American Forts: West


Camp Adams | American Station | Fort Bent | Bent's New Fort | Bent's Old Fort
Fort Big Spring | Boyd's Fort | Buffalo Springs Post | Buzzard's Roost | Fort Cass
Fort Cedar Point | Fort Chambers | Camp near the City of Denver | Camp Collins
New Camp Collins | Fort Collins | Colorado City Fort | Fort Convenience | Camp Curtis
Denver Depot and Arsenal | Post at Denver | Dora Fort | Camp Elbert | Fort El Puebla
Camp Evans | Fort Fauntleroy | Camp Fillmore | Fraeb's Post | Fort Francisco
Francisco Plaza | Franktown Stockade | Frémont's Fort | Camp at Frémont's Orchard
Gantt's Fort | Fort George | Fort Gerry | Camp Gilpin (a) | Camp Gilpin (b)
Godfrey's Ranch Station | Gray's Ranch Station | Fort Huerfano | Fort Independence
Fort Jackson | Julesburg Post | Julesburg Station | Fort Junction | Post of Junction
Post of Junction City | Junction Station | Fort Lancaster | Fort Latham | Latham Station
Fort Le Duc | Fort Lincoln | Camp Livingston | Fort Logan | Fort Lookout | Fort Lupton
Fort Lyon | New Fort Lyon | McShane's Fort | Marcy's Camp | Fort Maurice | Milk Fort
Camp Monument Dell | Fort Moore | Fort Morgan | Mormon Camp | Fort Namaqua
Namaqua Station | Fort Nepesta | Oakes' Folly | Old Stone Fort | Parker Stockade
Pike's Blockhouse | Station on Pike's Peak | Camp Point of Rocks | Camp at Pueblo
Fort Pueblo | Post of Pueblo | Quick Ranch Fort | Camp Rankin | Fort Rankin
Post at Reed's Springs | Fort Reynolds | Camp Robbins | Fort St. Vrain | Camp Sanborn
Fort at Sangre de Cristo Pass | Fort Sedgwick | Fort Sheridan | Spanish Fort | Sterling Fort
Fort Stevens | Fort Talpa | Post at Trinidad | Camp Tyler | Camp Union | Post at Valley Station
Vasquez Fort (1) | Fort Vasquez (2) | Vasquez's Post (1) | Camp Wardwell | Fort Washington
Camp Weld | Camp George West | Camp Wheeler | Fort Wicked | Fort William | Fort Wise

Western Colorado - page 2



Last Update: 04/FEBRUARY/2015
Compiled by Phil and Pete Payette - ©2015 American Forts Network

Camp Livingston
(1835), Julesburg
A short-lived encampment during Col. Henry Dodge's exploratory expedition.

Julesburg Post
(1864), Julesburg
A temporary Army garrison was assigned to occupy the town. No purpose-built barracks were provided by the government.

Fort Sedgwick
(1864 - 1871), near Ovid
Originally known Post at Julesburg Station, then renamed Camp Rankin in 1864, and Fort Rankin in 1865. It was burned by Indians in February 1865 in retaliation for the Sand Creek Massacre in November 1864. A stone monument (1940) is located on US 183 just east of town. Another monument (1931) is located near the site of the Old Julesburg stage station, about one mile east of the mouth of Lodgepole Creek, on Road 28 about three miles southeast of town.

Post at Valley Station
(1864 - 1865), near Sterling
An Overland stage station fortified by the Army during Cheyenne raids. The soldiers used corn bales for protection. Also called Fort Moore, after the Moore brothers (Charley and Jim), operators of the stage station. A monument (1933) is located on US 6 at the Overland Trail Museum south of town, which says the post was located about four miles north.

Sterling Fort
(1864 ?, 1875 ?), Sterling
A settlers' sod fort for defense against Indians. Marker located on US 138 about 2.5 miles southeast of town.

Godfrey's Ranch Station
(1864 - 1865), near Merino
An Overland stage station also referred to as American Station. Nicknamed Fort Wicked by the Cheyennes because of the fighting spirit of the station's agent, Holon Godfrey, who refused to give up. This was the only stage station in the region not captured or destroyed during the January 1865 Indian raids. A monument (1929) is located on US 6 south of town.

Junction Station
(1864 - 1865), north of Fort Morgan
A fortified stage station on the Overland Trail.

