Camp Adams |
American Ranche |
Antelope Station |
Camp at Ash Creek |
Fort Baker | Camp Baldwin | Big Thompson Station | Bijou Basin | Camp at Boulder
Boyd's Fort | Camp Buchanan | Camp Buchtel | Buffalo Springs Camp | Bull Ranch
Butts Ranch | California Ranch | Fort Cedar Point | Fort Chambers | Camp Chivington
Camp near the City of Denver | Coberly's Ranch | Camp Collins | New Camp Collins
Fort Collins | Fort Convenience | Camp Cooper | Fort Cottonwood | Crain's Ranch
Camp Curtis (1) | Camp Custer | Camp Davidson | Dennison Ranch/Station
Denver Depot and Arsenal | Post at Denver | Camp Elbert | Post at Empire City
Camp Evans (2) | H. Fraeb's Post | Franktown Stockade
Camp at Frémont's Orchard Station | Fort George | Fort Gerry | Fort Gibson | Gillette Station
Camp Gilpin (a) | Camp Gilpin (b) | Gitrell's Ranche | Godfrey's Road Ranche
Halfway House | Huntsville Fort | Irion's Fort | Fort Jackson | Julesburg Post
Julesburg Station | Fort Junction (1) | Post of Junction (2) | Post of Junction City
Junction Station (2) | Camp on Kiowa Creek | Fort Lancaster | Camp at Laporte | Fort Latham
Latham Station | Lillian Springs Ranche | Fort Lincoln | Little Antelope Fort
Living Spring Station | Camp Livingston (1)(2) | Fort Logan | Fort Lookout | Fort Lupton
Camp McDonald | Fort Moore | Camp More | Fort Morgan | Murray's Ranch | Fort Namaqua
Namaqua Station | Fort Oakes | Oakes' Folly | Camp Orman | Parker Stockade | Camp Peabody
Fort Pella | People's Fort | Camp Point of Rocks (1) | Poverty Ranch | Camp Rankin
Fort Rankin | Reed Springs Station | Camp Relief | River Bend Military Post
Riverside Station | Camp Robbins | Fort St. Vrain | Camp Sanborn | Sand Hill Springs
Fort Sanders | Fort Sedgwick | Fort Sheridan | Camp Sopris (1) | South Platte Fort
Camp Spooner | Camp Stanton | Sterling Fort | Twenty-Mile House | Camp Tyler
Camp Union | Valley Station | Vasquez' Fort (1) | Fort Vasquez (2) | Vasquez' Post (1)
Virginia Dale Station | Camp Wardwell | Fort Washington (1) | Washington Ranche
Camp Weld | Camp George West | Camp Wheeler | Fort Wicked | Camp Wilder
Western Colorado - page 2 | Southeastern Colorado - page 3
FORTS AND FIGHTS OF THE MOUNTAIN WEST
FORT WIKI - COLORADO
Camp Livingston (1)
(1835), near Julesburg
A short-lived encampment during Col. Henry Dodge's exploratory expedition.
The Colorado Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company A) established Camp Livingston (2) in June 1863. It is believed to have been in the same general location.
(1860's), near Ovid
A CO Cavalry camp located at a stage station just east of Fort Sedgwick.
(1864 - 1871), near Ovid
Located about a mile from the original stage station, first known as Post at Julesburg Station (or Julesburg Post) when originally established in May 1864 by the CO Cavalry. In September 1864 construction began on Camp Rankin (named as such by November 1864) by the 7th Iowa Cavalry, Company F, and later known as Fort Rankin by January 1865. When established the military camp was nothing but a large sod corral enclosing the troops' tents. Log hutments were built later. The stage station was burned by Indians in February 1865 in retaliation for the Sand Creek Massacre in November 1864, and the fort was put under a brief seige. The post was formally renamed again in September 1865. A stone monument (1940) is located on US 183 just east of 2nd Street in town, which says the fort was located due south 1.25 mile.
