American Forts: West

UTAH

Fort Ashley | Camp Battle Creek Settlement | Camp on Bear River | Fort Bear River | Camp Beaver Creek
Camp Bingham Creek | Bingham's Fort | Camp on Birch Creek | Brown's Fort | Fort Buenaventura
Call's Fort | Canyon Station | Fort Kit Carson | Cedar Fort | Camp Cedar Swamps | Camp Church Buttes
Camp Conness | Fort Crittenden | Fort Davis | Camp at Deep Creek Station | Camp Defiance | Camp Dodge
Camp Douglas | Fort Douglas | Fort Duchesne | Echo Canyon Breastworks | Camp in Echo Canyon
Fairfield Fort | Camp at Farmington | Farmington Stockade | Farr's Fort | Fish Springs Station | Camp Floyd
Goodyear's Fort | Camp at Government Springs | Grouse Creek Fort | Fort Herriman | Kamas Fort
Kaysville Fort | Camp Kent | Fort Kingston | Logan Fort | Camp on Lolos Creek
Camp at Loveland's | Fort Malad | Mound Fort | Mountain Green Post | Moyle's Turret
Camp Murray | North Fort | Ogden Station | Ogden Stockade | Camp Parker | Camp Porter
Fort Provo | Camp Rawlins | Fort Rawlins | Camp Relief | Fort Richmond | Fort Robidoux (1)
Fort Robidoux (2) | Rock Fort | Round Station | Camp Rush Valley | Sage Bottom Fort
Salt Lake City Fort | Salt Lake City Post | Camp Shunk | Smithfield Fort | South Fort | Fort Sowiette
Summit Creek Fort | (Old) Fort Thornburgh | New Fort Thornburgh | Camp Timpanagos | Camp Tyler
Fort Uintah | Fort Union | Fort Utah | Camp Williams | Willow Fort | Fort Wintey | Fort Wordsworth

Southern Utah - page 2

FORT WIKI - UTAH

Last Update: 05/JULY/2010
Compiled by Phil and Pete Payette - 2010 American Forts Network

Grouse Creek Fort
(1878), Grouse Creek
A Mormon settlers' settlement of closely-spaced log cabins for defense.

Camp Church Buttes
(1865), near Great Salt Lake

Camp Cedar Swamps
(1863), near Promontory
A temporary camp of CA Cavalry on the northeast shore of Great Salt Lake.

Fort Malad
(1855 - 1858), Washakie
A Mormon settlers' adobe fort enclosing several log cabins on the east side of the Malad River across from town.

Camp Relief
(1864), Webster Junction
A temporary CA Cavalry post, located east of Lewiston.

Fort Richmond
(1859 - unknown), Richmond
A Mormon settlers' log fort. Site along Cherry Street.

Smithfield Fort
(1860 - 1862), Smithfield
A Mormon settlers' palisaded (?) log-cabin complex for 70 families. The town was originally named Summit.

Logan Fort
(1859 - unknown), Logan
A Mormon settlers' palisaded (?) log-cabin fort for 100 families.

Camp on Bear River
(1859), near Randolph
A temporary Federal post on the Bear River, near the Wyoming border.

Fort Bear River
(1867 - unknown), Bear River City
A Mormon settlers' palisaded 10-acre fort enclosing several log cabins.

Fort (William) Davis
(1851 - 1852), Brigham City
A Mormon settlers' defensive log-cabin complex. Abandoned after an insect infestation. Later called the Old Fort after Call's Fort was built.

Anson Call's Fort
(1853 - unknown), Brigham City
A Mormon settlers' fort. It was not palisaded. Site marked by a stone monument.

Camp Defiance
(1832), Weber County ?
A Rocky Mountain Fur Co. trading post, located somewhere on the mythical "waters of the Bonaventura", as mentioned in William Sublette's journals. This was probably the Weber River, somewhere near Ogden.

Fort Buenaventura (State Historic Park)
(1846 - 1852), Ogden
Originally a stockaded four-cabin trading post called Miles Goodyear's Fort. The Mormons bought the post in 1847 for $1,950. In 1850 a flood wrecked the fort so it was moved southeast on higher ground and renamed Capt. James Brown's Fort. It was the first permanent white settlement in the state. The current structure is a faithful reconstruction on the original site, at 2450 "A" Avenue. Goodyear's original cabin was moved into the State Relief Society Building in Tabernacle Park. Admission fee.

Erastus Bingham's Fort
(1853 - unknown), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' adobe and rock fort. About 700 people sought shelter here in 1853 from Indian attacks. Although it was ordered to be abandoned in 1855, the fort remained occupied for several years. Located near Second Street and Wall Avenue.

Lorin Farr's Fort
(1850 - 1853), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' five-acre log fort, about one block north of the river near present-day 12th Street and Canyon Road.

Mound Fort
(1853 - unknown), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' fort located around a natural clay mound, in the vicinity of today's Washington Ave. and 12th Street.

