Fort Adventure |
Fort Anderson |
Camp Asylum |
Aubrey's Fort |
Barker's Fort |
Fort Boone (1) | Boon's Fort (2) | Brandon's Camp | Brook's Fort | Brown's Factory
Fort Bull (1) | Bull Town Fort | Camden Powder Magazine (2) | Post at Camden | Fort at Canos
Catawba Fort | Fort Charlotte | Camp Cheraw | Coleman's Fort | Columbia Armory
Columbia Arsenal | Congaree Fort (1) | Fort Congaree (2) | Fort Dearborn | Camp Dewey
Fort Dreadnaught | Dreher's Fort | Dryer's Fort | Earle's Fort | Camp Ellerbe | Eloson's Fort
Fletchall's Fort | Florence Stockade | Camp Fornance | Francis' Fort | Camp Fuller
Gallman's Fort | Fort Galphin | Camp Geiger | Gordon's Fort | Gowen's Fort | Gowen's Old Fort
Fort Granby | Camp Gregg | Camp at Hanging Rock | Hayes' Station | Hearn's Fort
Helm's Fort | Fort Holmes | Fort Independence | Camp Jackson | Fort Jackson | Camp Johnson
Fort Keowee | Fort Lawn | Camp Lee | Lee's Fort | Long Canes Fort | Lyle's Fort
Lyndley's Fort | Fort Lyttleton (2) | McDowell's Camp | McGowan's Blockhouse
Fort Madison | Fort Middleton | Fort Mill | Fort Moore | Fort Motte | Mount Dearborn Arsenal
Murray's Fort | Musgrove's Fort | Fort Ninety-Six | Nixon's Fort | Fort Nohucke
Norwood's Station | Oconee Station | Orangeburg Post | Otterson's Fort
Palmetto Iron Works | Patton's Fort | Pearson's Fort | Pennington's Fort | Fort Pickens (1)
Poole's Fort | Prince's Fort | Fort Prince George (2) | Camp Prospect | Raiford's Fort
Rhall's Fort | Camp at Rocky Mount | Fort Rutledge | Salkehatchie Works | Fort Salvador
Fort Santo Tomás | Savannah River Site Defenses | Schenckingh's Fort | Schinkins's Fort
Camp Sevier | Sherman's Battery | Camp Sorghum | Star Fort | Stevens Creek Fort
Stockade Fort | Thicketty Fort | Tobler's Fort | Turner's Fort | Fort Upton
Vince's Fort | Camp Wadsworth | H.(J.) Waggener's Fort (1) | H.(J.) Wagner's Fort (1)
Fort Watson | Camp Wetherill | Fort Williamson | Camp at Williamson's Plantation
Winnsboro Encampment | Wofford's Fort | Fort Woods
North Coastal South Carolina - page 1 | Greater Charleston Area I - page 2
Greater Charleston Area II - page 3 | Port Royal Sound Area - page 4
SOUTH CAROLINA HISTORY TRAIL
(1760 - 1761), near Padgett ?
A settlers' fort built during the upcountry Cherokee War troubles. Located somewhere between the Little Salkehatchie River and Buckhead Creek. Exact location undetermined.
(Rivers Bridge State Historic Site)
Preserved seven-gun CSA earthworks located at Rivers Bridge, and a 12-gun CSA fort and earthworks south at Broxton Bridge Plantation (private property, guided tours for fee), which defended the Salkehatchie River during Sherman's March (February 1865). This is the only Civil War battlefield in the state preserved as a state park. See also INFO and PHOTOS from SC Dept. of Archives and History
Thomas Barker's Fort
(1760 - 1761), near Ulmer ?
A settlers' fort built during the upcountry Cherokee War troubles. Located somewhere on the west bank of the Salkehatchie River northeast of Allendale. Exact location undetermined.
(1770's), Barnwell County
A settlers' fort. A battle occurred here in 1781.
Savannah River Site AAA Defenses
(Savannah River Site - U.S. Dept. of Energy)
(1953 - 1960), near Jackson
The Atomic Energy Commission's Savannah River Site (now U.S. Dept. of Energy) was protected by a 90mm AA gun battery and two 75mm Skysweeper AA gun batteries during the early days of the Cold War. The 90mm battery was converted to 75mm in 1956. NIKE missiles were never emplaced here.
