Central California

Camp at Adobe Meadows | Camp Anderson (1) | Fort Ann | Antelope Creek Post
Camp Atascadero | Camp Babbitt | Camp Barbour | Camp in Bear Valley | Camp Belt
Benicia Arsenal | Benicia Barracks | Benicia Quartermaster Depot | Fort Benton
Camp Big Red Hill | Camp at Bishop Creek | Camp Budd | Camp Burton (1)
Cambria Radar Station | Camp at Campbell | Fort Cape of Pines | El Castillo | Fort Catesby
Chouchille Camp | Camp Columbus | Copperopolis Armory | Camp Coster | Camp Crane
Camp Davenport's Place | Camp Del Monte | Camp Dimond | Camp Fairgrounds
Camp Forbes | Camp Frederica | Camp Frémont (1) | Camp Fremont (2)
Camp at Fremont Peak | French Camp | Friday's Station Post | Camp General Grant Park
Camp Giant Forest | Camp Gigling | Gigling Res. | Camp Gilmore (1) | Camp Halleck
Fort Halleck | Camp Hooker | Camp near Hornitos | Camp Independence (2)
Fort Independence | Camp near Ione City | Camp Jackson | Jones' Fort (1) | Camp Kaweah
Camp Kearny (1) | Camp Ketchum | Camp Kibbe | Camp on King's River | Lone Pine Post
Camp Low | Mare Island AA Defenses | Mare Island Post | Camp Markham | Camp McClear
Camp McClellan | Camp McDougall | Camp McQuaide | Camp Merriam (2) | Fort Mervine
Camp Miles | Camp Miller (3) | Fort Miller | Miller's Camp (1) | Miller's Camp (2)
Camp Millwood | Camp Mineral King | Fort Monroe | Monterey Barracks
Monterey Ordnance Depot | Post at Monterey | Presidio of Monterey | Monterey Redoubt
Monterey Bay WWII Defenses | Morro Bay Battery | Camp Morro Bay
Mt. Whitney Signal Station | Fort New Helvetia | Camp Old Colony Mill | Ord Barracks
Camp Ord | Fort Ord | Palo Alto Camp | Pigeon Point Radar Station | Fort on Pine Creek
Camp Pinedale | Fort Point of Pines | Point Sur Radar Station | Poole's Fort | Camp Pryor
Camp Red Hill | Camp at Sacramento | Fort Sacramento | Sacramento Post
Post near Sacramento City | Mission San Antonio de Padua | Mission San Carlos Borroméo
Camp at San Felipe (2) | Camp San José (1) | Camp San José (2)
San Juan Bautista Garrison (1) | San Juan Bautista Post (2) | Camp San Luis Obispo
San Luis Obispo Post | San Luis Obispo Bay Batteries | Camp San Miguel
Santa Clara Garrison | Camp at Santa Cruz | Fort Savannah | Camp Sequoia
Camp Sequoia National Park | Camp Sigel | Camp Smith | Camp Stanford | Camp Stanislaus
Camp Steele | Fort Stockton (2) | Camp Stoneman (1) | Camp Stoneman (2)
Camp at the Summit | Sunnyvale Camp | Fort Sutter | Sutter's Fort | Camp at Sutter's Fort
Post near Sutterville | Camp Terrill | Camp Three Rivers | Camp Tulare | Camp Union
Fort Visalia | Post at Visalia | Camp Washburn's Ranch | Fort Washington | Camp Waterman
Camp near Wawona | Camp Weishan's Hill | Camp Wisher's Hill | Camp Wood
Camp Yosemite | Post at Yosemite National Park | Yount's Blockhouse

Northern California - page 1 | San Francisco Bay Area - page 3
Sonoma-Marin Headlands - page 4 | Southern California I - page 5
Southern California II - page 6



Last Update: 16/APRIL/2021
Compiled by Phil and Pete Payette - ©2021 American Forts Network

George Yount's Blockhouse
(1836 - unknown), Yountville
An American settlers' log blockhouse that protected his adobe house (1837) and nearby mills (after 1845). Yount died here in 1865.

