American Forts: West

OKLAHOMA

Camp Arbuckle (1) | Camp Arbuckle (2) | Fort Arbuckle (1) | Fort Arbuckle (2) | Camp Armstrong
Fort Blunt | Boggy Depot Camp | Camp Brassie | Camp Brookin | Camp Canadian | Camp Cass | Cedar Camp
Chickasaw Agency Post | Camp Choctaw | Fort Coffee | Coffee's Post (3) | Cross Timbers Camp
Fort near Crossing of Washita River | Cantonment Davis | Fort Davis | Fort Edwards | Edwards' Trading Post
Camp Fillmore | Camp Frank | Fort Gaines | Camp at Fort Gibson | Camp near Fort Washita | Cantonment Gibson
Fort Gibson | Glenn's Post | Grand River Post | Camp Holmes (1) | Fort Holmes | Camp Illinois
Camp Imochiah | Camp Jackson | Camp Jumper | Camp Kagi | Camp Leavenworth | Fort McCulloch
Camp McDaniel | Camp Martin | Camp Neosho | Neosho Post (1) | Neosho Post (2) | Camp Osage
Perryville Depot | Camp Phoenix | Camp Prairie Springs | Camp at Purcell | Camp Quapaw | Camp Rendezvous
Camp Ross | Post at Ross' Landing | Camp Smith | Fort Spunky | Camp Steele | Camp Tiger
Three Forks Post | Cantonment Towson | Fort Towson | Warren's Post (1) | Camp Washita | Fort Washita
Camp Wattles | Fort Wayne | Western Creek Agency | Wigwam Neosho

Western Oklahoma - page 2

FORT WIKI - OKLAHOMA

Last Update: 21/JULY/2007
Compiled by Phil and Pete Payette - 2007 American Forts Network

NOTE: This region was known as Indian Territory beginning in 1820, joining with Oklahoma Territory for combined statehood in 1907.

Camp Quapaw
(1863), near Quapaw
A CSA encampment at Hudson's Crossing.

Neosho Post (1)
(1825 - 1830's), near Wyandotte ?
A trading post on the Neosho River built by Pierre Melicourt Papin, cousin to Auguste Pierre Chouteau. Located about 40 miles upriver from Salina.

Fort Wayne
(1838 - 1842, 1848, 1861 - 1862), near Jay
Origionally called Camp Illinois and located at Watts about 20 miles south. The post moved in 1840 due to unhealthful conditions, to just outside Maysville, Arkansas, near the state line, on the north-side of Spavinaw (Flag) Creek, and was sooned renamed. Abandoned for Fort Scott, Kansas. In 1848 the fort was at the center of the Cherokee Nation split between John Ross and Stand Watie. Confederate Cherokee troops also used it briefly during the Civil War.

Grand River Post (Memorial)
(1821 - 1837), Salina
The oldest permanent white settlement in the state (La Saline), established by half-Osage Indian Joseph Rivar (Revoir). A trading post was built by Paul Liguest Choteau, brother to Auguste Pierre Chouteau. Some sources claim the date of 1796 as the founding of the settlement, and others claim the date 1817 as the establishment of the trading post. Auguste Pierre Chouteau moved into Rivar's former home in 1822, one year after Rivar built the house and was then murdered by the Indians in 1821. The Salina High School is now located on the site.

Camp Wattles
(1862 - 1863), near Pryor
A CSA encampment near the mouth of Pryor Creek.

Fort Spunky
(unknown dates), Catoosa
A fortified farmhouse on Spunky Creek that served as a stage station before the arrival of the railroad. Some ruins (brick chimney) remain.

Camp McDaniel
(1861), Owasso
A Union encampment.

Fort Arbuckle (1)
(Keystone State Park)
(1834), near Sand Springs
A temporary Federal post officially called Camp Arbuckle (1) or Cedar Camp, it was abandoned after only five months. Located where the present-day Keystone Dam now stands, it consisted of a palisaded blockhouse and several cabins.

Col. Hugh Glenn's Post
(1821 ? - unknown), Okay
A stockaded trading post.

Three Forks Post
(1822 - 1826), Okay
Built by Auguste Pierre Chouteau on the Verdigris River near its junction with the Arkansas and Neosho (Grand) Rivers, about one-half mile south of town. Bought by the Federal government in 1826 for use as the Western Creek Indian Agency. Destroyed by a flood in 1833. The Indian Agency then moved across the river to McIntosh Town until 1851.

Wigwam Neosho
(1829 - 1833), near Okay
A trading post set up by Sam Houston before he moved to Texas. Located two miles southeast of town, it no longer exists and site is not marked. Also called Neosho Post (2).

Camp Neosho
(1850), Okay
A Federal encampment.