(1760 - 1781), Silver Bluff
Originally a brick home and trading post built by George Galphin in 1752, it was first fortified in 1760 against Cherokee raids. The trading post was later taken over by the British in 1780 (after Galphin died) and palisaded, renamed Fort Dreadnought. It was captured and destroyed by Patriots (May 1781), the captured supplies then used for the attack on Augusta, GA. The brick house still stood until the 1870's. George Galphin originally established his first trading post here in the early 1740's. See also Fort Galphin Archaeology from Groover Research
John Tobler's Fort
(1760 - 1761), near Beech Island
A settlers' fortified blockhouse on the Savannah River, about one mile below (south of) Fort Moore. Swiss immigrants led by John Tobler first settled here in the 1730's.
(1716 - 1746), Beech Island
Built after the Yamassee War by the SC colonial militia for protection against further Indian attacks. Located at New Windsor, a former Shawnee Indian village also known as Savannah Town. A 150-foot square work with a 4.5-foot high planked wall, it had barracks for 100 men, a commander's house, magazines, and storehouses. There were no defensive earthworks or moat (ditch). A marker is located at the end of Sand Bar Ferry Road at the Savannah River. A band of Chickasaw Indians relocated here in 1727 and set up a village and trading post, which lasted until 1766. Site surveyed in 1971 before bulldozed for development. Additional site excavations made in 2001-2002. See also Fort Moore Archaeology from Groover Research
Fort Ninety-Six (National Historic Site)
(1759 - 1775, 1780 - 1781), Ninety Six FORT WIKI
Originally a SC colonial militia square stockade built around settler Robert Goudey's barn, known as Fort Middleton, built to protect against the Cherokee. Attacked twice in 1760 (February and March). The stockade was rebuilt in May 1761. The fort was supposedly 96 miles from Fort Prince George (2) / Keowee, hence the name of the original settlement. The British took over the town in November 1775 and unsuccessfully lay seige to the Patriots at nearby Major Andrew Williamson's Fort (aka Fort Williamson) (1775), a square breastwork. The British returned in force in 1780, and built a stockade around the town, the palisaded earthwork Star Fort to the northeast, and several blockhouses. The British built the palisaded Fort Holmes (aka Stockade Fort) (1781) around the farmhouse of Loyalist James Holmes, to protect the spring that was the sole water supply of Fort Ninety Six. This was roughly on the same site as the earlier Williamson's Fort. The fortified town was unsuccessfuly attacked by Patriot forces in May-June 1781. See also Settlement of the Carolina Backcountry from NPS
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James Francis' Fort
(1751 - 1755 ?), near Greenwood
A settlers' fort located about three miles east of town. Exact location undetermined. Francis was the principal leader of the early Ninety-Six area settlers, captaining the provincial rangers in 1748 and 1755.
Boon's Fort (2)
(1770's), near Greenwood
A settlers' fort located west of Fort Ninety-Six, shown on a 1779 map.
John Murray's Fort
(1764), Greenwood County
A settlers' fort located on Hard Labor Creek about ten miles or so south of Greenwood. Exact location undetermined. Built in response to Creek raids on the Long Canes settlements.
Capt. James Lyndley's Fort
(1760's - 1780's ?), near Ekom
A Loyalist settlers' fort, north of town on Fort Lindley Road. A battle occurred here in July 1776.
Eloson's Fort ? or ?
(1770's), Laurens County
A settlers' fort located somewhere near Lyndley's Fort.
(1770's), near Milton ?
A settlers' fort. Attacked and captured by the British in 1781, killing Hayes and several others. This was known as the Hayes' Station Massacre.
Stevens Creek Fort
(1760 - 1761), near Plum Branch ?
A settlers' stockaded fort located somewhere on the west side of Stevens Creek, southeast of McCormick, built in April 1760 about two months after the beginning of the Cherokee War. Exact location undetermined.
Long Canes Fort
(1760 - 1761), near Buffalo ?
A settlers' stockaded fort located on the east side of Long Canes Creek, about five miles northwest of McCormick. It was built several months (April 1760 ?) after the Long Canes Creek Massacre of February 1760, the beginning of the Cherokee War.
(1760 - 1761), McCormick County
A settlers' fort built during the Cherokee War, located somewhere on the Savannah River near the Long Canes Creek settlements. Exact location undetermined.
