American Forts: West


Fort Adams | Camp Aldrich | Fort Alexandria | Camp Averill | Camp Baker
B. Baker's Post (1) | Fort Beauharnois | Camp Beaver Creek | Camp Belle Plain | Belmont Fort
Camp Big Cottonwood | Birch Coulee Post | Blue Earth Fort | Fort Bon Secours
Fort Britt | Broker's Blockhouse | Brownton Fort | Buffalo Creek Post | Buffalo Lake Post
Camp Burns | Fort Burns | Cannon River Posts | Fort Chanyaska | Camp Coldwater
Cottonwood River Post | Fort Cox | Camp Crisp | Camp Crooks | Fort Des Moines
Dickson's Post (1) | Dickson's Post (2) | Elk River Post | Fairmont Post | A. Faribault's Post
D. Faribault's Post (1) | D. Faribault's Post (2) | Folsom's Fort | Forest City Stockade
Garden City Fort | Gerry's Fort | Glencoe Post | Camp Goodhue | Great Oasis Post
Fort Greene | Green Lake Post | Grey Cloud Island Posts | Fort Hanska | Heron Lake Fort
Fort Holes | Hudson's Post | Fort l'Huillier | Hutchinson Fort | Camp Jamison
Fort la Jonquière | Judson Post | Kingston Post | Lake George Post | Lake Talcot Post
Lake Traverse Post | Camp Lake View | Land's End Post | Cantonment Leavenworth
Fort Le Sueur (1) | Fort Le Sueur (2) | Fort Le Sueur (3) | Fort Lewis | Camp Lincoln
Little Rapids Post | Little Spirit Lake Fort | Camp Livingstone | Long Lake Post
Lynd's Post | McLeod's Post (1) | McLeod's Post (2) | McNutt's Fort | Camp McPhaill
Maine Prairie Fort | Manannah Post | Fort Marin | Camp Marsh | Martin Lake Fort
Marysburg Fort | Milford Post | Camp Miller | Mooers' Post (1) | Camp Mueller
Cantonment New Hope | Camp at New Ulm | New Ulm Fort | Oliver's Grove Post
Otter Tail Crossing Post | Patterson's Post | Paynesville Post | Fort Perrot | Pipe Lake Post
Fort Pipestone | Pomme de Terre Post | Camp Pope | Preston Lake Post | Camp Ramsey (1)
Camp Ramsey (2) | C. Read's Post | Read's Landing Posts | Reed's Fort | Camp Release
Fort Renville | Fort Ridgely | Robinson's Fort | Rocque's Post (1) | Rocque's Post (2)
Fort Rush | Fort St. Anthony | St. Cloud Forts | St. Joseph Forts | Fort St. Peter's (1)
St. Peter Post (2) | Sacred Heart Post | Sauk Centre Fort | Fort de les Sioux | Sleepy Eye Fort
I. Slocum's Fort (1) | Fort Slocum (2) | Camp Snelling | Fort Snelling | Camp Steele
Fort Union | Camp Van Duzee | Fort Vert | Fort Washington | Well's Post | Camp Wilken
Williams' Fort | Winnebago Fort | Wood's Post | Camp Yellow Medicine

Northern Minnesota - page 2

Last Update: 29/DECEMBER/2015
Compiled by Pete Payette - ©2015 American Forts Network

Fort Le Sueur (3)
(1755), near La Crescent
A French fort.

Fort Perrot
(1683 - 1687, 1689 - unknown), Read's Landing
A log fort built by Nicolas Perrot. Briefly abandoned due to Indian hostilities. Named Fort Bon Secours on a 1700 French map. Erroneously named Fort Le Sueur (2) on a 1703 French map, in reference to Fort Le Sueur (1) at Prairie Island.