A stone monument (1931) at the site of the Old Julesburg stage station (1859) is located about one mile east of the mouth of Lodgepole Creek, on County Road 28 about three miles southeast of town. The Julesburg settlement and stage station was relocated in March 1866, the again in June 1867 to the north side of the river along the new railroad. The town was finally relocated again in 1880 to its present site about six miles east of the original location, and was actually known as Denver Junction until 1886.
(1860's), Sedgwick County
An Overland stage station occupied by the CO Cavalry, located east of Antelope Station. Also known as Gitrell's Ranche, Poverty Ranch, Clearwater, and/or Henderson.
Post at Antelope Station
(1860's), Sedgwick County
An Overland stage station occupied by the CO Cavalry. Undetermined location, more than 10 miles from Fort Sedgwick. Attacked and destroyed by Indians in January 1865.
Lillian Springs Ranche
(1860), Logan County
A CO Cavalry camp at an Overland stage station. Also known as Sand Hill Springs.
(1860), Logan County
A CO Cavalry camp at an Overland stage station. Located 2.3 miles east of Mound Station.
Post at Dennison Ranch and Station
(1860's), Logan County
A CO Cavalry post at an Overland stage station located near the mouth of Cedar Creek.
Post at Valley Station
(1864 - 1865), near Sterling
An Overland stage station (1859) fortified by the CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company C - January-February 1865; Company A - July-August 1865) during Cheyenne raids. One company (unspecified) of the 3rd Regiment Colorado Cavalry was also used during 1864 to patrol the Overland route east of the station. The soldiers used bundled corn bales for protection against the Indians. Also called Fort Moore, after the Moore brothers (Charley and Jim), operators of the stage station. A stone monument (1933) is located on US 6 at the Overland Trail Museum just east of town, which says the post was located 3.8 miles north. The museum itself was built to resemble an adobe-style trading post or fort.
The Washington Ranche (aka Fort Washington (1)) was a nearby stage station located about six miles northeast of town, also operated by the Moore brothers. A detachment of the CO Cavalry was posted here in 1862. This ranch was also attacked by Indians in January 1865.
(1864 ?, 1875 ?), near Sterling
A settlers' sod fort about 200 feet square, for defense against Indians. A D.A.R. stone monument is located on US 138 about 2.5 miles northeast of town, which says the sod fort was located 4200 feet southeast.
(1865), near Sterling
A stage station (1862) located just southwest of town, occupied by the CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company A) during May-June 1865. Also known as Bull Ranch. Attacked by Indians in January 1865, then abandoned.
South Platte Fort
A settlers' fort located on the south side of the South Platte River, across from the present town, composed of a solid wall 30 inches thick with only one entrance and numerous portholes for defense.
Godfrey's Road Ranche
(1864 - 1865), near Merino
An Overland stage station located just across the Washington County line south of town. Nicknamed Fort Wicked by the Cheyennes because of the fighting spirit of the station's agent, Holon Godfrey, who refused to give up. This was the only stage station in the region not captured or destroyed during the January 1865 Indian raids. A stone monument (1929) is located on US 6 about 2.5 miles south of town.
American Ranche was a nearby Overland stage station (in Logan County), garrisoned by the CO Cavalry in May 1864. It was attacked by Indians in January 1865, killing four men.
Buffalo Springs Camp
(1865), Washington County
A temporary Iowa Cavalry (7th Regiment, Company F) camp (April 1865) at the Buffalo Springs stage station.
(1865), near Fort Morgan
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Companies A and G) encampment (July-August 1865) located at a stage station about six miles east-northeast of town.
Junction Station (2)
(1864 - 1865), north of Fort Morgan
A fortified stage station (1860) on the Overland Trail, garrisoned by units of the CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company A - April 1864; 2nd Regiment - January-June 1865).
(1865 - 1868), Fort Morgan
Originally known as Post of Junction (2), Post of Junction City, Camp Tyler, and then Camp Wardwell until 1866. It was a sod and log fort built to protect the Overland Mail Route. Initially established and garrisoned by the CO Cavalry. Abandoned for Fort Laramie, WY, after the Union Pacific Railroad was completed to Denver. No remains. A D.A.R. marker is located in a small park on Riverside Avenue at Prospect Street. Exhibits and a model of the fort are at the (City of) Fort Morgan Museum located in City Park.