(1765 - 1768, 1775 - 1779), near Mount Carmel
A SC colonial militia stone fort on the Savannah River at the old townsite of Vienna, opposite the mouth of the Broad River (near the end of present-day County Road 91). Captured by Patriots in July 1775, the first overt act against the British Crown in the state, and renamed Fort Independence. Attacked by British / Loyalist forces in January or February 1779. The ruins of this fort became a popular dueling spot after that sport was outlawed in Georgia. The actual site of the 50-by-40-foot two-bastioned fort is now under J. Strom Thurmond Lake, impounded in 1954. A small memorial and marker is located by the lake shore in the Mount Carmel Campground (seasonal). Another State marker is on SC 81 in town.
(1770's), near Calhoun Falls
A settlers' fort located on a hill at the "Cherokee Ford" on the Savannah River. After being refused passage, British/Loyalist forces bypassed the Patriot garrison here in February 1779, crossing the river five miles further north near Van's Creek (above present McCalla Island), just prior to the Battle of Kettle Creek in Georgia (February 1779). Actual site of the ford (near Carter Island) now inundated by the waters of Richard B. Russell Lake.
Bull Town Fort
(1770's), near Calhoun Falls
A settlers' fort. Some ruins may possibly remain.
Fort Boone (1)
(1764), near Charleston Crossroads ?
A SC colonial militia fort located on Capt. Patrick Calhoun's plantation "Cane Hill" on or near Calhoun Creek, about eight miles southeast of Calhoun Falls. Built in response to Creek raids on the Long Canes settlements.
Arthur Patton's Fort
(1764), Abbeville County
A settlers' refuge fort located somewhere along the Little River near Calhoun Falls, built to protect against Creek raids in the Long Canes settlements.
(1810's ?), Old Madison
A plantation and later settlement on the Tugaloo River named as such by James Doyle. No actual fort is believed to have ever been built here.
(1780's), Oconee County
A settlers' station somewhere along the Tugaloo River basin.
A Patriot fort, also sometimes referred to as Fort Salvador, located on or near the site of the Cherokee Seneca Old Town. A battle occurred here in August 1776 between Partiot forces and the Indians. A small monument (1908) is located on the grounds of Clemson University behind Tillman Hall, at the end of Dyke Road. The exact location is lost to history, possibly now under Lake Hartwell. John C. Calhoun's mansion "Fort Hill", originally built in 1803 and later bought by his mother-in-law, was named in reference to this fort.
Oconee Station (State Historic Site)
(1750's - 1760's, 1792 - 1799), Mountain Rest
A stone blockhouse built by the SC colonial militia under Lt. Col. Archibald Montgomery for protection against the Cherokee Indians. British troops may have been garrisoned here during the Cherokee War in 1760 - 1762. Later became a trading post. The SC state militia were again garrisoned here during Indian troubles in the 1790's. Nearby is an 1805 brick house built by William Richards, which also served as a stage stop.
Fort Prince George (2)
(1753 - 1768), near Old Pickens
A SC colonial militia fort, also known as Fort Keowee, located across the Keowee River from the old Cherokee town of Keowee. The fort was a 100-foot square palisaded earthwork with four bastions, with a commandant's quarters, barracks, storehouse, magazine, kitchen, and guardhouse. The fort was rebuilt in 1756 and 1765. Attacked by Cherokees in January - May 1760. Garrisoned by elements of the British Royal American Regiment after 1764. Site was excavated in 1966 - 1968 prior to the impoundment of Lake Keowee in 1971.
Fort Pickens (1)
(1810's ?, 1830's ?), Old Pickens
Located three miles south of the site of Fort Prince George (2).
(1898 - 1899), Greenville FORT WIKI
A Spanish-American War winter camp for northern troops. The northern section was located near the intersection of Main Street and Stone Avenue, north of Earle Street between Buncombe Street and Wade Hampton Boulevard. The southern section was located just north of the Dunean area, south and east of Anderson Street stretching beyond Mills Mill, south and east of the Norfolk Southern Railroad tracks. The camp headquarters was located on the site of Greenville General Hospital at 101 Malland Street.
(1917 - 1919), Wade Hampton / Taylors FORT WIKI
A Federalized National Guard training encampment and demobilization center for the 30th "Old Hickory" Division. Located at the old 1912 Paris High School (demolished 1976) and around Mountain Creek, the site was returned to local control after the war. Several structure foundations still exist. A former munitions storehouse still remains on East Warehouse Court, west of Artillery Road. Monument (1934) located at 1086 West Lee Road, east of Pine Knoll Drive. State marker located at 2801 Wade Hampton Blvd., at Artillery Road.