Mare Island Post
(1861 - 1862), Vallejo
A detachment of 25 soldiers from the Presidio in San Francisco were billeted aboard the U.S.S. Independence to safeguard the Federal Navy Yard for about four months during the early part of the Civil War. The first detachmant of 114 Marines arrived in December 1862. See also Military Yearbook Project by Richard Morgan

Mare Island WWII AA Defenses
(1941 - 1944), Vallejo
The Mare Island Naval Shipyard was protected by Army mobile anti-aircraft gun batteries (90mm AA and .50 cal. MG) and barrage balloons provided by the 211th Coast Artillery Regiment (AA), and the 309th Coast Artillery Barrage Balloon Battalion. The 211th CA arrived on station in December 1941 one week after Pearl Harbor, and the last units (Battery G) were not withdrawn until December 1944. The 2nd Battalion, 211th CA established battalion headquarters at the Vallejo Veteran's Hall across from the city park. The headquarters of the Regimental HQ and HQ Battery and the 1st Battalion was not listed, but was probably on the Shipyard proper. Battery A was located on Highway 37/Sears Point Road near Guadalcanal Village; Battery B was located on the south end of Mare Island near the later golf course; Battery C was located east of Highway 40 at Fleming Ave. in North Vallejo, on the "Lewis Ranch" near what is now Hanns Park; Battery D was located in the hills around Crockett, including Valona Hill overlooking the Carquinez Bridge; and Battery E was located at the Kaiser Shipyard in Richmond. Other locations manned by troops of the 211th CA included Federal Terrace Hill, Washington Park, and Vista Hill. The 309th CA arrived in June 1942, established battalion headquarters at the Vallejo High School, and was withdrawn in September 1943.

Benicia Barracks
(Benicia Historical Museum)
(The Arsenal - Benicia, CA)
(1849 - 1898), Benicia
Originally a Quartermaster Depot until 1852. Federal troops left in 1861, but the California Volunteers moved in for the duration of the Civil War. No remains. State marker

Benicia Arsenal (1851 - 1964) was also located here, the first Federal arsenal west of the Rocky Mountains. It was also the largest ordnance supply depot on the Pacific coast. The post was also used for various state military functions until it was closed in 1964. Several stone buildings still exist, including the 1859 Clock Tower which features gun ports and rifle slits for defense. The Clock Tower was originally a three-story building with two towers, but only one tower and two stories survive today due to damage from an explosion and fire in 1912. The Benicia Historical Museum is located in the former 1855 Camel Barns. The camels from the Army's Camel Corps were transported and stabled here for eventual sale in 1863-64 after the outfit was disbanded. Other historic buildings are currently used by various art studios and other private businesses. See also Photographic Tour of Benicia Arsenal by Peggy B. Perazzo || State marker

WWII anti-aircraft defenses for Benicia Arsenal were handled by the 501st Coast Artillery Regiment (AA) (less 2nd Battalion and Band). Exact gun positions undetermined.

The town of Benicia served as the third state capital in 1853 - 1854.

Camp Stoneman (2)
(1942 - 1954), Pittsburg
This was the main (and largest) troop staging area for the San Francisco Port of Embarkation during WWII and the Korean War, capable of housing 20,000 soldiers on its 2800 acres. German and Italian POWs were also held here after July 1945. Closed in 1954, but the buildings were not disposed of until 1960-62. The main cantonment area has been developed extensively since its use by the military. The area now consists mainly of residential homes, light industry, office buildings and Los Medanos College. The southern section of the former Camp Stoneman Rifle Range has been converted into an 18-hole public golf course. Other areas of the former rifle range have been developed into Stoneman Park. The Camp Stoneman Wharf Facility continues to function as a privately-owned warehouse facility on the waterfront.