Little Antelope Fort
(1860's), Morgan County
A settlers' post located on the old cut-off road from Fort Morgan to Denver.
A Colorado Mounted Militia (or CO Cavalry ?) (1st Regiment, Companies C and H) encampment (Co. C - January-February 1864, Co. H - January-June 1864) on the Overland Trail, originally called Camp at Frémont's Orchard Station (possibly a nearby site ?). One company of the 11th Ohio Cavalry was also posted here in January 1864.
An Army encampment (July 1857) of troops under Col. Sumner, located about one mile west of town.
(late 1830's - 1854 ?), near Kersey
A fur trading post built by Elmer (or Elbridge) Gerry originally located on the north side of the South Platte River at Crow Creek. Abandoned in 1840 and then later rebuilt on the south side of the river.
Camp Curtis (1)
(1860, 1864), Latham
A military post supposedly used for 10 days in April 1860 (1st CO Cavalry, Company B), and also later used by the CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company C) for another 10 days in January-February 1864. Possibly the same site as Fort Latham (below).
A fortified Overland stage depot (Latham Station), located six miles south of Kersey. Possibly the same site as Camp Curtis (1) (above). The civilian settlement was founded in 1862 as Cherokee City.
Virginia Dale Station
(1865), Virginia Dale
An Overland stage station (1862) garrisoned by the 7th Michigan Cavalry, Company M (July 1865), and later by a company (unspecified) of the 21st New York Cavalry (October 1865). The station still exists on private property.
(Old Fort Site Cultural Survey Project)
(1864 - 1867), Fort Collins
It was originally established by the CO Cavalry in March 1863 as Camp at Laporte or Camp Collins, located at an Overland stage station in Laporte on the Cache la Poudre River, to protect the stage and mail routes. Abandoned in June 1864 due to flooding and was moved southeast to higher ground (New Camp Collins), then redesignated as a fort in August 1864. The town of Fort Collins was settled after 1872. The 1864 Officers' Mess (aka "Aunty Stone" Cabin) still exists, now located at the Heritage Center of the (City of) Fort Collins Museum and Discovery Center on Mathews Street, which also has a model of the fort as well as several displays. A stone marker denoting the actual fort site is located near the Union Pacific Railroad powerhouse on College Ave., north of downtown.
Camp Point of Rocks (1)
(1862), near Laporte
A Kansas Cavalry (9th Regiment, Company B) encampment west of town (July 1862). Here or nearby the CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company M), and also two companies of the 11th Ohio Cavalry, later occupied what became the first Camp Collins (see above) (March-July 1863).
(1864), near Laporte
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company C) post (July-August 1864) located two miles east of town.
Robert Boyd's Fort
(1865), near Laporte
Two sod forts built by a settler to protect his property along the Cache la Poudre River. The sod house and sod corral still exist.
(1862 - 1865), near Loveland
Located three or four miles west of town along the north bank of the Big Thompson River at Buckhorn and Dry Creeks (at Miravalle), this was a settler's stone fort built by Mariano Medina, who first settled here in 1858 in a log cabin. In 1862 the fort became a fortified stage station (Big Thompson Station or Namaqua Station) on the Overland Mail Route. Most of the remaining buildings burned down in 1936. A monument (1931) is located west of town on Namaqua Street at entrance to Namaqua Park.
Fort St. Vrain
(1837 - 1845/1854), near Gilcrest
A Bent and St. Vrain Co. fur trading post on the east bank of the South Platte River opposite St. Vrain Creek, it was 127 by 106 feet, with adobe walls two feet thick and 14 feet high. First known as Fort Lookout and then as Fort George before it was renamed again. It was partially shut down in the spring of 1845 only after rival fur companies were forced to give up their local operations in the area due to the Bents' relentless trading tactics. Reported "in ruins and deserted" in the summer of 1846 by journalist Francis Parkman, but it was actually only intermittently used during each winter season after 1845, with no resident manager after 1850. It was part of the three-post Upper Platte and Arkansas Indian Agency from 1846 - 1854 (with Fort Laramie, WY, and Bent's New Fort, CO), serving the Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes. A temporary settlement supposedly occupied the site in 1859-60. A D.A.R. granite monument was erected on the site in 1911. What remained of the fort's adobe walls were finally leveled in 1951. The one-acre site became Weld County property in 1952. In 2001 the site was transferred from the county to the Platteville Historical Society, which fenced-in the monument and the fort's corner markers and created a publicly accessible pocket-park on Monument Road, off of County Road 40. "Wildcat Mound" is located directly opposite the fort site, on the west bank of the river due south of Milliken.