Read's Landing Trading Posts
(1810 - 1860), Read's Landing
Site of several trading posts, including Augustin Rocque's (Sr.) Post (1) (1810 - 1830), Augustin Rocque's (Jr.) Post (2) (1835 - 1860), Edward Hudson's Post (1840 - 1845), Charles Read's Post (1847 - unknown), and several others from 1840 - 1860.

Camp Lake View
(1884 - 1930 ?), near Lake City
A MN National Guard summer training camp. Replaced by Camp Ripley.

Fort Beauharnois
(Frontenac State Park)
(1727 - 1728, 1732 - 1737, 1750 - 1756), Frontenac
A French 100-foot square palisaded fort, probably located on Sandy Point. Abandoned due to Sioux hostility, it was rebuilt four years later on higher ground. Also known as Fort de les Sioux. Probably abandoned again in 1737. Rebuilt again in 1750 and renamed Fort la Jonquière. It was abandoned a final time in 1756 to send the troops east to fight the British.

Fort Marin was a small French outpost located just to the east in 1750.

Wells' Trading Post
(1839), Frontenac
A trading post, possibly operated by the American Fur Co., located on "Point des Sables". The American Fur Co. did have a post here earlier in 1830 (name undetermined).

Fort Le Sueur (1)
(1694), Prairie Island
A French trading post on "Isle Pelée" (Bald Island), built by Pierre Charles Le Sueur.

Oliver's Grove Post
(1832 - 1834), Hastings
An independent trading post operated by Joseph Brown. Site located at 2nd and Vermillion Streets. The town was originally named Oliver's Grove.

Grey Cloud Island Posts
(1836 - 1839), Grey Cloud Island
Several trading posts were established here.

Camp Ramsey (2)
(1898), St. Paul
A Spanish-American War muster-in camp for state troops, located at the State Fairgrounds west of Snelling Ave. and north of the railroad. After an outbreak of typhoid fever, several companies moved to Camp Snelling on the Fort Snelling Reservation.

Camp Van Duzee
(1898), St. Paul
A Spanish-American War muster-out camp. Site located at University and Hamline Aves., across the railyard from Camp Ramsey (2).

Fort Snelling (State Park)
(Friends of Fort Snelling)
(Fort Snelling Upper Post)
(Mississippi National River and Recreation Area - NPS)
(1819 - 1857, 1861 - 1879/1946), St. Paul FORT WIKI
It was known as Cantonment New Hope and Cantonment Leavenworth until 1820, originally located on the south-side of the Minnesota River. Flooding forced the rebuilding on a new site across the river, called Camp Coldwater, about a mile and one-half from the site of the permanent fort, started in 1820. Known as Fort St. Anthony or Fort St. Peter's (1) until 1825 when renamed. The St. Peter's Indian Agency was established here in 1819. The fort was abandoned in 1857, but reactivated in 1861 as a state training center during the Civil War. Federal troops returned in 1866, making the post the headquarters of the vast Military Department of Dakota. New barracks were constructed in 1879 and in 1889 while the old post was mostly dismantled. In 1898 a quarantine camp (Camp Snelling) was established on the military reservation at the rifle range west of the fort, and also at a site about two miles north of the fort, after typhoid fever broke out at Camp Ramsey. The new "Upper Post" was fully developed by 1903-07. The upper post was used as a Regular Army mobilization and training center during the two World Wars. Transferred to the V.A. Hospital system after the war. Four of the original sixteen buildings of the historic post still stand, including the stone Round Tower; eleven others have been rebuilt around the old parade ground. Reconstructed beginning in 1969. Admission fee. The Minnesota Historical Society Museum is here.
See also History of the Upper Post from NPS || Fort Snelling: Breaking the Code from NPS
Historic Fort Snelling from Minnesota Treasures

Benjamin Baker's Post (1) (1820's) was located at the Coldwater site. It was a stone house that was used as a school beginning in 1837 by the Fort Snelling children. It later became the St. Louis House Hotel (aka Mackenzie Hotel), then burned down in 1859. Located east of the fort was an American Fur Co. post (date ?). Located south of the fort was a Columbia Fur Co. post (date ?). The Spanish had proposed a fort here in 1791 to halt British trade west, but was never built. The Minnesota River was originally known as the St. Peter's River.