John Sutter's Fort (State Historic Park)
(1839 - 1850's), Sacramento
Initially a private trading post built by Johann (John) Sutter, called Fort New Helvetia, it had 18-foot high adobe walls with bastioned corners, and was armed with 12 Russian guns purchased from Fort Ross in 1841. As the largest and most fortified post in northern California at the time, it became the Bear Flag (Independent California) headquarters in 1846. The U.S. Army took control later that year, and referred to the post as both Fort Sutter and Fort Sacramento. The Army left in 1847, but returned in 1849 - 1850 (aka Camp at Sutter's Fort). Sutter lost ownership in 1849 due to the 1848 Gold Rush, in which his land was taken over by numerous squatters. The fort was first restored in 1893. Located at 2701 I Street. The original name for the Sacramento settlement was New Helvetia. State marker || The Coloma Road

Camp J.W. Anderson (1)
(1849), Sacramento
A Federal infantry encampment used as a staging area before establishing Camp Far West on the Bear River. Located first in a swamp just south of Suttersville, then moved a few days later to a levee at the town's landing site. Alternate names include Post near Sacramento City, and Post near Sutterville (sic).

Camp Union
(1861 - 1866), Sacramento
A Civil War training camp for state troops, later a muster-out camp after the war. Original site located on the north side of the Sacramento River at the old Yolo racetrack. Due to flooding, the post moved later in 1861 across the river to Suttersville (southern area of Sacramento), located at Suttersville and Del Rio Roads. State marker

This may or may not have also been the location of Camp Kibbe (September 1863), used for training by the 4th Brigade of the CA state militia.

Sacramento Post
(1894), Sacramento
A temporary summer encampment of Federal artillery, cavalry, infantry, and Marine units.

Camp at Sacramento was a CA National Guard summer camp in 1895.

Camp Fairgrounds
(1916, 1917), Sacramento
A mobilization camp for CA National Guard troops during the 1916 Mexican border crisis, and also during WWI. Located at the old State Fairgrounds at Broadway and Stockton Blvds.. The fairgrounds were also later used during WWII as part of the Sacramento Army Signal Depot (1941 - 1943).

Antelope Creek Post
(1865), near Sacramento
A temporary detachment post located 12 miles northeast of town.

Camp McClellan
(1861), near Auburn
A muster-in camp for CA Volunteers during the autumn of 1861.

Camp Sigel
(1861 - 1862), near Auburn
A muster-in camp for the CA Volunteer Infantry.

Friday's Station Post
(1864), near South Lake Tahoe
A fortified stage station operated by "Friday" Burke and James Small. Undetermined exact location, possibly in Stateline, Nevada. A marker is located on US 50 three-fourths of one mile east of the state line, and the Pony Express statue at Harrah's Casino in Stateline, NV commemorates the station said to have been one mile east.

Fort Ann
(1852), near Volcano
A civilian mining camp located 3.3 miles north of town on the south fork of Dry Creek. No known military use.

Camp Jackson
(1865), Ione
Also called Camp near Ione City. Garrisoned by the CA Volunteer Cavalry for about three months (March-June 1865).

Copperopolis Federal Armory
(1860's), Copperopolis
Regional headquarters for Union (CA Volunteer) troops during the Civil War. The building is still extant, located at the south end of town.

Camp near Hornitos
(1865), Hornitos
A short-lived military post, located about 18 miles northeast of Merced.

Camp in Bear Valley
(1864), Mariposa
A military camp.

Camp Frémont (1)
(1851), Mariposa County
A temporary camp used for signing a peace treaty with the Indians. Located on or near the Little Mariposa River within today's Stanislaus National Forest.

Camp Steele
(1852), Mariposa County
A temporary Federal infantry encampment was located between the middle and south forks of the Merced River, probably within the present-day Yosemite National Park boundary.

Camp Yosemite
(Yosemite National Park)
(1885/1891 - 1916), Yosemite National Park
Originally called Camp near Wawona and Post at Yosemite National Park. In 1901 it was renamed Camp A.E. Wood in honor of its first superintendant, but renamed again in 1907. The Army patrolled the park most of each year, but left the winter patrols to local civilian rangers. The Army left when the National Park Service was created and took over park administration. The entrance checkpoint at Wawona was called Fort Monroe (1891) and was a former telegraph relay station. See also Buffalo Soldiers from NPS

Camp Stanislaus
(1849), near Oakdale
A temporary Federal infantry summer encampment at Taylor's Ferry, on the north bank of the Stanislaus River about one mile east of town. Also called Major Albert Miller's Camp (1). The town of Oakdale was not formed until 1871.