Gowen's Fort (2)
A settlers' fort. A battle occurred here in 1781.
Gowen's Old Fort (1)
(1770's), near Landrum
A settlers' fort on the South Pacolet River east of Gowensville. Site located on Pardo Road. Loyalist (Tory) troops were camped here in July 1780 when attacked by Patriot forces.
Col. John Earle's Fort
(1750's), Spartanburg County ?
A settlers' fort located near the state border.
Col. Charles McDowell's Camp
(1780), near North Pacolet
A Patriot militia encampment on the North Pacolet River near the state border. Loyalists attacked in July 1780.
A SC colonial militia fort.
William Prince's Fort
(1760's - 1780's), Wellford
A settlers' circular timber fort, moated with an abatis, originally erected to protect against the Cherokee Indians, later used by Patriot forces in 1777, and also later used by British and Loyalist troops in 1780 - 1781. Located on the North Fork Tyger River. Marker (1977) on US 29 across from the Fort Prince Cemetery. D.A.R. monument located in the field next to the cemetery.
(1917 - 1919), Spartansburg FORT WIKI
A Federalized National Guard training encampment and demobilization center for the 27th Division. Located three miles west of the city. Site now Westgate Mall.
(1776 - unknown), near Glendale
A settlers' fort.
(1776 - 1780), Thicketty
A Tory settlers' fort built by Capt. David Anderson originally for protection against the Cherokee. Also known as Fort Anderson. Later garrisoned by British and Loyalist troops, it was attacked and captured by Patriots in July 1780.
(1760 - 1761), near Buffalo ?
A settlers' fort built during the Cherokee War, located somewhere on the east side of Fairforest Creek west of Union. Exact location undetermined.
A Patriot militia encampment. A battle occurred here in the summer of 1780.
Capt. Edward Musgrove's Fort
(Musgrove Mill State Historic Site)
(1760 - unknown), Musgrove Mill
A SC colonial militia fort at Horseshoe Falls on the Enoree River. Also known as Fort (William Henry) Lyttleton (2).
Site was also scene of the Battle of Musgrove's Mill during the American Revolution (August 1780). The Musgrove Plantation House, near the mouth of Cedar Shoals Creek, burned down in 1971.
James Otterson's Fort
(1755 ? - unknown), Union County
A settlers' stone house fortified in 1760. Site located about eight miles south of town on Tinker Creek near Beattys Bridge Road, within Sumter National Forest. No remains.
Thomas Fletchall's Fort
(1760 - 1761), near Sandy River ?
A settlers' fort built during the Cherokee War, located somewhere on the south side of the Sandy River southwest of Chester. Exact location undetermined.
(1760 - 1761), near Cornwell
A settlers' fort built during the Cherokee War, located near the head of the East Fork Little River, about seven miles south of Chester.
Newberry County Settler Forts
(1760 - 1761), Newberry County
Samuel Aubrey's Fort, located on the south side of the Enoree River about ten miles southeast of Whitmire. Abandoned soon after it was built for Fort Lyttleton (2).
Gordon's Fort, located on the north side of the Enoree River about seven miles southeast of Whitmire.
Jacob Brook's Fort, located on the west bank of the Bush River near Newberry. Attacked by the Cherokee in March 1760.
Rhall's Fort, undetermined location. Possibly same as Brook's Fort (?).
Jacob Pennington's Fort, located on the south side of Indian Creek, about six miles south of Whitmire.
NOTE: there is a Stoney Battery Road south of Smyrna.
Fairfield County Settler Forts
(1760 - 1761), Fairfield County
Hans (John) Wagner's Fort (1), a log blockhouse located on the east bank of Beaver Creek at its junction with Reedy Branch, about six miles from the mouth of Beaver Creek. Also spelled Waggener. A D.A.R. stone monument (1938) is located on SC 215 at Fort Wagner Road, southeast of Feasterville. The marker says the fort was one mile east.
Lyle's Fort, located on the east side of Beaver Creek, north of Blair, about 13.5 miles southeast of Whitmire.
Edward Nixon's Fort, located somewhere on the east side of the Little River west or southwest of Winnsboro, probably near Mill Creek. Exact location undetermined.
Philip Raiford's Fort, located on the east side of the Little River, near Jennings, about 15 miles northwest of Columbia.
