American Forts: West


Acton Post | Fort Adams | Fort Alexandria | Amelia Lake Post | Anoka Fort | Camp Averill
Camp Baker | B. Baker's Post (1) | Fort Beauharnois | Camp Beaver Creek | Camp Belle Plain
Fort Belmont | Post at the Bend of the Des Moines River | Camp Big Cottonwood
Birch Coulee Post | Bird Island Post | Blue Earth Fort | Camp Bobleter | Fort Bon Secours | Fort Britt
Broker's Block | Brownton Fort | Buck Stockade | Buffalo Fort | Buffalo Creek Post
Buffalo Lake Post | Camp/Fort Burns | Cannon River Posts | Fort Chanyaska
Chippewa Station Post | Clark's Lake Stockade | Clearwater Fort | Camp Coldwater
Cottonwood River Post | Fort Cox | Camp Crisp | Camp Crooks | Fort Des Moines
Dickson's Post (1) | Dickson's Post (2) | Elk River Post | Excelsior Stockade | Fair Haven Fort
Fort Fairmont | A. Faribault's Post | D. Faribault's Post | O. Faribault's Post | Folsom's Fort
Forest City Stockade | Garden City Fort | Gerry's Fort | Glencoe Fort | Camp/Fort Goodhue
Great Oasis Post | Fort Greene | Green Lake Fort | Greenleaf Fort | Greenwood Stockade
Grey Cloud Island Posts | Fort Hanska | Harriman's Fort
Post at the Head of the Little Cottonwood River | Henderson Fort | Heron Lakes Fort
Holes' Fort | Fort Hooker | Hudson's Post | Fort l'Huillier | Hutchinson Fort | Fort la Jonquière
Jorgenson's Stockade | Camp Joslin | Judson Post | Kandiyohi Lakes Post | Fort Kelso
Fort Kimbal | Kingston Fort | Lake Addie Fort | Lake George | Lake Johanna Post
Lake Talcot Post | Lake Traverse Post | Camp Lake View | Land's End Post
Cantonment Leavenworth | Leavenworth Fort | Fort Le Sueur (1) | Fort Le Sueur (2)
Fort Le Sueur (3) | Le Sueur Fort (4) | Fort Lewis | Camp Lexington | Camp Lincoln
Little Rapids Post | Little Spirit Lake Fort
Camp Livingstone | Long Lake Post | Lynd's Post | McLeod's Post (1)
McLeod's Post (2) | McNutt's Fort | Camp McPhaill | Maine Prairie Fort | Manannah Post
Mankato Fort | Maple Lake Fort | Fort Marin | Camp Marsh | Martin Lake Fort
Marysburg Fort | Milford Post | Camp Miller | Monticello Fort | Mooers' Post (1)
Camp Mueller | New Auburn Fort | Cantonment New Hope | New Sweden Stockade
Camp at New Ulm | New Ulm Fort | Norway Lake Post | Post at the Old Crossing
Oliver's Grove Post | Otter Tail Crossing Post | Patterson's Post | Fort Paynesville
Fort Perrot | Camp Pierce | Pipe Lake Fort | Fort Pipestone | Pomme de Terre Post
Camp Pope | Camp Porter | Preston Lake Post | Camp Ramsey (1) | Camp Ramsey (2)
C. Read's Post | Read's Landing Posts | Reed's Fort | Camp Release | Fort Renville
Richmond Fort | Fort Ridgely | Robinson's Fort | Rockford Fort | Rocque's Post (1)
Rocque's Post (2) | Fort Rush | Fort St. Anthony | St. Cloud Forts | St. Joseph Forts
Fort St. Peter's (1) | St. Peter Post (2) | Sacred Heart Post | Sauk Centre Forts | Shakopee Fort
Fort de les Sioux | Fort Skedaddle | Sleepy Eye Fort | I. Slocum's Fort (1) | Fort Slocum (2)
Camp Snelling | Fort Snelling | South Bend Fort | Camp Steele | Three Lakes Post
Tivoli Fort | Two Lakes | Fort Union | Camp Van Duzee | Fort Vert | Fort Washington
Watertown Fort | Watonwan Post | Well's Post | Camp Wilken | Williams' Fort
Post at Winnebago Agency | Winnebago City Fort | Wood's Post | Camp Yellow Medicine

Northern Minnesota - page 2

Last Update: 12/JULY/2020
Compiled by Pete Payette - ©2020 American Forts Network

Fort Le Sueur (3)
(1755), near La Crescent
A French fort.

Fort Perrot
(1683 - 1687, 1689 - unknown), Read's Landing
A log fort built by Nicolas Perrot. Briefly abandoned due to Indian hostilities. Apparently later known as Fort Bon Secours, as shown on a 1700 French map. It was erroneously depicted as the site of Fort Le Sueur (2) on a 1703 French map, in reference to Fort Le Sueur (1) which was actually at Prairie Island.

Read's Landing Trading Posts
(1810 - 1860), Read's Landing
Site of several trading posts, including Augustin Rocque's (Sr.) Post (1) (1810 - 1830), Augustin Rocque's (Jr.) Post (2) (1835 - 1860), Edward Hudson's Post (1840 - 1845), Charles Read's Post (1847 - unknown), and several others from 1840 - 1860.

Camp Lake View
(1884 - 1930 ?), near Lake City
A MN National Guard summer training camp, used for most years over several decades. Replaced by Camp Ripley.