Fort Morgan
(1865 - 1868), Fort Morgan
Originally known as Post of Junction, Post of Junction City, Camp Tyler, and then Camp Wardwell until 1866. It was a sod and log fort built to protect the Overland Mail Route. Abandoned for Fort Laramie, WY, after the Union Pacific Railroad was completed to Denver. No remains. A D.A.R. marker is located in a small park on Riverside Avenue at Prospect Street. Exhibits and a model of the fort are at the (City of) Fort Morgan Museum located in City Park.

Camp Sanborn
(1864), Orchard
A Colorado Mounted Militia encampment on the Overland Trail, originally called Camp at Frémont's Orchard.

Fort (Elmer) Gerry
(late 1830's ? - 1840's), near Kersey
A trading post originally on the north side of the South Platte River at Crow Creek. Abandoned in 1840 and then later rebuilt on the south side of the river.

Camp Curtis
(1860, 1863), Latham
Used for 10 days in 1860, and another 10 days in 1863. The settlement, near Kersey, was founded in 1862 as Cherokee City.

Fort Latham
(1864), Latham
Possibly a fortified Overland stage depot (Latham Station), located six miles south of Kersey.

Fort Collins
(Old Fort Site Cultural Survey Project)
(1863 - 1867), Fort Collins
It was originally known as Camp Collins, located at an Overland stage station in Laporte on the Cache la Poudre River. It was established to protect the stage and mail routes. Abandoned in June 1864 due to flooding and was moved southeast to higher ground (New Camp Collins), then redesignated as a fort in August 1864. The town of Fort Collins was settled after 1872. The 1864 Officers' Mess (aka "Aunty Stone" Cabin) still exists, now located at the Heritage Center of the (City of) Fort Collins Museum and Discovery Center on Mathews Street, which also has a model of the fort as well as several displays. A stone marker denoting the actual fort site is located near the Union Pacific Railroad powerhouse on College Ave., north of downtown.

Camp Point of Rocks
(1862), Laporte
An Army encampment west of town.

Robert Boyd's Fort
(1865), near Laporte
Two sod forts built by a settler to protect his property along the Cache la Poudre River. The sod house and sod corral still exist.

Fort Namaqua
(1862 - 1865), near Loveland
Located four miles west of town at Buckhorn and Dry Creeks, this was a settler's stone fort built by Mariano Modina. In 1862 it became a fortified stage station (Namaqua Station) on the Overland Mail Route. Most of the remaining buildings burned down in 1936. A monument (1931) is located west of town on Namaqua Street at entrance to Namaqua Park.

Fort St. Vrain
(1837 - 1844), near Gilcrest
A Bent and St. Vrain Fur Co. trading post on the South Platte River at St. Vrain Creek, it was 125 feet by 100 feet, with adobe walls two feet thick and 14 feet high. Also known as Fort Lookout and Fort George. It was abandoned after rival fur companies gave up their operations in the area. A settlement occupied the site in 1859 - 1860. A granite monument was erected in 1911.

Fort Vásquez (2)
(1835 - 1842, 1864 ?), Platteville
A 1936 W.P.A. reconstruction of an adobe trading post of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company. It is 100-by 125 feet with 12-foot high walls. The fort was sold in 1840 and abandoned in 1842. Possibly used by Union troops in the 1860's. Replaced Vasquez's Post at Denver. The South Platte River now flows five miles further west than it once did here. Museum operated by the Colorado Historical Society. Admisson fee. 1932 monument on site, located about 1.5 miles south of town on US 85. Another website from || Malachite's Big Hole

Fort Jackson
(1833 - 1838), Ione
A Pratte and Chouteau Co. trading post that was bought out by St. Vrain in 1838 and closed after only another season. Originally called Henry Fraeb's Post. Site located about three miles west of town.

Fort Lupton
(1836 - 1845, 1864), Fort Lupton
An independent trading post built by Lancaster Lupton, originally called Fort Lancaster. This was the first permanent settlement of northern Colorado. Abandoned between 1845 and 1859, it had various uses including an Overland stage station and as a temporary settler refuge and Army post in 1864. The sheltered adobe ruins of this fort still exist on private property. A monument (1929) is located on US 85 just north of 14th Street. The South Platte Valley Historical Society reconstructed the fort on adjacent property beginning in 2003, opened to the public in September 2011. See also Malachite's Big Hole || New Fort Lupton from

Fort Junction
(1864), near Longmont
A Colorado Militia (Home Guards) 100-by-130-foot sod fort with two watch towers, located at the junction of Boulder Creek and St. Vrain Creek, about five miles east of town. Built for local settler protection. Served as a way station for several years afterwards. A monument (1939) is located on the frontage road at the junction of I-25 and CO 119.
(NOTE: not to be confused with Junction Station or Junction City near Fort Morgan.)