Fort Vásquez (2)
(1835 - 1842, 1864 ?), Platteville
A 1936 W.P.A. reconstruction (on the original site) of an adobe trading post of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company. It is 100 by 125 feet with 12-foot high walls. It had replaced Vasquez' Post (1) on Clear Creek at present-day Denver. The fort was sold in 1840 to Lock, Randolph and Company, but was eventually abandoned in 1842. Reported in ruins by John C. Frémont by 1843, the site was possibly later used by Army or Territorial Militia troop detachments in 1864. Museum operated by the Colorado Historical Society. Admisson fee. 1932 monument on site, located about 1.5 miles south of town on US 85. Another website from GhostTowns.com || Malachite's Big Hole
(1836 - 1838), near Ione
A Pratte and Chouteau Co. log stockade trading post that was bought out by the Bent and St. Vrain Co. in 1838 and then closed and burned to the ground. Originally called Henry Fraeb's Post. Site was originally located on the west side of the South Platte River (as it flowed at the time) at the head of Platte Valley Ditch, about three miles west of town. The South Platte River channel now flows about five miles further west than it once did through here.
(1836 - 1844, 1864), Fort Lupton
An independent trading post built by Lancaster Lupton, originally a crude wooden stockade called Fort Lancaster before it was rebuilt with adobe in 1837, and soon renamed Fort Lupton by popular usage. This was the first permanent white settlement of northern Colorado. Left abandoned until 1859, it later had various uses including as an Overland stage station, and also as a temporary settler refuge and militia (CO Cavalry, 3rd Reg. Co. B) detachment post during the August 1864 Indian troubles. The sheltered adobe ruins still exist on private property. A monument (1929) is located on US 85 just north of 14th Street. The South Platte Valley Historical Society reconstructed a replica fort on adjacent property beginning in 2003, opened to the public in September 2011. See also Malachite's Big Hole || New Fort Lupton from WesternExplorers.us
(1858), near Brighton
A trade post located four miles southwest of town.
(1864), Weld, Adams, or Arapahoe County ?
An undetermined military post (August 1864) reportedly located somewhere near Denver (?).
Camp on Kiowa Creek
(1864), Adams County
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company C) camp (July-August 1864) on Kiowa Creek, said to be equidistant from Denver and Fort Morgan. Possibly the same site as Camp Robbins (below).
(1864 - 1865), Adams County
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Companies E, G, and H) encampment (July-December 1864, February, March-May, July, August 1865) on the cut-off road to Denver about 45 miles from Camp Wardwell (Fort Morgan), at the Living Spring stage station. Probably located south of Prospect Valley (Weld County).
Fort Junction (1)
(1864 - 1868 ?), near Longmont
A Colorado Militia (Home Guards) 100-by-130-foot sod fort with two watch towers, located at the junction of Boulder Creek and St. Vrain Creek, about five or six miles east of town. Originally built for local settler protection (July 1864), the post later served as a way station for travelers for several years afterwards. A monument (1939) is located on the frontage road at the junction of I-25 and CO 119.
(NOTE: not to be confused with Junction Station (2) or Junction City near Fort Morgan)
A settlers' fort located on the south bank of St. Vrain Creek, just south of town.
(1864), near Boulder
A settlers' sod and timber fort with four bastions or blockhouses, located at the Chambers Ranch on Boulder Creek, about four miles east of town, just north of Valmont. The Burlington Home Guards were posted here. Demolished in 1902.
Camp at Boulder
A CO Cavalry camp (September 1864).