Land's End Post
(1831), Minneapolis
A trading post located on the Minnesota River one mile upriver from Fort Snelling.

David Faribault's Post (2)
(1846), Elk River
A fur trading post established by David Faribault, son of Jean Baptiste Faribault. Also known as Elk River Post.

Robert Dickson's Post (2)
(1805 - 1806), near St. Cloud
An independent fur trade post located just south of town along the Mississippi River.

David Faribault's Trading Post (1)
(The Landing - Minnesota River Heritage Park)
(1844 - unknown), Shakopee
A log cabin trading post reconstructed at Historic Murphy's Village (renamed "The Landing" and under new ownership in 2002).

Fort Lewis
(1824 or 1826), near Chaska
An American Fur Co. trading post located at the "Little Rapids" of the Minnesota (St. Peter's) River, established and operated by Jean Baptiste Faribault, father to David and Alexander. Marker on Chaska Blvd. just west of town. Marker denotes 1824 date.

The North West Company earlier operated Little Rapids Post (1804), located just south of Carver. Jean Faribault was here at that time as a trader for the Nor'westers.

Cannon River Posts
(1826 - unknown), Rice and Le Sueur Counties
Several American Fur Co. posts were established by Alexander Faribault at the "Bois Plumé" (Bois Plaine) on the Cannon River, located at the present-day sites of Faribault (1834), Morristown, and Waterville, as well as on the northern shore of Cannon Lake, opposite Warsaw.

Martin McLeod's Post (1)
(1840), near St. Peter
A fur trade post located across the Minnesota River from Traverse.

Fort Union
(1826 - 1840's), Traverse
A Columbia Fur Co. post, later an American Fur Co. post. The town was originally Traverse des Sioux.

Fort l'Huillier
(1700 - 1702), Mankato
A French post established by Pierre Charles Le Sueur for trading and mining copper. Also known as Fort Vert. Abandoned due to Indian hostility. The presumed site is located on a 70-foot high natural mound at the Minnesota and Blue Earth Rivers, now farmland. No trace exists of the fort. A marker is located on MN 66 just south of town.

Blue Earth County Forts
(1857), various locations
During March and April 1857 several settlements in the area were crudely and hastily fortified against Indian attack after the so-called "Inkpadutah Masacre" in March. These included:
McNutt's Fort, at the McNutt's Mill across the Minnesota River from Judson;
John Williams' Fort, at South Bend;
W.R. Robinson's Fort, at Crystal Lake;
Folsom's Fort, on the north side of Garden City;
Edson Gerry's Fort, at Garden City on the south side of the Watonwan River;
Reed's Fort, at Vernon Center;
Isaac Slocum's Fort (1), on the Watonwan River in Lincoln Township, southeast of Madelia and about ten miles southwest of Crystal Lake. Slocum's stockade included his three-story log cabin, blacksmith shop, granary, and several barns for the use of the local militia's storage of supplies and munitions. This was probably the largest and most important of the local defenses at the time.

Cottonwood River Post
(1826 - unknown), near New Ulm
A trading post located at the mouth of the Cottonwood River (Rivière aux Liards).

Camp Mueller
(1898), New Ulm
A Spanish-American War muster-out camp located at the county fairgrounds in the northwest part of town.

Fort Ridgely (State Park)
(1853 - 1867), near Fairfax FORT WIKI
Mostly ruins of 17 building sites, with a reconstructed commissary that now serves as the museum and visitor center. An original log powder magazine was returned and restored in the 1930's after use as a local farm building. The MN Historical Society erected a tall granite monument here in 1896. The site became a state memorial in 1911. Located at the mouth of the Rock River, this was the main Federal post associated with the 1862-63 Sioux Uprising, originally built to patrol the newly established Sioux Indian Reservation. It was attacked twice in August 1862. Admission fee.

