Eastern Kentucky

Big Sandy Blockhouse | Fort Bishop | D. Boone's Station (3) | Camp Buckner | Camp Buell
Camp Calvert | Cassidy's Station | Fort Churchill | Collins' Station (3) | James Collins' Station
Joel Collins' Station | Davis' Station (1) | Defeated Camp | Fort Farragut | Camp Finnell
Camp Flat Lick | Fleming's Station | Fort Foote | Fort Gallup | Camp Garber | Gilbert's Station
Camp Gill | Gilmore's Station | Graham's Station | Harman's Station | Harmon's Blockhouse
Herman's Station | Fort Hill (1) | Camp Hopeless Chase | Post at the Iron Works
Camp Andy Johnson | Landford's Station | Langford's Station | Licking Station (2)
Fort Lyon | Fort McCook | Middleton's Station | Mills Station | Modrel's Station
Paint Lick Station (2) | Fort Pequod | Fort Pitt | Camp Pound Gap | Prater's Fort
Preston's Station | Fort Rains | Slate Blockhouse | Spurlock's Station | Station Camp
Stockton's Station (2) | Camp Swigert | Camp Ten Mile | Thomas' Station (2)
Vancouver's (Fort) BH | Camp Wadsworth | T. Walker's Cabin | Camp Wallace
Camp Wildcat | Wood's Blockhouse

Northern Kentucky - page 1 | North Central Kentucky - page 2
South Central Kentucky - page 3 | Western Kentucky - page 5

KENTUCKY'S CIVIL WAR HERITAGE TRAIL

Last Update: 11/APRIL/2016
Compiled by Pete Payette - 2016 American Forts Network

Camp Swigert
(1861 - 1862 ?), Wurtland
A Union recruiting / training camp on 20-25 acres. Marker on US 23.

Fort Bishop
(1864 - 1865), Louisa
A Union seven-gun fort. Also named Fort Gallup and Fort Hill (1). A marker is on US 23 Bypass.

Located in the general area was Union Camp Wallace.

Camp Gill
(1860's), Olympia Springs
A temporary Civil War camp.

Camp Wadsworth
(1860's), Hazel Green
A temporary Civil War camp.

Station Camp
(1769), West Irvine
Daniel Boone's winter hunting camp, with John Findlay, John Stuart, and others, on Station Camp Creek at the Kentucky River. Marker at KY 52 and KY 499.

Camp Buell
(1860's), near Paintsville
A Union camp. Undetermined location.

Camp Hopeless Chase
(1860's), Pikeville
A temporary Confederate camp.

Camp Finnell
(1860's), Pikeville
A Union camp.

Camp Pound Gap
(1862), near Jenkins
A CSA camp located at Pound Gap on Cumberland Mountain. Attacked and destroyed by the Union in 1862.

Cumberland Gap Forts
(Cumberland Gap National Historic Park)
(1861 - 1866), near Middlesboro
Originally fortified by the Confederates in August 1861. CSA Fort Rains was renamed Fort McCook by the Union in June 1862, and Fort Pitt was renamed Fort Lyon. The surviving earthworks of Fort McCook and Fort Lyon can be seen from the park's Pinnacle Overlook Drive. The Wilderness Road Trail, beginning at the Iron Furnace unit of the National Park in the town of Cumberland Gap, TN, leads to the Cumberland Gap Monument, Tri-State Park, and the sites of Fort Foote, Fort Farragut, and a Union commissary. Cumberland Gap changed hands at least three times before September 1863. The defenses were abandoned each time due to the difficulty of getting supplies through the terrain. They were never actually attacked in force.
Other forts and camps located in the area include: Union Camp Calvert (location ?), and CSA Fort Churchill (location ?).

Camp Buckner
(1861), Pineville
A CSA recruitment camp at the Cumberland Ford, and the base from which the attack on Barbourville (September 1861) was initiated.

Camp Flat Lick or
(1860's), Flat Lick
A temporary Civil War camp.

Nearby (or the same site ?) was Union Camp Garber.

In the near vicinity was CSA Camp Ten Mile (1861), reportedly located ten miles on the march from Camp Buckner to Wildcat Mountain.

Dr. Thomas Walker's Cabin (State Historic Site)
(1750), near Barbourville
A replica of Walker's log cabin is here. Although not fortified, it was the first pioneer cabin in the state. Walker's Expedition in 1750 was the first documented to venture through Cumberland Gap.

