Fort Adair |
Adair's Fort |
Camp Adrian |
Ball's Camp |
Bartlett's Station |
Big Creek Fort | Bird's Station | Fort in Blockhouse Valley | Brown's Trading Post
Fort Buckner | Bull Run Blockhouse | Bulls Gap Earthworks | Burnt Station | Fort Byington
D. Campbell's Station | J. Carter's Station (1) | J. Carter's Station (2) | Fort Caswell
Cavett's Station | Chiaha | Fort College Hill | Fort Comstock | D. Craig's Fort | J. Craig's Fort
Derrick's Fort | Fort Dickerson | Earnest's Fort House | A. Eaton's Fort (Station) (1)
Gamble's Station | G. Gillespie's Station | J. Gillespie's Fort | J. Gillespy's Fort
Gilliam's Station | Greene's Station | Haley's Station | A. Heaton's Fort (Station) (1)
Henderson's Station | H. Henry's Station | S. Henry's Station | Fort Patrick Henry
Hickory Cove Fort | Fort Higley | Fort (John) Hill | J. Houston's Station | Ish's Fort
Johnson City Camp | Kelly's Fort | King's Mill Fort | Knoxville Barracks | Post at Knoxville
Knoxville Defenses | Fort Lee | Limestone Fort | Camp at Little Pigeon | Long Island Fort
D. Looney's Fort | M. Looney's Fort | Fort Loudon (2) | McGaughey's Station | McTeer's Fort
Marble Springs Station | Martin's Station | Menefee's Station | Fort Mihalotzy (1)
Miller's Fort | Newell's Station | Patterson's Fort | Camp Poland | Fort in Powell Valley
Rice's Mill Fort | Fort Robinson | J. Robertson's Station (1) | Rogersville Post
Russellville Encampment | Fort San Pedro | Fort Sanders | Sawyer's Fort
J. Sevier's Station (1) | J. Sevier's Station (2) | Sharp's Fort | Shelby's Fort (Station)
Sherrill's Station | Fort Huntington Smith | Fort Stanley | Swaggerty's Blockhouse
Sycamore Shoals Fort | Camp Taylor (2) | Taylor's Meeting House Fort | Union Cantonment
Fort Watauga | Wear's Fort | J. White's Fort (1) | Whitson's Fort | Camp Wilder
Womack's Fort | Wood's Fort | Yoakum's Station
Southeastern Tennessee - page 2 | Middle Tennessee - page 3
Greater Nashville Area - page 4 | Western Tennessee - page 5
Col. Evan Shelby's Fort
(1776 - 1780's), Bristol
Originally built in 1771, it was fortified in 1776 as a local defense and settler refuge against Indians. Also known as Shelby's Station. Marker located at 7th and Shelby Streets, actual site about two blocks south on the high ground. The Patriot militia's King's Mountain Campaign (October 1780) was planned here. The city was originally named Sapling Grove. A VA state marker in this border town also relates the history of the fort and settlement.
Capt. Jacob Womack's Fort
(1776 - 1785), near Bluff City
A settlers' fort once located east of town, on the north bank of the South Fork Holston River, on a hill about two miles east on Island Park Road. The main cabin was probably built as early as 1774. Womack moved further west in 1785.
Taylor's Meeting House Fort
(1776), near Silvacola
Reportedly the first church built in the state (1773), used as a settlers' fort against Indians, and later as a school.
Moses Looney's Fort
(1770's), near Rock City
A settlers' blockhouse used as the first court for Sullivan County in 1780. Brother to David. Located on Island Road, about one and one-half miles south of the mouth of Boozy Creek. The log house was still standing in 1980, although much altered and modernized.
Amos Eaton's Fort (1)
(1776 - 1779), near Indian Springs
A settlers' defense against Indians. Also spelled Heaton. House built in 1774, fortified and garrisoned by local militia in 1776. Also known as Eaton's (or Heaton's) Station (1). Marker located on Island Road (Memorial Blvd.) in the Bridwell Heights area. The Battle of Island Flats (July 1776) was located near Kingsport. After the battle 600 men under Capt. Joseph Martin were posted here.