Camp Frederica
(1850), near Ripon
A temporary Federal infantry summer encampment on the Stanislaus River about seven miles from the Durham Ferry crossing of the San Joaquin River. Also called Major Albert Miller's Camp (2).

French Camp
(1832 - 1845), French Camp
Located south of Stockton. The annual campsite at the terminus of the California Trail used by the French-Canadian fur trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company.

Camp McDougall
(1861, 1863), French Camp
Located about three miles south of Stockton, at French Camp Slough, a recruiting and training center for CA Volunteers during the autumn of 1861. Reoccupied and renamed Camp Gilmore (1) in September 1863 by the 3rd Brigade of the CA state militia.

Stockton State Training Camps
(various dates), Stockton
The California Volunteers (and other state militia) (1860's) and the CA National Guard (1880's) held various recruiting and training camps here over the years.
Camp Halleck (1861 - 1863), located at an old racetrack near present-day Charter Way (US 50) and Airport Way.
Camp Hooker (August-October 1862), located on McKinney Avenue south of California Street.
Camp Stanford (1863), located between Rose, Acacia, Van Buren, and Monroe Streets.
Camp T.E. Ketchum (1881), located at "Good Water Grove", two miles from the city.
Camp Budd (1896)

Camp Fremont (2)
(1917 - 1919), Menlo Park
A Federalized National Guard cantonment and training area for the 8th Division. Site sold off to the town, becoming a residential and commercial area bounded by Santa Cruz Ave., El Camino Real, and Alameda. The camp hospital later became a VA Hospital. A few buildings still survive, two as local restaurants.

Palo Alto Camp
(1942 - 1944), Palo Alto
A coastal defense shore patrol base camp garrisoned by HQ and HQ Company, 1st Battalion, 125th Infantry Regiment.

Sunnyvale Camp
(1942 - 1944), Sunnyvale
A coastal defense shore patrol base camp garrisoned by Company H, 125th Infantry Regiment.

Santa Clara Garrison
(1846), Santa Clara
The Mexican garrison was captured by the U.S. Army in 1846. The post was located at the former Mission Santa Clara de Asis (1777). State marker

Camp at Campbell
(1856), Campbell
A temporary camp.

Camp San José (1)
(1846, 1848, 1863), San Jose
The Mexican garrison was captured by the U.S. Army in 1846. An Army encampment was temporarily established in 1848, and reoccupied in 1863. The town was established in 1777, the first civic settlement in Alta California not associated with a mission or presidio. State marker
The town was California's first state capital (1849 - 1851). State marker

Camp San José (2)
(1883), San Jose
A temporary CA National Guard summer (July) training camp.

Camp Terrill was the July 1888 CA National Guard summer training camp held here.

Pigeon Point Radar Station
(1942 - 1944), near Pescadero
A WWII early warning anti-aircraft radar station (SCR-270), one of 65 stations built along the Pacific Coast. Also known as Station B-84. It was no longer in operation after July 1944. Located southwest of town. Nearby is the Pigeon Point Lighthouse (built in 1872).

Santa Cruz State Training Camps
(various dates), Santa Cruz
Various units of the CA National Guard held annual summer training camps here over several years.
Camp Stoneman (1) (1885)
Camp at Santa Cruz (1887) Regular Army troops from the Presidio in San Francisco.
Camp Miles (1889)
Camp Waterman (1890)
Camp Markham (1891)
Camp Columbus (1892)
Camp Dimond (1894, 1901) at Laveaga Heights.

Monterey Bay WWII Defenses
(1942 - 1944), Monterey County, various locations
WWII coastal defense shore patrol base camps, outposts, and mobile gun batteries defending Monterey Bay were located at:
Davenport, one detachment Battery C, 76th Field Artillery Battalion.
Santa Cruz, Battery F, 54th Coast Artillery Regiment, and Company M and two platoons Company L, 125th Infantry Regiment.
Capitola, Regiment HQ (less 1st and 2nd Battalions) and HQ 3rd Battalion (less Batteries E, F, G), 54th Coast Artillery Regiment.
Pinto Lake, Tank Company and HQ 3rd Battalion, 125th Infantry Regiment.
Gilroy (Wheeler Auditorium), HQ 125th Infantry Regiment (less detachments), and Headquarters, Monterey Sub-Sector, Northern California Sector, Western Defense Command.
Moss Landing, Company L (less two platoons), 125th Infantry Regiment.
Fort Ord, 301st Cavalry Recon Troop, and Company B, 133rd Engineer Combat Battalion.
Del Monte, Battery C, 76th Field Artillery Battalion.
Presidio of Monterey, Company I (less two platoons), 125th Infantry Regiment.
Point Pinos, Battery E, 54th Coast Artillery Regiment.
Point Joe, one platoon Company I, 125th Infantry Regiment.
Carmel, one platoon Company I, 125th Infantry Regiment.