Camp Beaver Creek
(1860, 1863 ?), near Morton
A temporary Army camp located 16 miles northwest of Fort Ridgely. Possibly used again in 1863.

Wood's Trading Post
(1856 - 1857), Jackson
A civilian post (single log cabin) operated by brothers Charles, William, and George Wood. Indians attacked the settlement (originally named Springfield) in 1857, killing Charles and William. The settlement was then abandoned for several years.

Lake Talcot Post
(1835), Talcot Lake
An American Fur Co. post.

Great Oasis Post
(1837), Lowville Township, Murray County
An American Fur Co. post operated by Joseph LaFramboise, located at the "Grande Lisière", overlooking Tibbetts Lake. Abandoned in the fall of 1837, it was burned down in 1838 by Indians. Remnants of the log stockade were reported to still stand in 1866 when the land was settled by brothers John and Bartlett Low.

James Lynd's Post
(1855 - 1857), Lynd
A fur trade post on the Redwood River.

Sacred Heart Post
(1783), near Sacred Heart
A trading post established by Charles Patterson at Patterson's Rapids on the Minnesota River. Also known as Charles Patterson's Post. The Sioux gave him the nickname "Sacred Hat" for the bearskin hat that he wore. The name was later corrupted.

Camp Yellow Medicine
(1863), near Granite Falls
An Army encampment on Yellow Medicine Creek at the Yellow Medicine Indian Agency, aka Upper Sioux Indian Agency.

Camp Livingstone (1860) was located just west of the Agency. Also previously here was Camp Belle Plain in 1857.

Camp Release
(State Historical Monument)
(1863 - 1864), near Montevideo
A detention camp for suspected Sioux (Dakota) Indians that participated in the 1862 Uprising. The Sioux had agreed to release 270 of their captives here in September 1862 after the initial thrust of the Sioux Uprising, hence the name. A monument (1894) is in the small wayside park on US 212.

Fort (Joseph) Renville
(Lac qui Parle State Park)
(1826 - 1851), Lac qui Parle
An independent fur post, mission and Chippewa dwellings. Renville died in 1846, and the Dakota Indians forced the abandonment of the mission soon after. The Lac qui Parle Mission still exists.

Fort Adams
(1826 - unknown), Lac qui Parle
A Columbia Fur Co. trading post.

Fort Greene
(1826), undetermined location
An American Fur Co. post located on the "River au Gris of the St. Peters", below Big Stone Lake.

Hazen Mooers' Post (1)
(1823 - unknown), near Ortonville
A trading post located on the east bank of Big Stone Lake.

Also located on Big Stone Lake was Martin McLeod's Post (2) (1843 - 1846).

Robert Dickson's Post (1)
(1800), Lake Traverse
An independent fur trade post.

Fort Washington
(1823 - unknown), Lake Traverse
A Columbia Fur Co. trading post. Taken over by the American Fur Co. in 1827.

Lake Traverse Post
(1824 - 1826), Lake Traverse
An American Fur Co. trading post in competition with Fort Washington.

For other Lake Traverse and Big Stone Lake posts see also SOUTH DAKOTA page.

1862 - 63 Sioux Uprising Defenses
(1862 - 1864), various locations

Pipestone County:
Fort Pipestone (1863), Pipestone, a reconstructed civilian stockade located at 104 9th Street NE.. Attacked on September 3, 1863. Garrisoned 10 days later by MN Volunteers, possibly from Capt. Whitney's expedition from New Ulm to Fort Lookout, South Dakota.

Jackson County:
Heron Lake Fort, a civilian blockhouse located on the east side of Heron Lake.
Belmont Fort, Jackson, a reconstructed civilian fort. See also Fort Belmont from Jackson Area Chamber of Commerce
Fort Des Moines, near Petersburg, a civilian blockhouse located along the Des Moines River.
Little Spirit Lake Fort, a civilian blockhouse located at Little Spirit Lake.