Fort on Long Island
(1760), Long Island
A temporary VA colonial militia fort located on Long Island during the Cherokee War. It was built by the relief force headed for Fort Loudoun after it was attacked by the Cherokee, but they never proceeded further from here. Replaced by Fort Robinson.
(1761 - 1762), Fort Robinson
A VA colonial militia fort located on the north bank of the South Fork Holston River, nearly opposite the western end of Long Island. A large bastioned work, possibly with a blockhouse. No remains.
Fort Patrick Henry
(1776 - 1794), Kingsport FORT WIKI
A Virginia state militia fort built at or near the site of Fort Robinson. It was a bastioned 100-yard square work. No remains.
King's Mill Fort
(1776), Sullivan County
A fortified stone-built gristmill located within Edmund Pendleton's 1750 land patent on the North Fork of Reedy Creek (Boozy Creek today), originally built by Col. James King in 1774. It's local importance as a militia supply post was reduced after Fort Patrick Henry was built in September 1776. Located on the west bank of Boozy Creek near its junction with Reedy Creek, just west of the Salem United Methodist Church at Boozy Creek Road and Bloomingdale Road. The mill was still in existence in 1792 when the settlers of King's Mill Station were evicted, and the land sold off beginning in 1794.
Robert Patterson's Fort
(1775 - unknown), Church Hill
A settlers' fort and mill. Area settlers took refuge here in 1776 during a Cherokee attack.
Henry Rice's Mill Fort
(1775 - unknown), near Church Hill
A settlers' fortified mill located two miles west of town. Area settlers took refuge here in 1776 during a Cherokee attack. Attacked again by Cherokees in April 1777, defended by Capt. James Robertson.
Col. David Looney's Fort
A settlers' blockhouse on Muddy Creek, about two miles up from the South Fork Holston River. Built before 1774. Son of Robert Looney of Virginia.
(Sycamore Shoals State Historical Park)
(1772 - 1780's), Elizabethton FORT WIKI
The Transylvania Treaty was signed here at Sycamore Shoals by the Watauga Association to buy Cherokee lands. The Cherokee lay seige to the fort in July 1776. Known also as Fort Caswell by the NC militia in 1776. This was the principal muster post of the Overmountain Men in September 1780 prior to the Battle of King's Mountain in South Carolina. The current structure is a reproduction of the first permanent white American settlement in what was to be present-day Tennessee. Located at 1651 West Elk Ave.. A D.A.R. stone monument (1909) marks the actual site of the original fort, located about one mile south on West "G" Street at Monument Place, just upstream (about one-quarter mile) from the mouth of Gap Creek on the Watauga River.
James Robertson's Station (1)
(1771 - 1780), near Elizabethton ?
A settlers' fort located somewhere above (upstream from) Sycamore Shoals.
John Sevier's Station (1)
(1770's), near Elizabethton ?
A settlers' fort.
John Carter's Station (1)
(1774 - 1783 ?), near Carter ?
A settlers' fort and trading post.
Johnson City Camp
(1861), Johnson City
A CSA camp, monument (1904) located at Lamont and Tennessee Streets.
(1776), near Leesburg ?
A Virginia militia fort located on Big Limestone Creek, an outpost of Fort Patrick Henry used against the Cherokee Indians. Attacked by Cherokees in July 1776.
Jacob Brown's Trading Post
(1771), near Mayday
A settlers' trading post located on the Nolichucky River at the mouth of Cherokee Creek. It was not fortified.
(1770's or 1780's), near Limestone
An unnamed settlers' (?) fort was once here. George Gillespie built a stone house here in 1792, which still exists.
(George ?) Gillespie's Station
(1770's or 1780's), near Limestone ?
A settlers' fort. Undetermined location. Possibly the same as Limestone Fort (?).