(1780 - 1781), Winnsboro
A British/Loyalist winter garrison post. General Cornwallis was encamped here from October 1780 to January 1781. Marker at Mt. Zion.
John Pearson's Fort
(1760 - 1761), Richland County
A settlers' fort located on the west side of the Broad River, near the mouth of the Little River, about 12 miles northwest of Columbia.
Camp at Williamson's Plantation
(1780), York County
A British/Loyalist encampment, located west of York. Attacked by Patriots in July 1780.
Fort Mill ? ?
(1720's ?, 1760 ?), Fort Mill
The town, established in 1873, was supposedly named after a colonial-era fort (name ?) that was once located here before the American Revolution (or possibly from the nearby Catawba Indian village Waxhaw Town), and a settlers' grist mill once located on nearby Steele Creek. The first white settlers began arriving in the area in the mid 1750's. See also About Fort Mill from Town of Fort Mill
(1760 - 1761), near Van Wyck ?
A Cherokee War fort located on the east bank of the Catawba River.
(no date), Fort Lawn
The town of Fort Lawn was named after the area's prominent Fort family. No actual fort was ever built here.
Camp at Rocky Mount
(1780), Dearborn Island (?), Great Falls
A British/Loyalist encampment. Attacked by Patriots in August 1780. Dearborn Island was once known as Rocky Mount Island.
(1802 - 1817), Dearborn Island, Great Falls
Originally built as the first Federal arsenal (Mount Dearborn Arsenal) in the South, located on the northern tip of the 594-acre Big (Dearborn) Island in the Catawba River, east of Great Falls. Included a large circular stone magazine, and barracks for troops, located on the central rise (Mount Dearborn). Abandoned by the Federal government before 1812 due to a flu epidemic. Fortified and garrisoned by the SC state militia during the War of 1812. The troops left in 1817. The site was retroceded to the state in 1829. The abandoned complex was destroyed during Sherman's March in February 1865. Some ruins (stone walls) remain on the 40-acre site, additional ruins were submerged under Great Falls Lake when it was impounded. Private property (Duke Power). Big Island may become a state park in the future after environmental cleanup.
(1760 - 1761), near Mitford ?
A settlers' fort built during the Cherokee War, located somewhere on the north side of Big Wateree Creek, southwest of Great Falls. Exact location undetermined.
Camp at Hanging Rock
(1780 - 1781), near Heath Springs
A British/Loyalist encampment located south of town along Hanging Rock Creek. Attacked by Patriots in August 1780. Marker located on Hanging Rock Road at US 521.
(1780 - 1781), Cheraw
Major General Nathanael Greene and the Southern Continental Army's winter encampment (Dec. to Feb.), often called the "Valley Forge of the South".
Post at Camden
(Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site)
(1780 - 1781), Camden
A major British garrison post during the American Revolution. The town was palisaded with six redoubts around the outer perimeter after the Battle of Camden, which took place in August 1780. The Battle of Hobkirk's Hill later took place nearby in April 1781. The 98-acre historic site includes three reconstructed British redoubts and restored houses of the period. Located at 222 Broad Street, south of downtown. Admission fee. The reconstructed Northeast Redoubt is located on Bull Street at Lyttleton Street. A marker for the Northwest Redoubt (no remains) is located on Campbell Street at Bull Street. A marker for the West Redoubt (no remains) is located on Campbell Street at Meeting Street. A marker for the Southwest Redoubt (no remains) is located on Meeting Street at Church Street. The brick Powder Magazine (1) (1777) was fortified with an earthwork, which is also reconstructed around the stabilized magazine ruins. The Southeast Redoubt is reconstructed east of the Kershaw/Cornwallis House (reconstructed in 1977). The Old Gaol (no remains) was also fortified by the British, marker on Broad Street adjacent to the county courthouse. See also Camden Battlefield from SC Dept. of Archives and History
Camden Powder Magazine (2)
(1859 - 1865), Camden
A state militia brick magazine is located at 818 Market Street. Supplies were captured during Sherman's March (February 1865).
Fort Santo Tomás
(McDowell Archaeological Site)
(1568 - 1570 ?), Camden
A Spanish fort or blockhouse was built by the Juan Pardo Expedition in February 1568 at Cofitachequi, the capital town of the area chiefdom of the same name. Pardo called it Canos. The fort lasted at least one year. The site is located near the old Mulberry Plantation on the Wateree River at Big Pine Tree Creek, just south of the city. Hernando DeSoto visited Cofitachequi in May 1540. The final Spanish visit was by Pedro de Torres with ten soldiers and sixty Indians in 1628.