Martin County:
Fairmont Post (1863), Fairmont, a military detachment post.
Martin Lake Fort, near Northrop, a military fort.
Fort Chanyaska, near Trimont, a civilian defense or a military fort. A detachment of MN Volunteers was posted here in 1863.
Fort Britt, at Iowa Lake, a civilian defense or a military fort.

Faribault County:
Blue Earth Fort, Blue Earth, a military fort.
Winnebago Fort, Winnebago, a military fort.

Blue Earth County:
Garden City Fort, Garden City, a military fort.
Judson Post (1863), Judson, a military detachment post at "Crisp's Store". Possibly also known as Camp Crisp.

Le Sueur County:
Marysburg Fort, Marysburg, a military fort located about 2.4 miles north of Madison Lake.

Watonwan County:
Fort Cox, Madelia, a military fort.
Watonwan Post (1863), near South Branch, a military detachment post. This may or may not be the same as either Camp Marsh or Camp Wilken (listed below).

Brown County:
Fort Slocum (2) (aka Fort Hanska), near Hanska, a military fort located on Fort Hill at the southeast end of Lake Hanska (Lake Hanska County Park).
Sleepy Eye Fort, Sleepy Eye, a civilian fort.
New Ulm Fort, New Ulm, a military fort. The town was attacked twice by the Sioux in August 1862. This may or may not be the same as Camp at New Ulm (1863). Settlers had barricaded themselves in at the Roebbecke Mill on South State Street, which was destroyed in the battle. The extant 1861 Forster Building at 117 North Broadway Street, the 1861 Erd Building at 108 North Minnesota Street, the Weddendorf House at 826 North Minnesota Street, and the now demolished 1859 Dacotah House at 105 North Minnesota Street were also used as defensive posts by the settlers. A Barricade marker is located at the 1861 Kiesling House at 220 North Minnesota Street.

Nicollet County:
St. Peter Post (2), St. Peter, a military detachment post.

Renville County:
Preston Lake Post, near Buffalo Lake, a military detachment post located on the high ground on the west side of Preston and Allie Lakes, guarding the trail linking Fort Ridgely and Hutchinson Fort.
Buffalo Lake Post, near Buffalo Lake, a military detachment post. Located on a small hill on the southwest shore of the former Buffalo Lake (drained in the early 1920's), earthwork remnants still existed until c.1930 when the site was turned into a community dump site. There may have been a log stockade.
Birch Coulee Post, at the mouth of Birch Coulee Creek near Morton, a military detachment post near the Lower Sioux Indian Agency. The Agency was attacked by the Sioux in August 1862, killing several people.

McLeod County:
Hutchinson Fort, Hutchinson, a timber stockade in the center of town providing refuge for 400 people. Attacked by the Sioux in September 1862. The site is now the Community Library (former City Hall), commemorated by a stone monument.
Glencoe Post, Glencoe, a civilian defense or a military post.
Buffalo Creek Post, near Stewart, a civilian defense or a military post located about one-quarter mile west-northwest of the present town. Remnants may possibly still exist on private property.
Brownton Fort, Brownton, a civilian defense.

Meeker County:
Kingston Post, Kingston, a civilian defense or a military post.
Forest City Stockade, Forest City, a 1976 reconstruction of a civilian stockade. Attacked by the Sioux in September 1862. (website courtesy of Dave Lantto)
Manannah Post, Manannah, a civilian defense or a military post.
Long Lake Post, near Grove City, a military detachment post. The nearby community of Acton was attacked by the Sioux in 1862.
Green Lake Post, near Greenleaf, a civilian defense or a military post.
Pipe Lake Post (1863), near Corvuso, a military detachment post. Earthen walls still exist on private property about one-half mile southeast of town, which is the only original sod fortification built during the 1862 Sioux Uprising that still remains in the state. A model of the fort is on display at the neighboring McLeod County Historical Society.