Anti-aircraft defenses for Monterey Bay, Fort Ord, the Monterey Presidio, and other local high-value facilities, were provided by the following units under the command of the 4th Anti-Aircraft Command, Western Defense Command (exact gun positions undetermined):
HQ and HQ Battery, 65th AAA Group, at Fort Ord.
65th AAA Gun Battalion
255th AAA Automatic Weapons Battalion
2nd Battalion, 69th Coast Artillery Regiment (AA)
862nd AAA Automatic Weapons Battalion

Camp McQuaide
(1926 - 1946), near Watsonville
Coastal Artillery training camp for the CA National Guard. Also spelled MacQuaide in some documents. The post was originally located in Capitola until moved to Rancho San Andrés six miles west in 1938. It was Federalized in 1940. Home of the 250th Coast Artillery until 1940. Became the main Army prison of the west coast region in 1943. The site is now the Monterey Bay Academy. Many of the original buildings have been converted for new use. See also 250th Coast Artillery by Walter Dangel

San Juan Bautista Garrison (1)
(San Juan Bautista State Historic Park)
(1820's - 1846), San Juan Bautista
Spanish troops were stationed here to protect Mission San Juan Bautista (1797). The Mexican garrison was captured by the U.S. Army in 1846. State marker

Camp Low
(1864 - 1865), San Juan Bautista
The National Hotel was rented for use as a barracks while the Army tracked down criminal outlaws in the area. Also known as San Juan Bautista Post (2).

Camp at Fremont Peak
(Fremont Peak State Park)
(1846), near San Juan Bautista
A hastily built log and earthwork fort on Gavilan (Fremont) Peak, south of town at the county line. For four days Captain John Frémont expected a battle with Californios. He left for Oregon when the battle never materialized.

Camp at San Felipe (2)
(1855), San Felipe
A temporary post on the county line, north of Hollister.

Camp Forbes
(1912), near Serra Village
A joint Regular Army - National Guard training camp (August 1912) held at "Rancho El Toro" located along the Monterey - Salinas Highway (CA 68). Located on the west side of the Salinas River, near Spreckles.

Fort Ord
(Fort Ord Dunes State Park)
(1917 - 1994/present), Seaside
Originally named Gigling Military Reservation, or Camp Gigling, then Camp Ord from 1933 until 1940, of which the Presidio of Monterey became a subpost after WWII. Before 1940 this was a subpost of the Presidio, used as a manuever training area and firing range for field artillery and cavalry units. Became a major infantry training center in WWII and afterwards. Camp Clayton was the administrative and main barracks area in 1940. Much new construction after 1974. The post was closed in 1994, but a small portion of the base remains under Army control and is now called the Presidio of Monterey Annex, which includes the Ord Military Community (military housing, base PX, post chapel, and commissary), California National Guard and Army Reserve units, the DoD Center, and the gunnery ranges. Most of the land was returned to the state and became the home of California State University, Monterey Bay. The remainder was given to UC-Santa Cruz to be developed into the UC MBEST (Monterey Bay Education, Science and Technology) Center. The northern section near Marina has been commercially developed. The former Fritzsche Army Air Field (built 1960's) is now the Marina Municipal Airport. The seaside portion of the original reservation became the Fort Ord Dunes State Park, opened to the public in 2009 after years of environmental cleanup. In April 2012 all remaining Federal land was declared as the Fort Ord National Monument, managed by the Federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM). See also Military Yearbook Project by Richard Morgan

