Adobe Camp |
Camp Alvord |
Auburn Blockhouse |
Bache's Fort |
Camp Burbank | Fort Butte | Camp Colfax | Camp Crook | Camp Currey | Camp Curry
Camp Dahlgren | Fort Dalles | Camp Day | Fort Deposit | Fort Dobie | Camp Drum | Fort Drum
Camp Gibbs | Government Camp | Camp Harney | Fort Harney | Camp Henderson
Fort Henrietta | Camp Humbug | Inskip Station | Fort Klamath | Fort Lee | Camp Lincoln
Fort Lloyd | Camp Logan | Camp Maury | Camp McDowell | Camp Owyhee
Camp Owyhee River | Camp Polk | Camp Randolph | Camp on Rattlesnake Creek
Fort Rock (1) | Rock Fort (2) | Camp C.F. Smith | Camp on the South Fork John Day River
Camp Steele | Fort Sumpter | Camp Union | Visher Creek Fort | Camp Warner | Fort Warner
Fort Wascopam | Camp Watson | Camp Wright
Coastal Oregon - page 1
FORT WIKI - OREGON
(1849), Government Camp
A U.S. cavalry (Dragoon) expedition abandoned their supply wagons here during a winter storm. The following year settlers camped here and named it after the abandoned rusting and rotting supplies.
(1845 - 1846), near Government Camp
Settlers cached their wagons and supplies here for the winter.
(1850 - 1867), The Dalles
Originally known as Camp Drum until 1853, then briefly as Fort Drum before renamed in 1853. This was the only permanent U.S. Army post on the Oregon Trail between Fort Laramie, WY and Fort Vancouver, WA. It also served as a supply base during the Indian campaigns. Rebuilt in 1856, and served mainly as a quartermaster depot after 1861. It was located at the former Methodist Wascopam Mission (1838), which was abandoned in November 1847 after the "Whitman Massacre" in Washington. The museum is in the former Surgeon's Quarters. Also on the museum grounds are the restored 1850's Gardener's Cottage. Owned by the Oregon Historical Society. Located at 500 West 15th and Garrison Streets. Admission fee. Of interest in town is the Rorick House Museum, now the headquarters of the Wasco County Historical Society, which was originally built as an NCO quarters in 1850. The town was first settled in 1852, chartered as Fort Dalles in 1857, but was soon changed to Dalles City.
A North West Co. trading post was first located here in 1820, later abandoned. In January 1848 Fort Lee was built (also known as Fort Wascopam) in the vicinity by the Army. It was a log stockade.
Lewis and Clark camped here in 1805 at a site called Rock Fort (2).
(1859), The Dalles
A temporary Army post on Three Mile Creek during the Wagon Road Expedition to Salt Lake City, UT.
(1829 - 1830), near The Dalles
A civilian trading post or fort, also known as Bache's Post. Attacked and destroyed by Indians.
Fort Henrietta (Park)
(1855 - 1856), Echo
An OR mounted militia 100-foot square stockade with two round bastions. Replaced the Umatilla Indian Agency (built 1852) which was destroyed during the Yakima War in 1855.
(1865), near Ukiah
A temporary OR militia field camp four miles east of town on Camas Creek. After only one week the post moved across the creek and was renamed Camp Humbug by the troopers.
A monument is located here for this fort, probably civilian.
(1862 - 1868), Auburn
A civilian blockhouse built after gold was discovered here. Site located northwest of Salisbury near the Phillips Reservoir.
(1865, 1867), Ironside
A temporary OR Volunteers camp located on South Willow Creek one mile south of town, it was occupied on two separate occasions.
(1865 - 1868), near Prairie City
An OR Volunteers camp located on Strawberry Creek about six miles south of town.
(1864), near Dayville
A temporary OR Cavalry post originally called Camp on the South Fork John Day River.
(1864 - 1869), near Mitchell
A palisaded complex of several log buildings built by the OR Volunteers to protect the Dalles - Canyon City wagon route from the Snake Indians. Site located on Fort (or Camp) Creek, about 15 miles southeast of town, and about five miles southwest of Antone. No remains except for a 1932 monument and several grave markers. The camp was originally located about four miles east on Rock Creek in July 1864 before being relocated in September 1864.