Camp Maxey Gregg
A Confederate POW camp that was proposed at Killian's Mill to relieve overcrowding at the POW camps in Columbia. The site was selected and traced, and trenches were dug, but the stockade was never built. The POWs in Columbia were quickly transferred to North Carolina or Georgia when Union forces neared the city in January 1865.
(1850 - 1865, 1888 - 1910's ?), Columbia FORT WIKI
A private commercial iron works that produced arms and munitions under state contract, also known as the Palmetto Iron Works and Armory. Used by the Confederate Ordnance Department during the Civil War. Destroyed in February 1865 by the Union, after some of the production machinery had already been transferred to Littleton, NC. It was rebuilt after the war and continued operations into the 20th century. The main building was bought by the city in 1942, now the Arsenal Hill Community Center, located at 1800 Lincoln Street.
The Columbia Military (Arsenal) Academy was established nearby in 1842, used to train freshman before transferring to the Citadel in Charleston. The entire complex was destroyed by the Union in February 1865 during Sherman's March. The Officers' Quarters (1855) of the Military Academy became the state's Governor's Mansion in 1868, as it was the only building left remaining in the compound. Located at 800 Richland Street in the Arsenal Hill neighborhood. See also INFO and PHOTOS from SC Dept. of Archives and History
Civil War Defenses of Columbia
(1861 - 1865), Columbia
Camp Sorghum (1864) a Confederate POW camp for 1300 Union soldiers. Site located at Riverbanks Zoo and Botanical Gardens. Replaced by Camp Asylum in December 1864. About 500 POWs were transferred.
Camp Asylum (1864 - 1865) a Confederate prison located on the grounds of the former State Lunatic Asylum (built 1827) at 2100 Bull Street (renamed SC State Hospital for the Insane in 1896). Prisoners were transferred to Charlotte, NC as Union General Sherman approached the city in February 1865.
A CSA training camp (1861) was once located at the site of the old state fairgrounds at Lincoln Street and Elmwood Ave..
Sherman's Battery (1865) a marker at 321 Moffat Drive locates the site of one of the Union seige batteries against the city in February 1865.
Of interest is the South Carolina Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum at 301 Gervais Street (admission fee).
(1898 - 1899), Columbia
A Spanish-American War training camp for cavalry. Located in the Earlewood neighborhood (Earlewood Park) on River Drive. This area is generally bounded by US 176 and Richfield Drive, and Union and Florence Streets.
Nearby were the state muster camps of Camp Dewey (aka Camp Geiger and Camp Fuller) at Geiger's Springs, Camp Fitzhugh Lee at Shandon Park, and Camp Prospect at the old fairgrounds at present-day Elmwood Park. Camp Ellerbe was located at Hyatt Park along Main Street.
(1905 - 1964), Columbia
A SC National Guard armory located at 1219 Assembly Street. Housed units of the 263rd Coast Artillery Regiment and the 118th Infantry Regiment.
Fort Jackson (U.S. Military Reservation)
(1917 - present), Columbia FORT WIKI
A National Army cantonment training area for the 81st "Wildcat" Division, originally named Camp Jackson, later used as a field artillery replacement center and a demobilization center. The 5th Division trained here in 1918 after the 81st left for France. Closed in 1922. Became a SC National Guard training area after 1925. Federalized again in 1940 for WWII training, and renamed. Still in use as a major Regular Army Infanty center, home of the Army Basic Combat Training Center and Drill Sergeant School, the Army Financial Management School, the Army Chaplain Center and School, and the Army Adjutant General Corps School. Museums on post include the Fort Jackson Museum, the Army Adjutant General Corps Museum, the Army Chaplain Museum, and the Army Finance Corps Museum.
Of interest in the city is the South Carolina Military Museum, opened in 2007, located on National Guard Road in the Olympia area, across from the stadium.
Congaree Fort (1)
(1718 - 1722), near Cayce
A SC colonial militia fort and trading post. It was palisaded with a ditch and two earthen bastions, located in the great bend of Congaree Creek, about one mile or so from the creek's mouth. Exact site undetermined. A trading post later operated here after 1725.