Fort Davis
(1861 - 1862), Bacone
A CSA base of operations for the area. Also known as Cantonment Davis. Abandoned, it was then destroyed by Union troops in December 1862. Site is near the campus of Bacone Indian College one mile east of town.

Fort Gibson (Historic Site and Military Park)
(1824 - 1901, intermittent), Fort Gibson
The first Federal fort built in Indian Territory, originally known as Cantonment Gibson until 1832. The fort was enlarged in 1831. The post was briefly abandoned in 1836 for Fort Towson during the Texan War of Independence. It was abandoned again in 1845 because of flooding, and construction of a new post was begun on a nearby hill in 1847. Only one building was completed by 1857 and the fort was abandoned again, turned over to the Cherokee Nation. The Confederates briefly used this fort early in the Civil War, but the Union reclaimed it in 1863. Union troops built a mile long 18-gun earthwork called Fort Blunt on a hill above the fort. Became a Quartermaster Depot in 1871. The post was abandoned in 1890, reoccupied in 1897 as Camp at Fort Gibson, and again in 1901. The state park includes a 1936 replica of the 1824 log fort and stockade and original 1870 barracks. The Garrett Historic Home is the Commanding Officer's Residence, built in 1867. Admission fee. Another website at Geocities.

A temporary post called Camp Jackson was established one mile from the present-day town in 1833.

Camp Brassie
(1863), near Tahlequah ?
A CSA encampment within the Cherokee Nation. Exact location undetermined.

Camp Ross
(1863), Park Hill
A CSA encampment near the home of Cherokee Chief John Ross.

Camp Rendezvous
(1834), Cookson ?
The starting point of Gen. Leavenworth's 1834 expedition through Indian Territory.

Fort Coffee
(1834 - 1838, 1861 - 1863), Fort Coffee
Located at Swallow Rock on the Arkansas River, it was a temporary post located in the Choctaw Nation on the Butterfield Overland Route, originally built to stop illegal whiskey shipments into Indian Territory. Named for Army General John Coffee. Abandoned when Fort Smith, AR, was built. Became Fort Coffee Academy, a school for Choctaw boys, in 1843, and was later occupied by CSA Indian troops. Union troops burned the post in 1863. No remains, site private property. Monument located in Skullyville on US 271. Much of the foundation stones were later used in private homes in the area. Artifacts on display at the Spiro Historical Society Museum in Spiro at 310 South Main Street.

Camp Steele
(1862), unknown location
A temporary CSA winter encampment reportedly located 20 miles west of Fort Smith in the Choctaw Nation.

Camp Brookin
(1862), Brookin
A CSA encampment.

Camp Imochiah
(1863), near Whitefield
A CSA encampment on Machire Creek west of town. The creek was variously named "Imochiah" and "Emachaya" in older sources. This was the headquarters camp of the First Brigade Indian Troops under Brig. Gen. Douglas Cooper. Possibly the same site as CSA Camp Pike.
(thanks to Ronnie McBean for providing location)

Camp Jumper
(1862), near Eufaula
A CSA encampment.

Camp Cass
(1834), near Stidham
A Federal encampment located four miles south of town.

Camp Tiger
(1909), Okmulgee County
A temporary military post located west of Tiger Mountain.

Fort Holmes
(1834 - 1835), near Holdenville
Located on the east bank of the Little River at the Canadian River, near the crossing of the Old Osage Trail. Originally called Camp Canadian and then renamed Camp Holmes (1). A blockhouse and barracks were constructed. Abandoned due to unhealthful conditions.

Fort Edwards
(1834 ? - unknown), near Holdenville
Located on the north bank of the Canadian River at the Little River, opposite Fort Holmes. Also called James Edwards' Trading Post. Exact dates are not known, but it lasted much longer than Fort Holmes.

Perryville Depot
(1862 - 1863), near Savanna
A CSA military post and supply depot that was attacked and burned by Union forces in August 1863.

Camp Osage
(1834), near Jesse
A Federal encampment located south of town.

Boggy Depot Camp
(Boggy Depot State Recreation Area)
(1862 - 1865), near Tushka
Old Boggy Depot is located 15 miles southwest of Atoka. This was a CSA supply depot during the Civil War. It later served as a stage coach station, Chickasaw headquarters, and temporary Choctaw Nation capital. The Confederate Memorial Museum is near here.

Fort McCulloch
(1862 - 1865), near Kenefic
A CSA star-shaped 18-gun earthwork manned by 3000 soldiers, located on the south bank of the Blue River. The troops were quartered in tent camps, not permanent barracks. Never attacked by the Union and abandoned after the war. The site is on private property.