(1770's or 1780's), Washington County
A settlers' fort. Undetermined location somewhere along the Nolichucky River.
Henry Earnest's Fort House
(1778/80 - unknown), near Chuckey
A settlers' three-story stone and timber house located on Old Fort Lane at 1600 Chuckey Pike (TN 351), south of town on the south bank of the Nolichucky River. Restored in 2016. Tour and information office located at 340 Clemmer Drive.
(Richard ?) Henderson's Station
(1779 - unknown), Afton
A settlers' fort was located here at Henderson's Mill. Marker located on US 321 (Andrew Johnson Highway) at Ripley Island Road.
John Carter's Station (2)
(1783 ? - unknown), Albany
A settlers' fort was located here at the site of a former fortified Indian village on Grassy Creek.
Sherrill's Station ? ?
(1770's or 1780's), near Scoot Mill ?
A settlers' fort located on Lick Creek in western Greene County.
(1862), Hawkins County
A CSA training camp. Exact location undetermined.
(1770's), Hawkins County
A settlers' fort located somewhere on the Holston River.
Hickory Cove Fort
(1775 - unknown), near Big Creek
A settlers' or local militia fort was once located here along Big Creek. Militia under the command of Capt. Robert Kyle were posted here in 1775.
A Union garrison post was here, attacked by Confederates in November 1863 (Big Creek Skirmish), capturing several guns and other supplies.
Big Creek Fort
(1779 ? - unknown), near Petersburg
A state militia fort located on the west (south) side of the mouth of Big Creek. Capt. James Robertson lived here from 1777 to 1778. The fort was probably built later. 300 militia under the command of Col. Evan Shelby were posted here in 1779. The fort was attacked by Indians in 1780.
(1787 - unknown), Bean Station
A settlers' fort, built by brothers Robert and William (or Jesse) Bean. The actual site is under the waters of Cherokee Lake (German Creek). The Whiteside Tavern (1801) was located one-quarter mile west of the site. William Bean first settled at the mouth of Boone's Creek near Flourville, Washington County, in 1768.
Bulls Gap Earthworks
(1864), Bulls Gap
Traces of Union earthworks still remain in the area, mostly in Greene County. Site of battle in November 1864.
(1863 - 1864), Russellville
A CSA winter encampment for troops under Lt. General James Longstreet, after retreating from Knoxville.
James Swaggerty's Blockhouse
(1787 - unknown), Parrottsville
A settlers' log blockhouse on a stone foundation. Structure was later covered by a large barn, which has since been removed. Original three-level structure still exists, one of only two original blockhouses still extant in the state. Located east of town on Old US 321 (private property). See also PHOTOS from Discover Cocke County.com
NOTE: Archaeological and dendrochronological research by the University of Tennessee in 2001 has shown that the logs used in this structure date to an 1860 cutting, and artifacts from the 1860's were found in the adjacent soil, which may indicate that this is not the original 1787 blockhouse, but a farm structure erected by Jacob Stephens in 1860. At the least, the original blockhouse was most likely heavily modified by Stephens after he purchased the farm in 1854.
(1783 - unknown), near Newport
A settlers' fort located near the confluence of the Pigeon and French Broad Rivers north of town.
William Whitson's (Jr.) Fort
(1783 - unknown), near Wilton Springs
A settlers' fort located on the east side of the Pigeon River, south of the mouth of Cosby Creek. This was at an important ford of the river at the time.
(1788 ? - unknown), near Blaine
A settlers' fort located east of town on Richland Creek along the old Emory Road.
Col. John Sawyer's Fort
(1785 - unknown), near Zacharytown
A settlers' fort one-half mile west of the Knox - Grainger County line. The Emory Road, built in 1788, passed through here. Marker is located on TN 331 (Emory Road) at Flat Creek, west of TN 61 (Washington Pike).