A Colorado National Guard (Cavalry) "camp of instruction" located just west of the University of Colorado and overlooking Boulder Creek.
Louis Vásquez' Post (1)
(1832 - 1835), near Denver
A stockaded log cabin trading post also known as Vasquez' Fort (1) and Fort Convenience. Located on Clear Creek (aka Vasquez Fork) near its confluence with the South Platte River, about five miles north of downtown. Replaced by Fort Vasquez (2) at Platteville.
(1858), near Denver
A military camp located on the South Platte River about three miles north of the city.
¤ DENVER POSTS
¤ Camp Weld
(1861 - 1865), Denver
A training area on the east side of the South Platte River for various units of the Colorado Volunteer Cavalry. Almost destroyed by fire in 1864, but rebuilt. The site is marked by a monument (1934) at West 8th Avenue and Vallejo Street, one-half mile south of Colfax Ave.. Originally called Camp Elbert until renamed in 1862.
¤ Camp Evans (2)
A temporary state militia camp located on the South Platte River about two and one-half miles northeast of the city center, just east of Argo. The 3rd Regiment of Colorado Volunteers trained here before fighting at Sand Creek (November 1864).
¤ Camp Wheeler
A temporary state militia tent encampment while Camp Weld was being rebuilt after a devastating fire. The site is located at Lincoln Park, between Osage to Mariposa Streets and 11th to 13th Avenues. The 1st Regiment, Company C of the CO Cavalry was posted here during September-December 1864.
¤ Denver Depot and Arsenal
(1859 - 1865), Denver
A large military supply warehouse located along Cherry Creek at present-day Larimer and 11th Streets, now the site of the Auraria Campus, University of Colorado-Denver. Used as a town refuge in 1864 during the Indian troubles.
¤ Fort Logan
(Friends of Historic Fort Logan)
(1887 - 1946), Sheridan
Originally Camp near the City of Denver or Post at Denver (1887 - 1889) until the permanent fort was built. At first it was officially named Fort Sheridan until the War Department switched names in 1889 with the military post in Chicago, Illinois. It was established to consolidate all other Federal posts in the state. Became a subpost of Lowry Army Air Base in 1939. Most of the 136 buildings still exist on the 1000-acre post, which became the Colorado Mental Health Institute in 1961.
Camp Cooper, a Colorado State Militia / National Guard training camp, was located here in 1889.
¤ Camp Alva Adams
A Colorado Volunteer Infantry tent city that lasted less than a month before shipping out to the Philippines. Located near City Park, east of Colorado Boulevard (Park Hill) between 25th and 27th Avenues. A marker is (was ?) located at the City Park golf course.
¤ Camp Baldwin
A U.S. Army WWI training camp for various units (Cavalry, Field Artillery, Signal Corps, Hospital Corps) at Overland Park.
(1863), near Denver
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Companies A and G) camp (May-June 1863) located six miles south of the city.
A military camp located on the plateau south of Bear Creek.
(1862), near Denver
A CO Cavalry camp (February 1862) located 12 miles from Denver, near Wolhurst (?) (undetermined location).
Camp Gilpin (a)
(1861), near Central City
A temporary Colorado Cavalry (? Regiment, Company B) encampment in Quartz Valley, about one mile from town.
(1900's), Central City
A CO National Guard camp.
Post at Empire City
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company G, and 2nd Regiment, Company F) recruiting center (December 1862).
Camp Gilpin (b)
A temporary Colorado Cavalry (2nd Regiment, Company D) encampment.
Camp George West
State Correctional Facility - Camp George West
(1903 - 1998 ?), Golden
A CO National Guard training area located three miles east of the city. Originally established as the State Rifle Range (1903 - 1919), it was also known (or part thereof) as Camp McDonald in 1906, and as Camp Buchtel in 1907. The state guard's Mobilization Camp of 1916 was here. Last renamed in 1934, and enlarged to 700 acres by 1938, the site now encompases about 375 acres still under state control. German POWs were briefly held here during WWII. Since the late 1950's the complex has been shared by various state agencies, including the CO Dept. of Transportation, Colorado Emergency Management, the State Correctional Center at Golden, and the Colorado State Patrol Academy. The CO NG vacated the post in the late 1990's or early 2000's.