See also Chapter Four - John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Historic Resource Study from NPS
(1865 - 1866), near Sisters
A temporary OR Volunteers encampment on the west bank of Squaw Creek about three miles northeast of town. Possibly moved, or another site of the same name, located five miles west of Prineville on the Crooked River.
(1864), near Post
An OR Cavalry grazing encampment at the north base of the Maury Mountains on Drake Creek. Replaced by Camp Dahlgren.
(1864), near Post
An OR Cavalry grazing encampment at the base of the Maury Mountains, on the south bank of Maury Creek, west of Rimrock Creek. Replaced by Camp Gibbs located five miles west.
(1864), near Paulina
An OR Cavalry foraging camp on Beaver Creek that lasted only one month.
(1865 - 1866), Harney County
Also spelled Currey. Occupied by Volunteers from OR, WA, and CA. Undetermined exact location - at Indian Springs on Silver Creek in Harney County, somewhere near Riley.
(1860), near Riley
A temporary Army encampment on Silver Creek, about 30 miles northwest of Harney Lake.
(1865 - 1866), near Burns
A temporary state militia encampment on the Silvies River, possibly to the south of town. Originally Adobe Camp (1865), a 25-yard square sod-walled post, was located here before being replaced after only two weeks.
(1867 - 1880), near Burns
An Army post located 12 miles east of town on the east side of Rattlesnake Creek. Originally a supply depot named Camp on Rattlesnake Creek, then Camp Steele then Camp Crook, and then Camp Harney. It was designated a fort in 1879.
A temporary Army post at the mouth of the Owyhee River. Also called Camp Owyhee River.
Visher Creek Fort
(1850's ?), Malheur County
A civilian fortification located on the Malheur River at Visher Creek (undetermined location).
(info courtesy of Ted Cook.)
(1850's ?), Danner
A civilian fortified stage station, also known as Inskip Station. The preserved Ruby Ranch House is the oldest building in Malheur County.
(info courtesy of Ted Cook.)
(1864 or 1865), near Rome
A temporary OR Volunteer Cavalry camp on Crooked Creek. Site located just south of the US 95 bridge over Crooked Creek.
Camp C.F. Smith
(1866 - 1869), Whitehorse Ranch
An OR Volunteers camp on Whitehorse Creek just north of town that replaced Camp Alvord.
(1864 - 1866), near Andrews
An OR Volunteers post near Alvord Lake. Replaced by Camp C.F. Smith.
(1866 - 1874), Fort Warner Ranch
A temporary Federal winter camp originally located 20 miles east of Warner (Hart) Lake. Possibly also known as Camp Burbank. It was moved in 1867 to about 15 miles west of Warner (Hart) Lake on Honey Creek, east of Valley Falls, as a permanent post. The new post was also sometimes known as Fort Warner, but it was never officially designated a fort.
Fort Rock (1) (State Natural Area)
(no date), Fort Rock
An ancient volcano crater noted on the early pioneer trails.
Located nearby is the Fort Rock Valley Homestead Village Museum depicting early settler life in the area.
(1863 - 1890), Fort Klamath
Originally a settlers fort, later garrisoned by the OR Cavalry to protect the travel routes. The Modoc War ended here with the capture of Captain Jack in 1873. The Klamath Indian Agency was located five miles south. There are no remains of the original fort. The Fort Klamath Museum is in a replica of the guardhouse.
(1860), near Keno
A temporary Federal camp just west of town that protected the Klamath Road.
NEED MORE INFO: Fort Butte on Badger Creek west of Simnasho, Wasco County; Fort Sumpter at Sumpter, Baker County; Old Stage Station near Quartz Mountain, Lake County.
Towns: Camp Sherman in Jefferson County
Coastal Oregon - page 1
QUESTIONS ? Please send any corrections and/or additions to this list to:
Updates @ NorthAmericanForts.com