Camp Armstrong
(1862 - 1865), Bokchito
Confederate troops occupied the Armstrong Academy (1844) and used it as a hospital. Located two and one-half miles north of town. The school burned down in 1921.

Fort Towson (Historic Site and Military Park)
(1824 - 1829, 1831 - 1854, 1861 - 1865), Fort Towson
Only ruins remain of this frontier fort, but the sutler's building has been reconstructed. Originally built as a border post between the US and Mexico, located on the east bank of Gates Creek six miles north of the Red River. Abandoned and burned in 1829. Rebuilt south of the creek and called Camp Phoenix briefly before being called Cantonment Towson. Renamed again in 1832. This time it was built to protect the relocated Choctaw Indians from the native Plains tribes. This post was also used as the Choctaw Indian Agency for a time and as the Choctaw Nation capital after 1854. It was used by the Confederates during most of the Civil War as headquarters of the CSA Indian Territory Department. This was the site of the last Confederate troop surrender on June 23, 1865, by General Stand Watie's Cherokee troops. A visitor center is on site.

Camp Washita
(1834), near Platter ?
A temporary Federal Dragoon blockhouse and barracks established by Col. Henry Dodge during General Henry Leavenworth's expedition. Located on the Washita River, three miles north of the Red River, south of Rock Creek. The actual site is now under Lake Texoma.

Post at Chickasaw Indian Agency
(1834), near Lake Texoma
A Federal outpost in the Chickasaw Nation. Undetermined location somewhere along the Washita River.

Fort Washita (Historic Site and Military Park)
(1842 - 1865, intermittent), near Brown
A Federal post built east of the Washita River to protect the recently relocated Chickasaw and Choctaw Nations. Rebuilt in 1855. Briefly abandoned in 1858. Abandoned by Union troops in 1861, and used by Confederates throughout the war. Became the CSA Indian Territory Department headquarters in 1865. It was not re-occupied by Federal troops after the war. Turned over to the Chickasaw Nation in 1870. Became a state park in 1962. There are original stone ruins and reconstructed structures, including the replica 1849 barracks.

Camp Fillmore
(1851), near Brown
A temporary Federal encampment officially known as Camp near Fort Washita. Exact location undetermined.

Camp Kagi
(1864), near Milburn
A CSA encampment on the Blue River.

Camp Leavenworth
(1834), near Kingston
A temporary Federal camp located about two miles south of town, and possibly now under Lake Texoma.

Holland Coffee's Trading Post (3)
(1836 - 1837), near Burneyville
A civilian stockaded trading post on the Red River near Walnut Bayou.

Abel Warren's Trading Post (1)
(1837 - 1848), near Burneyville
A civilian trading post on the Red River near Walnut Bayou. Located at or near Coffee's Post (3).

Camp Frank
(1898), Ardmore
A temporary post for Regular Army artillery troops from Galveston, Texas. Located one mile southeast of town.

Fort Arbuckle (2)
(1851 - 1870), Fort Arbuckle
Originally named Fort near the Crossing of the Washita River, it was built to protect the relocated Chickasaw Indians from the native Plains tribes, and located on the site of a Kickapoo village abandoned two years earlier for Texas. Occupied by the CSA 1861 - 1865. Re-occupied by Federals in 1866. Later taken over by the Chickasaw Nation. The site is seven miles west of Davis on the south-side of Wild Horse Creek. One lone chimney from the Officers' quarters has been incorporated into a private home. Private property. The howitzers are on display at Fort Sill. Artifacts are on display at the Arbuckle Historical Museum in Davis at 12 Main Street.

Camp Choctaw
(1834), Stephens County
A Federal encampment. Undetermined location.

Camp Arbuckle (2)
(1850 - 1851), Byars
A temporary Federal post (tent encampment) located one mile west of town and one mile south of the Canadian River. The garrison then moved south to Wild Horse Creek near Davis. Marker located on OK 59 one mile west of town. This site is sometimes referred to as Old Fort Arbuckle by historians.

Camp at Purcell
(1889), Purcell
A temporary Army encampment, a subpost of Fort Reno, to prevent "Boomers" from entering Indian Territory.


NEED MORE INFO: Federal Fort Gaines (1849) (unknown location); Camp Smith (1834) located 25 miles west of the Washita River (location ?); Camp Martin (1886 - 1887) an Army encampment against the "Boomers" located on Bois d'Arc Creek (somewhere in northeast near Kansas border); Post at Ross' Landing (1836 ?) a Federal post at mouth of Ross Creek in Choctaw Nation (location ?); Camp Prairie Springs (1863) a CSA camp in Choctaw Nation (location ?); Cross Timbers Camp (date and location ?).

Towns:

Western Oklahoma - page 2

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