Fort Chambers
(1864), near Boulder
A settlers' sod and timber fort with four bastions or blockhouses, located at the Chambers Ranch on Boulder Creek, about four miles east of town.

Louis Vásquez's Post (1)
(1832 - 1835), near Denver
A stockaded log cabin trading post also known as Vasquez Fort (1) and Fort Convenience. Located on Clear Creek about five miles north of downtown. Replaced by Fort Vasquez (2) at Platteville.


¤ Camp Weld
(1861 - 1865), Denver
A training area on the South Platte River for the Colorado Volunteers. Almost destroyed by fire in 1864, but rebuilt. The site is marked by a monument (1934) at West 8th Avenue and Vallejo Street. Originally called Camp Elbert.

¤ Camp Evans
(1864), Denver
A temporary state militia cavalry camp located on the South Platte River about two and one-half miles northeast of the city center.

¤ Camp Wheeler
(Lincoln Park)
(1864), Denver
A temporary state militia tent encampment while Camp Weld was being rebuilt after a devastating fire. The site is located at Lincoln Park at Osage Street and 13th Avenue.

¤ Denver Depot and Arsenal
(1859 - 1865), Denver
A large warehouse located along Cherry Creek at present-day Larimer and 11th Streets, now the site of the Auraria Campus, University of Colorado-Denver. Used as a town refuge in 1864 during the Indian troubles.

¤ Fort Logan
(Friends of Historic Fort Logan)
(1887 - 1946), Sheridan
Originally Camp near the City of Denver or Post at Denver (1887 - 1889) until the permanent fort was built. Also called Fort Sheridan until the War Department switched names in 1889 with the fort in Chicago, Illinois. It was established to consolidate all other Federal posts in the state. Became a subpost of Lowry Army Air Base in 1939. Most of the 136 buildings still exist on the 1000-acre post, which became the Colorado Mental Health Institute in 1961.

¤ Camp Alva Adams
(1898), Denver
A Colorado Volunteer Infantry tent city that lasted less than a month before shipping out to the Philippines. Located near City Park, east of Colorado Boulevard between 25th and 27th Avenues. A marker is (was ?) located at the City Park golf course.

Camp Gilpin (a)
(1861), near Central City
A temporary Colorado Militia encampment in Quartz Valley, about one mile from town.

Camp Gilpin (b)
(1861), Golden
A temporary Colorado Militia encampment.

Camp George West
State Correctional Facility - Camp George West
(1903 - 1998 ?), Golden
A CO National Guard training area located three miles east of the city. Originally established as the State Rifle Range, renamed in 1934. Enlarged to 700 acres by 1938, the site now encompases about 375 acres still under state control. Since the late 1950's the complex has been shared by various state agencies, including the CO Dept. of Transportation, Colorado Emergency Management, the State Correctional Center at Golden, and the Colorado State Patrol Academy. The CO NG vacated the post in the late 1990's or early 2000's.

Buffalo Springs Post
(1865), Buffalo Creek ?
A temporary Army post.

Parker Stockade
(1864), Parker
A settlers' defense at the "Twenty Mile House". A monument (1945, relocated in 1988) is located on Main Street east of Parker Street.

Franktown Stockade
(1864), Franktown
A settlers' defense against Indians. A monument (1946) is located just south of the US 83/US 86 junction.

Fort Lincoln
(1864), near Larkspur
A civilian 100-foot square log defense against Indians, located on the later William Crull (Krull) Ranch (1870), at what was then known as Huntsville (1859-1880's), about two miles north of town and six miles south of Castle Rock. Provided refuge for about 25 families and/or 150 men during six months of Indian raids. Also known as (Daniel) Oakes' Folly. Site located on the grounds of Yogi Bear's Jellystone Camp-Resort. A reconstruction or replica of the fort is planned for the future.

Fort Cedar Point
(1867 - 1868), Cedar Point
A Federal post located near the present intersection of I-70 and CO 86 south of Agate. Soldiers occupied the grounds surrounding the train station.