Ogden Stockade
(1854 - unknown), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' adobe fort complex located between present-day 20th and 28th Streets, and Madison and Wall Aves.. It was never completed.

Fort Kingston
(1861 - 1862), Ogden
Stronghold of Joseph Morris who tried to reform or split the Mormon Church. The Mormon Militia attacked the fort and killed Morris and several of his followers (June 1862).

Ogden Station
(1878), Ogden
A Federal post.

Mountain Green Post
(1825), Mountain Green
A short-lived Hudson's Bay Company trading post built by Peter Ogden.

Kaysville Fort
(1854 - 1858), Kaysville
Built by Mormon settlers. It was never completed and never actually used.

Farmington Stockade
(1854 - unknown), Farmington
An adobe-walled stockade was erected around the Mormon settlement, enclosing 112 lots, with seven gates.

Army troops established Camp at Farmington in 1863.

Echo Canyon Breastworks
(1857 - 1858), near Echo
Stone breastworks were built by Mormon pioneers along the narrow Echo Canyon gorge to thwart a potential Federal invasion to supress a rumored Mormon rebellion. The stoneworks still remain.

Camp in Echo Canyon
(1859), near Echo
A temporary Federal encampment. Exact location undetermined.

Rock Fort
(Rockport State Park)
(1865 - unknown), near Wanship
A Mormon settlers' stone-walled fort. Ruins still exist. The settlement was first established in 1860. The settlers were advised to evacuate to Wanship, four miles north, during Indian troubles, but they chose to remain and build the fort for protection. The settlement's name later became Rockport.

Sage Bottom Fort
(1867 - unknown), Peoa
A Mormon settlers' fort.

Kamas Fort
(1868 - 1870), Kamas
A Mormon settlers' fort.

Salt Lake City Fort
(1847 - unknnown), Salt Lake City
Mormon settlers built this log and adobe fort complex which is actually a combination of two forts, North Fort at Pioneer Park, and South Fort.

Salt Lake City Post
(1865 - 1866), Salt Lake City
This CA Infantry post specifically guarded the Territorial capital.

Fort Douglas (U.S. Military Reservaton)
(University of Utah - Fort Douglas)
(1862 - 1991/present), Salt Lake City
Built by CA Volunteers and named Camp Douglas. Rebuilt largely with stone beginning in 1876, and renamed in 1878. It protected trails from Indian raiders, and it allowed the Army to keep an eye on the Mormons. In 1901 the post was designated a permanent reservation. In 1898 during the Spanish-American War, the Army Regulars were withdrawn for overseas duty. State troops were then mobilized and trained at the post. One of the training camps was known as Camp Kent. The post was used as a Regular Army mobilization center and training camp during the two World Wars, and was also used to house German POW's during WWII. The Army left in 1991, but the Utah National Guard and Army Reserves still use a portion of the post. The Military Museum is in the Quartermaster Victoria Infantry Barracks (1875), and is operated by the U.S. Army Center of Military History. Many of the original garrison buildings remain on the present campus of the University of Utah. Most of the original reservation was given to the University of Utah in 1979.

Camp Murray
(1885), Murray
A Federal camp of instruction.

Fort Union
(1853 - 1870's ?), Union
A Mormon settlers' town fort. The adobe walls were 12 feet high, six feet thick at the base, with numerous gun portholes. Provided protection for 23 families within the compound. Remains still existed until the 1990's when the site was bulldozed for development. Site located near 7200 South Street and 1300 East Street.
(info courtesy of George Hill)

Camp Bingham Creek
(1864), Bingham Canyon
A California Volunteers encampment near a gold mine. Previously a logging camp of Mormon pioneers. Site on Bingham Creek about ten miles east of Tooele.

Fort Herriman
(1854 - 1858), Herriman
A Mormon settlers' two-acre adobe fort located near Riverton.

Willow Fort
(1850's), Draper
A Mormon settlers' fort at South Willow, now a part of Draper. Site is now a town park with a monument.
(info courtesy of Alan Kinckiner)

Fort Wordsworth
(1850's), Alpine
A Mormon settlers' fort that was later expanded. A monument is in town.

Moyle's Turret was located outside the fort walls.

Camp W.G. Williams (State Military Reservation)
(1914 - present), Camp Williams
A UT National Guard combat training area on 28,000 acres. Became a permanent post in 1926 and was formally named in 1928. Federalized in 1941 and became a subpost of Fort Douglas for WWII training purposes. Returned to state control in 1944, with state guard training resuming in 1947. Still in use.

Camp Conness
(1855, 1859, 1864, 1866, 1869), Rush Valley
An intermittant encampment of CA Volunteers and later Army Regulars, located about 23 miles west of Camp Floyd. Also called Camp Rush Valley in 1859. This was also a grazing area for horses from Fort Douglas and Camp Floyd.