(1908 - 1912), Bailey
A CO National Guard encampment.
A settlers' defense at the Twenty-Mile House Overland stage depot, at the junction of the Smoky Hill Trail and the Santa Fe Trail stage lines, so named because it was 20 miles from Denver. The settlement was renamed Parker sometime after 1870 when a post office was established. A monument (1945, relocated in 1988) is located on Main Street just east of Parker Road (CO 83). The stage depot was located about one-quarter mile west of the monument.
(1864, 1872), Franktown
A settlers' defense against Indians. The settlement was also known as California Ranch (1859) until 1864. Destroyed by fire in 1875. A monument (1946) is located just south of the CO 83/CO 86 junction.
John Irion's Fort
(1860's), Douglas County
A settlers' fort located about one mile south of Giles' Ranch at Spring Valley (location ?)
(1910), Douglas County
A CO National Guard camp located in Big Jimmy Gulch (location ?).
(1863), Douglas County
A CO Cavalry (1st Regiment, Company A) detachment post (October 1863) located at the Coberley's Ranch stage stop (1858 - 1864) on the west side of West Plum Creek, about 35 miles south of Denver. Also known as Halfway House. In 1864 the Coberlys and other settlers moved eastward to East Plum Creek because of lack of fresh water, where the stage resumed operations until 1869.
(1864), near Larkspur
A civilian 100-foot square (or circular) log stockade defense against Indians, located on the later William or Sarah Crull (Krull) Ranch (1870), at what was then known as Huntsville (1859-1877 ?), about two miles north of town and six miles south of Castle Rock. Located on the east side of East Plum Creek, just west of Hunt Mountain. The stockade encircled all the ranch buildings, and provided refuge for about 25 families and/or 150 men during six months of Indian raids. Also known as Fort Oakes or Oakes' Folly after its builder, Daniel Oakes. Also known as the Huntsville Fort, or the People's Fort. Site located on the grounds of Yogi Bear's Jellystone Camp-Resort. A replica of the fort was proposed by the campground owners.
(1862), near Larkspur
A CO Cavalry camp (February 1862) located near the headwaters of East Plum Creek about 45 miles south of Denver, about nine miles north of the divide with Monument Creek.
Fort Cedar Point
(1867 - 1868), Cedar Point
A Regular Army post located near the present intersection of I-70 and CO 86, about three or four miles east of town. Soldiers occupied the grounds surrounding the train stop.
River Bend Military Post
(1870), Elbert County
A temporary U.S. Army Cavalry and Infantry post (July-August) located at River Bend on Big Sandy Creek, west of Limon.
(1862), near Boyero ?
A CO Cavalry camp (August 1862) located 66 miles northwest from Old Fort Lyon on the route to Denver.
Post at Reed Springs Station
(1867), near Ramah
A Regular Army (25th Infantry, Company F, and 7th Cavalry) post located at the stage station (1859) on the Smoky Hill South Trail about eight miles north-northwest of town.
Post at Bijou Basin
(1865), near Calhan
A CO Cavalry post (1st Regiment, Company A) (March-April 1865) located near the head of either East or West Bijou Creek near the county border, north of town.
NEED MORE INFO:
Colorado Cavalry camps (undetermined/unknown locations): Camp at Ash Creek (Aug. 1865) (1st Reg. Co. C); Crain's Ranch (January 1864) (1st Reg. Co. G); Fort Gibson (Sept. 1865); Camp Sopris (1) (1860's) (not located at the town of Sopris in Las Animas County); Camp Stanton (March 1863, Sept. 1863) (1st Regiment HQ).
Federal Army Camp Union (date and location ?).
Also of interest is The Fort, a restaurant and gift shop located in Morrison on CO 8, built in 1963 as a full-size replica of a hacienda-style adobe-walled compound, such as Bent's Old Fort or other such trading posts of the period.
Western Colorado - page 2 | Southeastern Colorado - page 3
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