Post at Reed's Springs
(1867), near Ramah
A Federal post located about eight miles north-northwest of town.

Frémont's Fort
(1843), near Peyton
A natural butte located northeast of town that served as a temporary defensive location during John Frémont's 1843 exploratory expedition.

Quick Ranch Fort
(1868), Palmer Lake
Ben Quick's stockaded ranch and house (1861). Also known as Fort Washington. The entire population of West Plum Creek Valley forted up here for nearly two months.

David McShane's Fort
(Palmer Lake Historical Society)
(1865 - 1868), near Monument
A settler's small circular stone fortification. Rock ruins remain next to a 1870 stone house. A monument (1950) is located on Davidson Street, off of CO 105 near the railroad overpass between Monument and Palmer Lake. Also known as Old Stone Fort.

Camp Monument Dell
(1869), Monument
A temporary Federal encampment. The town was originally called Henry Station.

Colorado City Fort
(1864 - 1868), Colorado Springs
A settlers' stockaded log fort. A monument (1936) is located at 2818 West Pikes Peak Avenue. The plaque was reported stolen in January 2012.

Station on Pike's Peak
(1873 ?), near Cripple Creek
A small Army detachment was posted on Pike's Peak for a time.

Pike's Blockhouse
(1806), Cañon City
Built on the west bank of Sand Creek at the start of winter, before Pike's Stockade was built. Two men were left here with supplies until the Spanish captured them, along with the others at Pike's Stockade, in January 1807 (see also CO page 2). D.A.R. monument (1922) located on US 50 west of town near the old state prison guard tower.

Fort Maurice
(1830 - 1846), near Florence
An octagonal pine-log trading post on Adobe Creek along the Hardscrabble Trail, built by French-Canadian trader Maurice Le Duc. Also known as Fort Le Duc. Mexicano settlers located at the mouth of the creek took refuge in the fort in 1838 during Indian troubles. American settlers arrived on Adobe Creek in 1840. The settlement was abandoned in 1846. Traces of the fort's well are located on private property west of a marker on CO 67 about seven miles south of town.

Dora Fort
(1848 - 1849), Dora
A small supply fort built by American traders at the head of Grape Creek Canyon. Site now underwater at the DeWeese Reservoir near Westcliffe.


¤¤ Fort Nepesta
(1840's - 1854), Pueblo
A trading post and adobe fort built by former American Fur Company employees. Destroyed by Indians. Site located on Union Avenue near the railroad depot.

¤¤ Fort Pueblo
(Pueblo County Historical Society)
(1842 - 1854), Pueblo
An adobe 60-yard square trading post established by American "free" trappers. Utes attacked and killed everyone on December 25, 1854. A near full-size reconstruction is located at the El Pueblo Museum at 301 North Union Avenue, and a commemorative marker is located just south of City Hall. See also Malachite's Big Hole

¤¤ Fort Independence
(1846 - 1847), Pueblo
A Mormon Battalion log fort that served as a winter camp for the sick and infirmed and family dependents. Also provided refuge for the first group of Mormons that travelled west in advance of the "Pioneer Band", known also as the Mormon Colony Winter Camp. Located south of Fort Pueblo, about "a half-hour's ride". No remains. A monument (1946) is located at Locust Street and Stanton Ave., behind the Runyon baseball field.

¤¤ Camp at Pueblo
(1846 - 1847), Pueblo
An Army camp (?), or possibly a reference for the Mormon colony camp (?).

¤¤ Fort William
(1824 - 1828), Pueblo
The Bent and St. Vrain Fur Co. built their original stockade in this vicinity, and abandoned it when they built their new fort near La Junta. (see Bent's Old Fort below)

¤¤ John Gantt's Fort
(1832 - 1841), near Pueblo
A fur trade post located about five miles east of the mouth of Fountain Creek on the Arkansas River. It was also known as Gantt's Post. It was renamed Fort Cass before it was abandoned.

¤¤ Post of Pueblo
(1867), Pueblo
A Federal garrison post located north of the town center. Abandoned when Fort Reynolds was built nearby.

Fort Huerfano
(1830's ?), near Avondale
A Mexicano adobe fort with two heavily timbered circular towers located on the Huerfano River about six miles south of town.

A Mexicano encampment was located at the mouth of the Huerfano River in 1845, built by Charles Autobees.