Fort San Pedro
(1567), near Deep Springs
A Spanish blockhouse built by the Juan Pardo Expedition on the French Broad River near the Indian village of Chiaha or Olamico on Zimmerman's Island. When Pardo arrived in October 1567, the 30 men that had been left behind at Joara (North Carolina) in January or February 1567 were found here. About 15 or so additional men were left here in October or November 1567, but they probably did not survive the winter. Hernando DeSoto visited Chiaha in June 1540. Presumably palisaded at that time. The supposed site now inundated by Douglas Lake. See also The Pardo Expedition by the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
Major Hugh Henry's Station
(1783 - 1790's), Beech Springs
A settlers' fort located near the mouth of Dumplin Creek at the French Broad River. The Treaty of Dumplin Creek (State of Franklin) was signed here in June 1785 wherein the Cherokees relinquished their rights and title to the land in this area. The treaty was invalidated later that year by the United States Congress upon the ratification of the Treaty of Hopewell.
Capt. Samuel Newell's Station
(1784 - 1790's), Newell Station
A settlers' fort located near the head of Boyd's Creek (at US 411 and US 441).
Samuel McGaughey's Station
(1784 - 1790's), Sevier County
A settlers' fort located on Boyd's Creek below Newell's Station.
Isaac Thomas' Fort
(1783 ? - unknown), Sevierville
A settlers' fort, also used as the first courthouse of Sevier County (1795), and as a tavern. The town was originally named Forks of Little Pigeon.
Camp at Little Pigeon
(1814), near Sevierville
A muster camp of the Company of Drafted East Tennessee Militia, under Capt. Isaac Williams, at the start of the First Creek War (January 1814).
Col. Samuel Wear's Fort
(1785 - unknown), near Pine Grove
A settlers' fort located near the mouth of Walden Creek.
Jacob Derrick's Fort
(1779 ?), Bird Crossroad
A settlers' fort and gristmill at what was known as the "Old Dutch (German) Settlement". Marker located on US 411 at Fox Cemetery Road.
Josias Gamble's Station
(1790 - 1815), near Hubbard
A settlers' fort at the bend of the Little River east of town off of the Old Walland Highway (old TN 73), below the Chilhowee Gap, near the site of the old Coulters Bridge. The fort was often used as a safe haven by the settlers in Tuckaleechee Cove. Garrisoned by 13 men in 1792. Also used as a command post by John Sevier in 1792. After 1800 the station was used as a trading post and store. A stone D.A.R. monument is at the site. The Tennessee state marker, located above the gap near Walland, is in the wrong location.
(thanks to Richard Simerly for providing correct location and additional info)
Robert McTeer's Fort
(1784 - unknown), near Prospect
A settlers' fort and mill located one mile south of Eusebia Church on US 411.
Devereaux Gilliam's Station
(1780's ?), Fork of the River
A settlers' fort located at an ancient Indian mound.
John Sevier's Station (2)
(1780's - unknown), Sevier Home
The Marble Springs Farm is also known as the "Governor's Old Place". John was brother to Valentine. John later became the state's first governor in 1796. Originally built as a frontier station (Marble Springs Station ?). A 1926 D.A.R. monument using stones from the original chimney is also located on site. Located on Neubert Springs Road at TN 168 (Gov. John Sevier Highway).
(1780's), Knox County ?
A settlers' fort located somewhere south of Knoxville.
John Adair's Fort
(1788 - 1810's), Knoxville / Fountain City
A settlers' blockhouse used as a supply depot for the Cumberland Guard (Nashville) militia at Grassy Valley. Also known as Fort Adair. The East Tennessee Militia camped here in January 1814 at the start of the First Creek War. Marker and D.A.R. monument (1924) located at North Broadway and Sanders Drive. Actual site of the fort may be located just to the south near Adair Creek and First Creek, near Lynnhurst Cemetery on Adair Drive, where Adiar is buried.