Cedar Fort
(1855 - 1860's), Cedar Fort
A Mormon settlers' stone fort. Raided by soldiers from Camp Floyd in 1858 in revenge of the killing of a sergeant. Briefly garrisoned by Army troops in 1863 (Detachment at Cedar Fort). Mostly destroyed in the 1970's, however portions of the west and south adobe walls still remain.
(additional info courtesy of George Hill)

Camp Floyd
(Camp Floyd / Stagecoach Inn State Historic Park)
(1858 - 1862), Fairfield
This post had the largest Federal troop concentration in the U.S. at the time. The troops were sent here to suppress a Mormon rebellion that never came. They took over a Mormon settlers' rock fort that was already here (Fairfield Fort (1856 - 1858)). It was renamed Fort Crittenden in 1861 before it was abandoned. The Overland Mail Company bought much of the post in 1862 before it was temporarily re-occupied by the Army. Replaced by Camp Douglas. The camp once had 400 buildings. Only the cemetery and commissary remain. Admission fee.

Camp Shunk
(1858), near Vernon
A temporary Federal post located about 25 miles southwest of Camp Floyd.

Beaver Creek Camp
(1849), Pleasant Grove
A Mormon settlers' otherwise unnamed armed camp for defense against Ute Indians, established prior to the formal creation of the settlement. Located 36 miles south of Salt Lake City.

An Army post known as Camp Battle Creek Settlement was here in 1859.

Camp Timpanagos
(1859), near Provo
A temporary Federal post on the Timpanagos (Provo) River, about eight miles from town.

Fort (William) Ashley
(1825 - 1828), Provo
An independent fur trading post. In 1826 it was armed with one cannon before the post was sold to the Rocky Mountain Fur Company.

Fort Utah
(1849 - 1858), Provo
A Mormon settlers' fort originally called Fort Provo, it consisted of a cluster of log cabins, with only one cannon for its defense. A second fort, nicknamed Fort Sowiette, was built on or adjacent to the site in 1853. A replica of the first fort is on the original site at Sowiette Park. Tours by appointment only. Original cabins from the second fort are at North Park Museum in Pioneer Memorial Park.

Camp Dodge
(1865 - 1866), Provo
A garrison post of Nevada Volunteers.

Camp Rawlins
(1870 - 1871), Provo
A temporary Federal tent camp in town. A permanent site for Fort Rawlins was selected two miles east of town on the north bank of the Timpanogos (Provo) River, but it was never built.

Summit Creek Fort
(1856 - unknown), Santaquin
A fort was built when Mormon settlers returned after abandoning the original settlement here in 1853 as a result of the "Walker War". The town was originally known as Summit Creek until sometime after 1866.

Fish Springs Station
(1863), Fish Springs
A fortified Overland stage station.

Canyon Station
(1864), near Goshute
A fortified Overland stage station northeast of town, 12 miles from Deep Creek Station.

Camp at Deep Creek Station
(1864), near Ibapah
CA Volunteers garrisoned this Overland stage station.

Fort Robidoux (1) (Monument)
(1832 - 1834), Ouray
An adobe-walled trading post located across the White River from town. Also known as Antoine Robidoux' Fort (1). Kit Carson established winter quarters here in 1833 - 1834, known as Fort Kit Carson. The monument is on US 40.

(Old) Fort Thornburgh
(1881 - 1882), near Ouray
A Federal post established after the Ute Black Hawk War. Site originally located at the junction of the White and Green Rivers. Moved northeast 35 miles in the spring of 1882 to Ashley Creek, near Vernal, it was then known as New Fort Thornburgh (see below).

Fort Duchesne
(Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation)
(1886 - 1910), Fort Duchesne
A Federal fort established by the famed "Buffalo Soldiers" (U.S. 9th Cavalry) to control the Uncompahgre and White River Utes. Later became the Indian Agency for the reservation. Located here is the Ute Tribal Museum.

Fort Uintah
(1837 - 1844), near Whiterocks
A trading post located on the Whiterocks River, more commonly called Fort Wintey. It was also known as Antoine Robidoux' Fort (2), or Fort Robidoux (2) (1837 - 1838). Destroyed by Ute Indians in 1844.

New Fort Thornburgh
(1882 - 1884), near Vernal
Relocated from the White River, near Ouray (see above), to Ashley Creek, about four miles northwest of town, the soldiers lived in tents until the spring of 1883 when the first adobe buildings were built, but squatters had settled the area by then, and the government could not obtain clear title to the land, so the fort was abandoned the following winter.


NEED MORE INFO: Undetermined locations for Federal Army camps: Camp on Birch Creek (1859); Camp on Lolos Creek (1860); Camp Porter (1859); Camp Tyler (1859); Camp at Government Springs (1863); Camp at Loveland's (1864); Camp Parker (date ?). Some sites possibly located in southern Utah or eastern Nevada.
A Mormon settlers' fort Round Station (1863) in Overland Canyon (location ?).

Southern Utah - page 2

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