Fort Reynolds
(1867 - 1872), Avondale
A Federal adobe fort located on the Arkansas River, about three miles above the mouth of the Huerfano River. First called (Col. Randolph) Marcy's Camp while the fort was being built. Replaced Post of Pueblo. A monument (1932) is on US 50 about one mile east of town. Faint traces of rock wall lines are located on private property behind the marker.

Camp Fillmore
(1864 - 1867), near Boone
A Colorado Volunteers militia encampment on the Arkansas River about two miles west of town, established just prior to the Sand Creek Massacre. No remains.

Bent's Old Fort (National Historic Park)
(Cultural Landscape Interpretation)
(1828/33 - 1849), near La Junta
This was an adobe-walled trading post built by the Bent and St. Vrain Fur Co.. Originally called (William) Bent's Fort or Fort Bent. This fort replaced Fort William in Pueblo. The U.S. Army used the fort as a supply base during the Mexican War. It was abandoned and blown up by Bent after a failed attempt to sell it to the U.S. Army and a cholera epidemic that nearly wiped out the Indians. It was reconstructed in the 1930's, and again in 1975. This was the first white settlement in the state. See also Malachite's Big Hole

Fort El Puebla
(1830's), Bent County
Also called Milk Fort. A series of single-story adobe dwellings arranged around an enclosed courtyard. A short-lived settlement of American fur trappers, Mexican mestizos and Indians, originally called Pueblo de Leche (Milk Town). Exact location undetermined. It was already a flourishing community when described by an American journalist in 1839.

Buzzard's Roost
(1842 - 1843), near Las Animas
A fur trade post on the Arkansas River at Adobe Creek.

Fort Lyon
(1852 - 1889), Fort Lyon
This was originally the trading post known as (William) Bent's New Fort, at a site on the north bank of the Arkansas River eight miles west of Lamar, near Wiley. It was leased to the Federal government in 1859. The Army named it Fort Fauntleroy, but changed it to Fort Wise in 1860. It was renamed again in 1862. The Upper Arkansas Indian Agency was located here from 1855 - 1864. The Sand Creek Massacre occurred near here in Chivington in November 1864. The post moved west to its present site in 1867 because of flooding (New Fort Lyon). The original site still has earthwork depressions, but no above ground structures or markers. After it was abandoned by the Army, the new post later became the U.S. Naval Hospital, Fort Lyon from 1906 to 1922. Became a V.A. Hospital in 1934, which used most of the original post buildings still standing. Became the Fort Lyon State Correctional Facility in 2001 for special-needs inmates. The adjacent Fort Lyon National Cemetery and the Kit Carson Chapel are open to the public. The state closed down the prison facility in late 2011, future status uncertain.

Fort Talpa
(1820 ?), near Farisita
A short-lived adobe Spanish outpost. It is unclear if this is the same as Fort at Sangre de Cristo Pass listed below.

Fort at Sangre de Cristo Pass
(1819 - 1821), near Farisita
A Spanish military post on Oak Creek about 1.8 miles north of the Sangre de Cristo (La Veta) Pass, built to defend the pass and the Taos Trail against a possible American invasion of New Mexico. The official Spanish name is unknown. Americans knew this fort simply as Spanish Fort. Possibly the same as Fort Talpa (?). One local legend states that about a half-dozen men of the garrison were massacred in 1820 by white men disguised as Indians.

Fort (John) Francisco
(1862 - 1866), La Veta
A settler's adobe fort at the Coucheras Ranch, also known as Francisco Plaza. It was a one-story structure enclosing three sides of a 100-foot square. It later became the local Denver and Rio Grande Railroad terminal after the branch line was built (circa 1876).

Fort Stevens
(1866), near Aguilar
A Federal post located on the Apishapa River that lasted only about a month (September - October). It was never completed before it was attacked by Utes at the end of September 1866 and then ordered to be abandoned.

Gray's Ranch Station
(1864), near Trinidad
A fortified stage station about four miles north of town.

Post at Trinidad
(1868), Trinidad
A Federal garrison post.

NEED MORE INFO: Fort Big Spring north of Kit Carson, Cheyenne County; possibly a settlers' fort or stage station.
Federal Army Camp Union (date and location ?); Camp Robbins (1860's) (location ?).

Also of interest is The Fort, a restaurant and gift shop located in Morrison on CO 8, was built in 1963 as a full-size replica of an adobe fur trading post in the style of Bent's Old Fort.

Western Colorado - page 2

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