Capt. James White's Fort (1)
(1788 - 1793), Knoxville FORT WIKI
The original log house dates to 1786 but the palisade was added later as a defense against Indians. White sold out and moved away in 1793. Most of the current fort structure is a reconstruction of period cabins restored and relocated from elsewhere in the region. The main two-story log house, originally located at State Street and Clinch Ave. (present-day State Street Parking Garage), adjacent to the c.1800 graveyard of the First Presbyterian Church (1816, rebuilt 1903), was relocated in 1906 to Woodlawn Pike in South Knoxville, and then relocated again in 1968 to its present site at 205 East Hill Ave., which opened to the public in 1970. Admission fee. See also Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
The Treaty of Holston was signed nearby (site on West Hill Ave.) in July 1791. The settlement became the first official capital of the Southwest Territory in 1791.
Post at Knoxville
(1793 - 1801/1807), Knoxville
A Federal garrison and headquarters post (aka Knoxville Barracks) was located here. The first Cherokee Indian Agency was also here from 1796 to 1801. Undetermined location. The two-story barracks were apparently used by the state legislature during the 1799 session and possibly later. The post was used primarily by the state militia after 1801 as Federal Army operations shifted to Fort Southwest Point in Kingston.
Civil War Defenses of Knoxville
(1863 - 1864), Knoxville FORT WIKI
A line of Union earthworks and batteries surrounded the city beginning in September 1863, mostly on the north side of the Tennessee river. Most of the works were not fully completed, nor officially named, until after the November 1863 siege was lifted. Some of the works were later renamed in the summer or fall of 1864.
Fort Byington (aka Fort College Hill), on Circle Drive off Cumberland Ave. at the entrance to the University of Tennessee (Ayres Hall). It partially enveloped the original college buildings extant at the time, then known as East Tennessee University.
Battery Harker, below Battery Noble.
Battery Noble, just west of Fort Byington at the former "Melrose" estate on Melrose Place, now Melrose Hall, U.T. campus.
Fort Sanders, centered at 17th Street and Laurel Ave.. No remains. Markers located at 1642 Highland Ave.. A 1918 monument to the 79th New York is located at 16th Street and West Clinch Ave.. A 1914 D.A.R. monument is located one block west at 1705 West Clinch Ave.. The Confederates initially fortified this position in the fall of 1862, then known as Fort Loudon (2) (sic) or Fort Buckner.
Battery Elstner, adjacent to Fort Sanders.
Battery Karnasch, between Batteries Elstner and Zoellner.
Battery Zoellner, between Fort Sanders and Second Creek (Forest Ave. between 11th and 13th Streets).
Battery Galpin, across Second Creek from Battery Zoellner (at Broadway and Henley Street). It covered the dam built on Second Creek.
Fort Comstock, on Summit Hill on Vine Ave..
Battery Wiltsie, marker on West Vine Ave. just east of Walnut Street, south of the old Southern Railroad depot, and adjacent to the Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception at 414 West Vine Ave. (1855, rebuilt 1883).
Battery Billingsley, between Gay Street and First Creek (Commerce Ave. at State Street). It covered the dam built on First Creek.
Fort Huntington Smith, on Temperance Hill, marker on lawn of the Green Magnet School on Town View Drive.
Battery Clifton Lee, just east of Fort Smith on Town View Drive.
Battery Stearman, east of Battery Lee, on Summit Hill Drive at Martin Luther King Jr. Drive.
Battery Engle, near Battery Lee.
Fort John Hill, on Mabry's Hill near Surrey Road and Saxton Ave..
Battery Fearns, on Flint Hill on East Hill Ave. overlooking the river.
Fort Stanley, on the south side of the river on the hill overlooking the south end of the Gay Street Bridge. Trace remains on Sherrod Road (private property). Connecting earthworks continued eastward to Sevierville Hill on Fort Hill Road (Knotty Pine Way).
Fort Dickerson (Park), on the south side of the river on Fort Dickerson Hill, marker on Chapman Highway (US 441) at Woodbine Ave., and another marker on the hill itself at 3000 Fort Dickerson Road. Well-preserved remnants still exist. See also History of Fort Dickerson Park
Fort Higley, on the south side of the river on Armstrong Hill, overlooking the south end of the railroad bridge. Remnants located within High Ground Park (opened in 2013) at 1000 Cherokee Trail.