Camp Andy Johnson
(1861), Barbourville
A state militia training camp for Tennessee Unionists. Attacked and destroyed by Confederates one month later (September 1861). See also Battle of Barbourville

Fort Pequod
(1860's), near Portersville
A CSA fort, located two miles west of town, in Clay County.

Defeated Camp
(Levi Jackson Wilderness Road State Park)
(1786), near London
Defeated Camp Pioneer Burial Ground marks the location of the 1786 McNitt Massacre, where 24 members of the McNitt party were killed by Shawnees on the Boone's Trace. Walkable portions of the original 1775 trace still exist, as well as the 1796 Wilderness Road.

About 3000 feet north of the cemetery was the location of Thomas' Station (2) (1798 ?).

Camp Wildcat
(Daniel Boone National Forest)
(1861), near Livingston
A Union camp on Wildcat Mountain. A marker locates the site on US 25. Some earthworks/trenches still remain. The Battle of Wildcat Mountain was in October 1861. See also Wildcat Reenactment.org


Early Pioneer Stations and Forts

Lewis County:
Mills Station (1790), undetermined location. The home of William Thompson, not a "station" in the traditional sense.

Fleming County:
Richard (or Major George) Stockton's Station (2) (1787), Flemingsburg. First of three forts built in area.
Michael Cassidy's Station (1788 ?), about two miles southwest of Flemingsburg on Cassidy Creek. Marker located at KY 32 and Cassidy Road.
Col. John Fleming's Station (1788 or 1790), Flemingsburg.

Bath County
Slate Blockhouse (1788), at Slate Creek (Bourbon) Furnace on Slate Creek. Garrisoned by the KY state militia in 1790 - 1796 with 17 men, known as Post at the Iron Works.
Gilmore's Station (1792), located 12 miles east of Mount Sterling on Slate Creek, possibly near Peeled Oak.

Lawrence County:
Harmon's Blockhouse (1787 - 1789), Louisa. Abandoned after an Indian attack.
Charles Vancouver's (Fort) Blockhouse (1789 - 1790), Louisa. Also known as Big Sandy Blockhouse.

Johnson County:
Mathias Harman's Station (1787 or 1789 - 1803 ?), near Auxier, on the Levisa Fork Big Sandy River at John's Creek. Also spelled Herman. Area known as "Blockhouse Bottom".
Paint Lick Station (2) (1790), Paintsville. Built by Col. John Preston. Marker located at US 23 and Jefferson Ave.

Magoffin County:
Licking Station (2) (1800), Salyersville, on the Licking River. Also known as Archibald Prater's Fort. Possibly established as early as 1794. A monument to Prater and other early settlers is located at the community center.

Floyd County:
John Spurlock's Station (1791), Prestonburg. Also called Preston's Station.
John Graham's Station (date ?), on Levisa Fork Big Sandy River near Dwale.

Owsley County:
Daniel Boone's Station (3) (1780 - 1781), Booneville. Daniel Boone's winter camp. Marker at the county courthouse. Town was named in 1843.

Rockcastle County:
Stephen Langford's Station (1790 or 1792), Mt. Vernon. The original blockhouse or log cabin still exists, now located behind the county courthouse. Also spelled Landford. Originally located south of town on East Fork Scagg Creek. Stephen died in 1811.

Laurel County:
Lt. Robert Modrel's Station (1792), a small local militia garrison on the Little Laurel River about five miles southeast of London to protect travellers on the Wilderness Road.
Wood's Blockhouse (1793), seven miles north of London near Oakley on Hazel Patch Creek.
Lt. Walter Middleton's Station (1792), a small local militia garrison on Turkey Creek (location ?) .

Clay County:
James Collins' Station (1798), on Goose Creek somewhere near Manchester.

Knox County:
Joel Collins' Station (1792), on the Wilderness Road at Richland Creek, possibly somewhere north of Barbourville. A stockade built by the local militia to protect travellers.

Bell County:
Davis' Station (1) (1790's), on Little Yellow Creek southeast of Middlesboro.


NEED MORE INFO: Somewhere on the Wilderness Road was Gilbert's Station (1786); Collins' Station (3) (1790's ?) somewhere on the Rockcastle River (county ?).

Northern Kentucky - page 1 | North Central Kentucky - page 2
South Central Kentucky - page 3 | Western Kentucky - page 5

QUESTIONS ? Please send any corrections and/or additions to this list to:
"Updates" at NorthAmericanForts.com


Eastern Forts