Stearns County:
Paynesville Post, Paynesville, a civilian defense or a military post.
Maine Prairie Fort, Maine Prairie, a civilian 100-foot square stockade with a two-story blockhouse.
Fort (Samuel) Holes, St. Cloud, a "strong" civilian fort. There were also two other known forts in town. (Broker's Blockhouse ?)
St. Joseph Forts, St. Joseph, three civilian timber blockhouses were built here.
Lake George Post, near Spring Hill, a civilian defense or a military post.
Sauk Centre Fort (1862 - 1865), Sauk Centre, a civilian log stockade. Taken over and enlarged by the Army until 1865 as a supply post to Fort Abercrombie, ND.

Douglas County:
Fort Alexandria, Alexandria (1862 - 1866), a military stockade to protect the town and the supply route between St. Cloud and Fort Abercrombie, ND. A partial reconstruction was built in the 1970's. Original site is located about two blocks east of the present-day Runestone Museum at 206 North Broadway, where exhibits of the fort are on display.

Grant County:
Pomme de Terre Post, at Pomme de Terre Lake, northeast of Elbow Lake, a military detachment post, also used on General Sibley's return trip from the Dakota Territory in September 1863.

NOTE: There were about 15 additional civilian defenses built throughout the southern part of the state (names and locations ?) in a general north-south line from St. Cloud to the Iowa state border. The Minnesota Volunteers had additional detachment posts in 1863 at Camp Big Cottonwood, Milford (huts and storehouses), and Camp Wilken (somewhere north of Camp Marsh) (all locations undetermined). Settlers in northern Iowa also built several defenses (see also IOWA page).
(thanks to Craig Duehring for providing info on 1863 Army detachments)

Camps of General H.H. Sibley's Sioux Campaign
(1863), various locations
(see also NORTH DAKOTA and SOUTH DAKOTA pages)
Army encampments during the June - September 1863 campaign to put down the Sioux Uprising.
Camp Pope about one mile northwest of Redwood Falls. General Sibley's starting point of the campaign in June 1863.
Camp Crooks near Delhi, opposite the mouth of Sacred Heart Creek.
Camp Miller on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Sacred Heart, below the mouth of Yellow Medicine Creek. The Battle of Wood Lake occurred near here in 1863.
Camp Baker near Granite Falls.
Camp McPhaill on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Montevideo.
Camp Ramsey (1) near Cerro Gordo and the southern end of the Lac qui Parle Reservoir.
Camp Averill on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Odessa, on the Yellow Bank River.

Other known Army encampments in 1863 were:
Camp Marsh near Groghan, southwest of Madelia.
Camp Goodhue in Sibley County near Henderson, possibly near Rush River on the Rush River.
Camp Burns near Fairfax, possibly on Little Rock Creek. This may have been known later as Fort Burns (April 1864), which was said to be located 12 miles from Fort Ridgely and 12 miles from the Minnesota River, as a 30-man detachment subpost of Fort Ridgely.
(thanks to Craig Duehring for providing Fort Burns info)
Camp Lincoln, at South Bend in Blue Earth County, a temporary POW camp for 303 Sioux after the Sioux Uprising. Of those, 38 were later hanged at Mankato, the rest were released.
Otter Tail Crossing Post, at the "Old Crossing" of the Otter Tail River near Everdell in Wilkin County. A subpost of Fort Abercrombie (ND), used on General Sibley's return from the Dakotas in September 1863.

Undetermined locations:
Camp Aldrich
Camp Jamison
Camp Steele

NEED MORE INFO: Fort Rush (date ?) an Army post or a fur trading post (?), possibly located on the Rush River in Sibley County, or near Rush Lake in Chisago County, or somewhere else.

Northern Minnesota - page 2

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