Fort Mihalotzy (1), unknown location.
A tent camp and later barracks were located in present-day Circle Park, now part of the U.T. campus.
Markers for additional Union earthworks and other fortifications are located on Neyland Drive west of Second Creek, and on the Tennessee River side of Riverside Drive at McCammon Ave.. The 1817 Bijou Theatre (aka Lamar House) at 803 South Gay Street was used as housing by various Union officers, and as a hospital.
A Confederate seige camp (November 1863) was located at the present-day Knoxville College campus, and a CSA battery (November 1863) was located on Cherokee Heights south of the river, opposite the mouth of Third Creek (west of Union Fort Higley). Most of the CSA seige works were located along Third Creek west of the city, then north of present I-40 across to Second Creek. Of interest is the 1858 Bleak House / Confederate Memorial Hall, located at 3148 Kingston Pike, which was used as headquarters by CS General James Longstreet during the siege. Operated as a museum by the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Also in the area is the 1834 Armstrong-Lockett House (Crescent Bend) at 2728 Kingston Pike, which was used as headquarters by CS General Joseph Kershaw. The Kingston Pike was fortified here during the seige. See also The Civil War in Knoxville from the University of Tennessee, McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture
Camp John S. Poland
(1898 - 1899), Knoxville FORT WIKI
A Spanish-American War winter camp, originally established because of overcrowding at Camp Chickamauga, GA. The division headquarters and first brigade were camped east of the site of Camp Wilder (see below), behind the Brookside Cotton Mill. The third brigade was camped to the north at Lonsdale, northwest of the railroad shops; and the second brigade was camped just south of Lincoln Park, northwest of Broadway Street. The camp hospital was located at Turner Park, east of Broadway near Cecil Avenue. Some troops later camped at Glenwood.
Camp Bob Taylor (2)
(1898), Knoxville / Fountain City
A Spanish-American War state muster camp, located near Lake Chilhowie at Chilhowie Park on Magnolia Ave., later site of the 1910 Appalachian Exposition.
Camp Wilder was the state muster camp for Negro troops, located at what was then known as Elmwood Park, two miles east of downtown on the Park Street streetcar line. It was later relocated six miles to the Lonsdale area about one-half mile northeast of Knoxville College.
Alexander Cavett's Station
(1780's), Knoxville / Walker Springs
A settlers' fort. Attacked and burned by Cherokees in September 1793, killing over a dozen and all but one. Exact location undetermined, but traditionally believed to be at the Old Mars Hill Cemetery (private property) off of Broome Road, where a 1921 stone monument (TN Society, Sons of the Revolution) is located. State marker located on US 11/70 (Kingston Pike) at Gallaher View Road, about one mile south of the private cemetery.
John Menefee's Station
(1787 - unknown), Bell Bridge
A settlers' fort on Beaver Creek.
(1770's ?), Ball Camp
A seasonal hunting camp on Plumb Creek established by Nicholas Ball. Ball was later killed by Indians in present-day West Virginia in December 1793. State marker is located about four miles south in Cedar Springs on US 11/70 (Kingston Pike) at Cedar Bluff Road.
Col. David Campbell's Station
(1787 - 1810's), Farragut
A settlers' fort and trading post. The East Tennessee Militia camped here in January 1814 at the start of the First Creek War. Campbell sold his land in 1823 and relocated to Wilson County. The present Campbell Station Inn (Avery-Russell House) was most likely built by the new owners in the 1820's. Marker located on US 11/70 (Kingston Pike) at Campbell Station Road. A memorial to Campbell and Archibald McCaleb is located in Pleasant Forest Cemetery (1796) on Concord Road. The community was known as Campbell's Station until renamed in 1980.
Nicholas Bartlett's Station
A settlers' fortified mill on the Little River, originally built in 1785. Later became a stage stop on the Federal Road.
