts)
(thanks to David Vavreck for providing info on several other civilian defenses)

Camps of General H.H. Sibley's Sioux Campaign
(1863), various locations
(see also NORTH DAKOTA and SOUTH DAKOTA pages)
Army encampments during the June - September 1863 campaign to put down the Sioux Uprising.
Camp Pope (1863 - 1866) about one mile northwest of North Redwood. Established as a major supply depot at the head of navigation on the Minnesota River. General Sibley's starting point of the campaign in June 1863. Also used for General Sully's Expedition in 1864. Continued as a supply base for Fort Wadsworth, SD until 1866.
Camp Crooks near Delhi, opposite the mouth of Sacred Heart Creek.
Camp Miller on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Sacred Heart, below the mouth of Yellow Medicine Creek. The Battle of Wood Lake occurred near here in 1863.
Camp Baker near Granite Falls.
Camp McPhaill on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Montevideo.
Camp Ramsey (1) near Cerro Gordo and the southern end of the Lac qui Parle Reservoir.
Camp Averill on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Odessa, on the Yellow Bank River.

Other known Army encampments in 1863 were:
Camp Burns in Renville County near Fairfax, possibly on Little Rock Creek. This may have been known later as Fort Burns (April 1864), which was said to be located 12 miles from Fort Ridgely and 12 miles from the Minnesota River, as a 30-man detachment subpost of Fort Ridgely.
(thanks to Craig Duehring for providing Fort Burns info)
Otter Tail Crossing Post (aka Post at the Old Crossing), in Wilkin County at the "Old Crossing" of the Otter Tail River near Everdell. A subpost of Fort Abercrombie (ND), used on General Sibley's return from the Dakotas in September 1863.

Undetermined locations:
Camp Steele

NEED MORE INFO: Fort Rush (date ?) a military post or a fur trading post (?), possibly located on the Rush River in Sibley County, or near Rush Lake in Chisago County, or somewhere else.

Northern Minnesota - page 2

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"Updates" at