Presidio of Monterey
(Monterey State Historic Park) (U.S. Military Reservation)
(1770 - 1866, 1902 - present), Monterey
Originally called the Royal Presidio de San Carlos de Monterey (El Presidio Royal de Monterey). Located on Presidio Hill (Fort Hill), it protected the original Mission San Carlos Borroméo (1770). The mission was relocated in 1771 (see below), and the original structure then became the Royal Presidio Chapel (burned in 1789, rebuilt 1794). Below Presidio Hill was a V-shaped log and adobe revetment gun battery called El Castillo (1792) with small wooden barracks. Adobe barracks were built later. A new gun battery was built by Mexico in 1822 above El Castillo on Presidio Hill. This new work was also known as Fort Catesby and Jones' Fort (1) by the American Navy for one day in 1842 during a great misunderstanding. In 1846 the original presidio was named Fort Stockton (2) by the U.S. Navy, also known as Post at Monterey by the Army after 1847. On Presidio Hill above the old Mexican battery the American Navy built Fort Mervine (1846) (aka Fort Savannah), renamed by the Army in 1847 as Fort Halleck, then Monterey Redoubt (1847 - 1852). Today only one ravelin remains, mounted with five display guns, located behind the Army museum. The nearby Sloat Monument was dedicated in 1910. The entire reservation was designated Monterey Ordnance Depot from 1852 - 1856. Inactive until 1865, it was then designated Monterey Barracks in the last days of the Civil War. The inactive reservation was re-opened in 1902, and redesignated Ord Barracks in 1903. The present name was restored in 1904 in honor of the original Spanish post. The Army School of Musketry was located here from 1907 - 1913. The Military Intelligence Service Language School (aka Army Language School) was moved here from Fort Snelling, MN in 1946, and became today's Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.

Founded in 1826, Monterey was the Mexican capital of Alta California until U.S. statehood in 1849. See also Monterey's Custom House from Monterey County Historical Society

Located two miles west on Point Piños in Pacific Grove was the Spanish redoubt Fort Point of Pines (1820 ?). It was mistakenly called Fort Cape of Pines by the Americans. It was in ruins by 1842.

The Citizens' Military Training Corps (CMTC) conducted annual summer training on the grounds of the Del Monte Hotel from 1920 to 1932, known as Camp Del Monte, until Camp John Pryor was established on the grounds of the Presidio for all future training. The CA National Guard also used the Del Monte Hotel grounds for annual summer training from 1920 to 1928.

Camp Kearny (1)
(1847), Monterey
Located on the outskirts of town. Original site of the Army's (New York Volunteers) landing just prior to the capture of the town in April 1847.

Mission San Carlos Borroméo del Rio Carmelo ?
(1771 - unknown), Carmel-by-the-Sea
A Spanish mission guard was posted here for a time after Father Junipero Serra established the new mission.

Point Sur Radar Station
(Point Sur State Historic Park)
(1942 - 1947), near Big Sur
A WWII early warning anti-aircraft radar station (SCR-271), one of 65 stations built along the Pacific Coast. Also known as Station B-85. Concrete foundation ruins still exist on private property. The state park is accessible only through private land, and therefore only open to guided tours.

Mission San Antonio de Padua ?
(1771 - unknown), Jolon
A Spanish mission guard was posted here for a time after Father Junipero Serra established the new mission. The present church (restored) was built in 1813. The mission was secularized by the Mexican authorities in 1834. Located on an 85-acre holding within the modern Fort Hunter Liggett Military Reservation (established in 1940). See also Friends of the Historic San Antonio Mission

Camp San Miguel
(1849 - 1851), San Miguel
An Army post located at Mission San Miguel Archangel (1797).

Camp Atascadero
(1904, 1908, 1910), Atascadero
A temporary camp of instruction at the Atascadero Ranch for various Federal and state units from across the state. Also called Camp Ringgold in 1908. The 1904 encampment was located at the Henry Ranch on Atascadero Creek south of Templeton.

Cambria Radar Station
(1942 - 1945), near Cambria
A WWII early warning anti-aircraft radar station (SCR-271), one of 65 stations built along the Pacific Coast. Also known as Station B-86. Possibly located at Ragged Point near San Simeon.