James Gillespie's Fort
(1785 - 1788), near Rockford FORT WIKI
A settlers' fort attacked and destroyed by Cherokee Indians led by John Watts in October 1788. Afterwards it was known as Burnt Station. Located about two miles northeast of the Maryville Airport. Also spelled Gillespy.
(1780's), near Rockford
A settlers' fort. Exact location undetermined.
Capt. John Craig's Fort
(1785 - 1790's), Maryville
A small blockhouse surrounded by a two-acre stockade. This was the original settlement of the town. In 1793 over 280 settlers took refuge here for several months during an Indian seige. Sam Houston once lived here as a youth with his widowed mother and eight siblings sometime around 1807. Marker on Church Street.
James Houston's Station
(1785 - unknown), near Carpenter Campground
A settlers' fort located on Little Nine Mile Creek south of Maryville. Attacked by Cherokee Indians in 1788 after they had killed 30 men near the Cherokee town of Citico (southwest on the Little Tennessee River).
Samuel Henry's (Sr.) Station
(1792 - unknown), Blount County
A settlers' fort located on Old Niles Ferry Road about 2.5 miles east of the Blount - Loudon County line, on or near Little Baker Creek. Attacked by Cherokee Indians led by John Watts in August 1793. Henry's brick mill (1815) is still extant, located one-half mile southwest on Brick Mill Road.
David Craig's Fort
(1780's), Blount County
A settlers' fort at or near the "Brick Mill". Exact location undetermined, probably at Henry's Mill (as described above).
(1790's), Blount County
A settlers' fort, possibly located on Ish Creek (?) to the west of Maryville. General John Sevier with 300 militia defeated about 1000 Cherokee Indians here who were on their way to attack Knoxville in September 1793.
Capt. John Miller's Fort
(1780's), Racoon Valley
A settlers' blockhouse, possibly built as early as 1777. Miller's popular nickname was "Racoon". Marker on TN 33.
(1790's), Yoakum Crossroad
A settlers' fort that was built in defiance of the 1791 Holston Treaty prohibiting white settlement on Cherokee lands in the Powell Valley. The Federal Army tried to evict the settlers in February 1797. The 1798 Treaty of Tellico resolved the controversy.
Fort in Powell Valley
(1797 - unknown), Campbell County ?
A Federal fort built to prevent white encroachment on Cherokee lands. Exact site undetermined, possibly at or near the confluence of the Powell and Clinch Rivers.
(1798), Anderson or Campbell Counties ?
A Federal post built to prevent white encroachment on Cherokee lands. Exact site undetermined, said to have been located on, or a tributary of, the Clinch River. Possibly the same (?) as the Fort in Powell Valley.
Bull Run Blockhouse
(1794), Anderson or Knox Counties ?
A state militia fort, with a detachment of Federal troops, built to prevent white encroachment on Cherokee lands. Exact site undetermined, located somewhere along the Bull Run Valley northwest of Knoxville.
Fort in Blockhouse Valley
(1780's ?), near Kirkstall ?
A pre-1791 Holston Treaty unnamed settlers' fort (undetermined exact location) was supposedly the namesake for this valley in Anderson County.
(unknown dates), Union County
A settlers' fort. Location undetermined.
NOTE: The "Lost State of Franklin" existed from 1785 - 1788, encompassing most of present-day Eastern Tennessee, with its capital at Greeneville. It was declared illegal by North Carolina, and was never recognized by the United States Congress. The Southwest Territory, or formally the Territory South of the Ohio River, was formed in 1790.
NEED MORE INFO: Fort Sumter Road near Copper Ridge, Knox County.
Towns: Blockhouse near Maryville; Camp Creek near Greeneville; Camp Austin in Morgan County; Kingsley Station near South Knoxville; Miser Station near Maryville.
QUESTIONS ? Please send any corrections and/or additions to this list to:
"Updates" at NorthAmericanForts.com