Brown's Factory (1733 ? - 1754 ?), a trading post operated by Thomas Brown, was located nearby. Granby Village (now Cayce) was founded just north in 1733.
Fort Congaree (2)
(1748 - 1754), Cayce
A British palisaded and moated fort located about two miles north of the old Congaree Fort (1). It was built to protect against Iroquois raiders from the north. The garrison abandoned the fort to join Col. George Washington's expedition to Pennsylvania and the Ohio River, where they met their fate at Fort Necessity.
A trading post was later established here (Granby Village) in 1765 by James Chestnut and Joseph Kershaw.
(Cayce Historical Museum)
(1780 - 1781), Cayce
James Cayce's two-story home (1770) and storehouse at Granby Village, captured by the British and fortified with a square earthen redoubt with bastions, a ditch, and an abatis. Captured by Patriots in May 1781. House is now the Cayce Historical Museum at 1800 12th Street (admission fee).
Hans Jacob Gallman's Fort
(1740's or 1750's), near Cayce
A settlers' blockhouse located on the north bank of Congaree Creek south of town, fortified in 1760. Also spelled Coleman.
Godfrey Dryer's Fort
(1760 - 1761), near West Columbia
A settlers' fort built during the Cherokee War. Also spelled Dreher. Located on the south side of the Saluda River about five and one-half miles west of Columbia.
(1861), near Gilbert
A CSA training camp for cavalry at Lightwood Knot Springs on Camp Branch Lightwood Knot Creek, southwest of town.
William Turner's Fort
(1760 - 1761), Saluda County
A settlers' fort located on the south side of the confluence of the Saluda and Little Saluda Rivers, northwest of Delmar. Attacked by the Cherokee in February 1760. Exact location may now be under the waters of Lake Murray.
(1780 - 1781), Fort Motte FORT WIKI
A two-story 1767 mansion (home of Rebecca Motte, widow of Jacob Motte) that was captured by the British and fortified with a palisade and earthworks. It was attacked and burned by Francis "Swamp Fox" Marion in May 1781. Site marked by granite monument.
(1780 - 1781), near Stateburg
Fort Upton was the object of an aborted raid led by Col. Peter Horry, one of Gen. Francis Marion’s primary commanders. It is believed to have been located on Samuel Tyne’s plantation in the High Hills of Santee in the vicinity of Stateburg.
Fort Bull (1)
(1760 - 1761), Orangeburg
A Cherokee War fort located on the east bank of the North Fork Edisto River just northwest of town.
(1780 - 1781), Orangeburg
A minor British garrison post. Captured by Patriots in May 1781, one day before the capture of Fort Motte.
John Hearn's Fort
(1716 - 1718), near Santee
A SC colonial militia fort built in March 1716 on the west bank of the Santee River during the Yamassee War, guarding the northern approach to Charleston. John Hearn had earlier been killed in May 1715 by the Indians.
(Santee National Wildlife Refuge - Bluff Unit)
(1780 - 1781), near St. Paul FORT WIKI
A British stockade built on top of the 50-foot high Late Mississippian Period Santee Mound on Wright's Bluff. Captured by Patriots in April 1781 with the use of a Maham Tower. No remains of fort. Located on County Road 803, off of US 301/15, southwest of town. A Federal NWR property, it is administered by SC State Parks (Santee State Park).
Benjamin Schenckingh's Fort
(1715), near Eutawville
A SC colonial militia fort at Schenckingh's cowpen (cattle ranch) on the south bank of the Santee River, northeast of town. The actual site is now under Lake Marion. It was attacked by Catawba Indians in June 1715, one month after it was built, killing most of the garrison. Also spelled Schinkins.
(unknown dates), unknown location
A fortified Tuscarora Indian village until abandoned or destroyed in 1713. Undetermined location. One source indicated it was within the state's present borders, and apparently not the same as Fort Nooherooka or several other known Tuscarora sites near Snow Hill, North Carolina.
Florence Prison Stockade
(Florence National Cemetery)
(1864 - 1865), Florence
A CSA 26-acre POW camp for about 15,000 Union soldiers transferred from Andersonville, GA. Two redoubts were located nearby to protect against Union raids. Site is adjacent to Florence National Cemetery on Stockade Road. State marker erected 2003. Exhibits and history at the War Between the States Museum at 107 South Guerry Street (admission fee).
NEED MORE INFO: Stoney Battery Road in Newberry County south of Smyrna.
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