Morro Bay Battery
(1942 - 1945), Morro Bay
A field emplacement for two mobile 155mm guns, under the umbrella of the Northern California Sector of the Western Defense Command. Garrisoned by Battery B (less one platoon), and one section Battery G, 54th Coast Artillery Regiment. Most likely located about four miles south of the Morro Bay harbor entrance, at a site on Army Road at the southern end of the extensive sand spit that is part of the northern section of present-day Montaña de Oro State Park (est. 1965) that separates Morro Bay from the ocean. This battery was to protect the Morro Bay Naval Section Base and the Amphibious Training Base established in 1941.

The main Army cantonment area was located nearby at the former C.C.C. camp at Morro Bay State Park (est. 1934), known as Camp Morro Bay. Located here was HQ 1st Battalion, and Battery G (less four sections), 54th Coast Artillery Regiment. Located at the Estero Bay Boat Landing Station was one platoon Battery B, 54th CA, with one platoon Company H, and Company K (less one platoon), 125th Infantry Regiment.

San Luis Obispo Post
(1864), San Luis Obispo
A temporary Army detachment post.

Camp San Luis Obispo (State Military Reservation)
(1928 - present), San Luis Obispo
A CA National Guard training area located five miles west of town. Originally named Camp Merriam (2) until Federalized in 1940 for WWII training, with much new construction. Inactive from 1946 to 1951, the post then became an Army Signal Corps replacement training area. Returned to the state in 1953. Part of the original site is now a prison and grazing land. The remainder is still in use by the state guard and Army Reserve. The California Military Academy is located here. On post is the Camp San Luis Obispo Museum and Visitors Center and the Civilian Conservation Corps State Museum.

San Luis Obispo Bay Batteries
(1942 - 1944), Shell Beach
A coastal defense shore patrol base camp and a mobile 155mm gun battery, garrisoned by Battery A (less one platoon), 54th Coast Artillery Regiment, and one platoon of Company K, 125th Infantry Regiment, was located at Shell Beach. Located nearby at Avila Beach was one platoon Battery A, 54th CA. Battery G, 54th CA was located at Camp San Luis Obispo.

Camp Persifer F. Smith
(1851), Fresno County ?
A temporary camp used for signing a peace treaty with the Indians. Located in the southern San Joaquin valley at Texon Pass.

Chouchille Camp
(1856), near Chowchilla
A temporary post.

Camp Crane
(1852), Bass Lake
A temporary encampment of troops from Fort Miller. Site is now under water below the Bass Lake Dam (1909).

Fort Miller
(Millerton Lake State Recreation Area)
(1851 - 1858, 1863 - 1864), near Friant
Originally here (or possibly 10 miles downriver ?) was Camp Barbour, with a blockhouse, built by the local militia (Mariposa Battalion) for an Indian commission to negotiate treaties. The U.S. Army built a new post one month later, named Camp Miller (3) until 1852. It was regarrisoned for the Civil War by the CA Volunteer Cavalry. The site of Fort Miller is now under water at Millerton Lake. The original blockhouse was relocated in 1944 to Roeding Park in Fresno when the Friant Dam was completed.

Fort Washington
(1850 - 1852), near Pinedale
A settlers' log and earthwork defense against Indians, located about 10 miles downriver from Fort Miller, at the Stockton-Visalia stage crossing of the San Joaquin River. Built by Wiley Cassady and C.D. Gibbes. Destroyed by a flood in 1852.

Camp Pinedale
(1942 - 1946), Pinedale
The Army Air Force's and Signal Corps' Western Signal Aviation Unit Training Center, used to train troops on the electronic systems (radios and radars) for the Aircraft Warning Service (AWS) and Fighter Control. Site located 8 miles north of downtown Fresno on what was then vacant land near an existing mill-workers housing area. The housing area was briefly used as a Japanese assembly center in May-July 1942. The area is now within the Fresno city limits, north of Herndon Road one mile west of Blackstone Avenue. There is an historical marker just east of Blackstone Avenue on the site of the railroad stop where the Japanese were brought to Fresno. The tracks were removed and are now a bike trail. The granite maker is on the side of the trail below an overpass of CA Highway 41.

Camp McClear
(1851), Fresno
A temporary post on the Fresno River.

John Poole's Fort
(1850), Reedley
A fortified stage station at the ferry crossing of the Kings River, near Wah-to-he Creek, about 20 miles southeast of Fresno. The original building was bought and relocated in 1968 to a new site about three and one-half miles from the river, and was to be restored to its original appearance.

Fort Visalia
(1852 - unknown), Visalia
A settlers' town fort once located between Garden, Bridge, Race and Oak streets. It was still standing in 1860.

Camp Babbitt
(1862 - 1866), Visalia
A CA Volunteer Cavalry post (crude huts and tents) located one mile north of the then town center. Established mainly to put down seccesionist sentiments among the local populace, and also possible Indian uprisings. Also known as Post at Visalia. The post was moved in 1865 about one mile northeast of the original site. The original site is marked, and occupied by the Visalia ice plant at Race and Santa Fe Streets. The second site is unmarked in the vicinity of Ben Maddox Way and Houston Avenue.

Camp Tulare
(1871), near Porterville
A temporary Army post on the Tulare Indian Farm located three miles east of town.

Camp Sequoia National Park
(Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks)
(1886/1898 - 1913), Sequoia National Park
The Army, usually the Cavalry, made regular patrols of the western National Parks beginning in 1891, but the first permanent encampment here wasn't established until 1898. This was actually a collection of campsites throughout the Sequoia and General Grant (Kings Canyon) Park areas. Camps include: Camp at the Summit, Camp Three Rivers, Camp Mineral King, Camp Big Red Hill, Camp Davenport's Place, Camp Washburn's Ranch, Camp General Grant Park, Camp Red Hill, Camp Millwood, Camp Giant Forest, Camp Weishan's Hill, Camp Wisher's Hill, Camp Old Colony Mill, Camp Kaweah, and Camp Sequoia, some usually named after the nearest post office. The present NPS park headquarters is located on the site of the main camp. See also Col. Charles Young, Leader and Builder from NPS

Located at or near the summit of Mount Whitney (14,450 feet elevation) was the Mount Whitney Signal Station (1883 - 1904) operated by the Army Signal Corps. There are no records that indicate its actual use as such, however.

Camp Burton (1)
(1851), Tulare County
A temporary camp used for signing a peace treaty with the Indians. Located on Paint Creek within today's Sequoia National Forest.

Camp Belt
(1851), Kings Canyon
A temporary camp used for signing a peace treaty with the Indians. Also known as Camp on King's River.

Camp at Adobe Meadows
(1862), near Benton
A temporary outpost (June-August) of Camp Independence (2). Located northwest of town, about 25 miles from Aurora, NV. (See also Camp (near) Aurora, NV)

Fort Benton
(1849), Benton Hot Springs
A temporary post.

Camp at Bishop Creek
(1863), near Bishop
A temporary post.

Fort on Pine Creek
(1861 - 1865 ?), Independence
A settlers' defense against Indians, built by Charles Putnam. The town was originally named Little Pine.

Camp Independence (2)
(1862 - 1877), near Independence
Established on American Independence Day in 1862. Built by the CA Volunteer Cavalry to protect area miners and prospectors. Soldiers lived in caves in the side of a ravine during the first year before barracks were built nearby. Sometimes referred to as Fort Independence. The post suffered some minor damage during an 1872 earthquake. Located on the north side of Oak Creek, about two and one-half miles northeast of town, site off of Shabbell Lane (Old US 395). The Commanding Officer's quarters was later moved to 303 Edwards Street (US 395). The Fort Independence Indian Reservation was established in 1915. State marker

Lone Pine Post
(1862), Lone Pine
A detachment post of Camp Independence (2).

Camp Coster
(1862 - 1863), near Cartago
Located along or near the southern shore of Owens Lake. Established after Camp Independence (2).

Special thanks to Dan Sebby, for information from the California State Military Museum website.

Northern California - page 1 | San Francisco Bay Area - page 3 | Sonoma-Marin Headlands - page 4
Southern California I - page 5 | Southern California II - page 6

QUESTIONS ? Please send any corrections and/or additions to this list to:
"Updates" at NorthAmericanForts.com