Fort Beauharnois
(Frontenac State Park)
(1727 - 1728, 1732 - 1737, 1750 - 1756), Frontenac
A French 100-foot square palisaded fort, probably located on Sandy Point. Abandoned due to Sioux hostility, it was rebuilt four years later on higher ground. Also known as Fort de les Sioux. Probably abandoned again in 1737. Rebuilt again in 1750 and renamed Fort la Jonquière. It was abandoned a final time in 1756 to send the troops east to fight the British.

Fort Marin was a small French outpost located just to the east in 1750.

Wells' Trading Post
(1839), Frontenac
A trading post, possibly operated by the American Fur Co., located on "Point des Sables". The American Fur Co. did have a post here earlier in 1830 (name undetermined).

Fort Le Sueur (1)
(1694), Prairie Island
A French trading post on "Isle Pelée" (Bald Island), built by Pierre Charles Le Sueur.

Oliver's Grove Post
(1832 - 1834), Hastings
An independent trading post operated by Joseph Brown. Site located at 2nd and Vermillion Streets. The town was originally named Oliver's Grove, after U.S. Army Lt. William Oliver, who had a wintering supply camp here in 1819-20 when the river froze. Brown was also present then.

Grey Cloud Island Trading Posts
(1836 - 1839), Grey Cloud Island
Several different civilian trading posts were established here.

Camp Ramsey (2)
(1898), St. Paul
A Spanish-American War muster-in camp for state troops, located at the State Fairgrounds west of Snelling Ave. and north of the railroad. After an outbreak of typhoid fever, several companies moved to Camp Snelling on the Fort Snelling Reservation.

Camp Van Duzee
(1898), St. Paul
A Spanish-American War muster-out camp. Site located at University and Hamline Aves., across the railyard from Camp Ramsey (2).

Fort Snelling (State Park)
(Friends of Fort Snelling)
(Fort Snelling Upper Post)
(Mississippi National River and Recreation Area - NPS)
(1819 - 1858, 1861 - 1879/1946), St. Paul FORT WIKI
Originally a temporary stockaded encampment known as Cantonment New Hope and Cantonment Leavenworth until 1820, located on the south side of the Minnesota (St. Peter's) River, just above its confluence with the Mississippi River. Flooding forced the rebuilding of the camp on a new site on the west bank of the Mississippi River, just north of the Minnesota River, called Camp Coldwater, about one and one-half mile from the site of the permanent fort, which was started in 1820. Known as Fort St. Anthony (for the nearby St. Athony Falls) or Fort St. Peter's (1) (for the river) until officially renamed in 1825. The St. Peter's (Dakota) Indian Agency was established in 1819, and it was supposed to be the last Federal Indian Factory established on the frontier when Congress shut down and closed the system in 1822, before construction was completed on the permanent fort and Indian Agency buildings in 1823. The Indian Agency was located outside the fort proper, about one-quarter mile west. The fort was sold in 1857 (troops were withdrawn in 1858), but was reactivated in 1861 as a state training center during the Civil War. Federal troops returned in 1866, making the post the headquarters of the vast Military Department of Dakota. New barracks were constructed in 1879 and in 1889 while the old post was mostly dismantled. In 1898 a quarantine camp (Camp Snelling) was established on the military reservation at the rifle range west of the fort, and also at a site about two miles north of the fort, after typhoid fever broke out at Camp Ramsey. The new "Upper Post" was fully developed by 1903-07. The upper post was used as a Regular Army mobilization and training center during the two World Wars. Transferred to the V.A. Hospital system after World War II. Camp Bobleter (1916) was a National Guard mobilization camp during the Mexican border crisis. Four of the original sixteen buildings of the historic post still stand, including the stone Round Tower; eleven others have been rebuilt around the old parade ground. Reconstructed beginning in 1969. Admission fee. The Minnesota Historical Society Museum is here.
See also History of the Upper Post from NPS || Fort Snelling: Breaking the Code from NPS
Historic Fort Snelling from Minnesota Treasures

Benjamin Baker's Post (1) (1820's/1830's) was located at the Coldwater site. It was a stone house that was used as a school beginning in 1837 by the Fort Snelling children. It later became the St. Louis House Hotel (aka Mackenzie Hotel), then burned down in 1859. Located east of the fort was an American Fur Co. post (date ?). Located south of the fort was a Columbia Fur Co. post (date ?). The Spanish had proposed a fort here in 1791 to halt British trade west, but was never built. The Minnesota River was originally known as the St. Peter's River until 1852.

Land's End Post
(1831), Minneapolis
A Columbia Fur Co. / American Fur Co. trading post located on the Minnesota River one mile upriver from Fort Snelling.

Camp Pierce
(1853), near Minneapolis
A temporary Army camp during the start of the Northern Pacific Survey (May - September 1853). Located about three miles northwest of Fort Snelling.

David Faribault's Post
(1846), Elk River
A fur trading post established by David Faribault, son of Jean Baptiste Faribault. Also known as Elk River Post.

Robert Dickson's Post (2)
(1805 - 1806), near St. Cloud
An independent fur trade post located just south of town along the Mississippi River.

Oliver Faribault's Trading Post
(The Landing - Minnesota River Heritage Park)
(1844 - unknown), Shakopee
An original period log cabin trading post relocated (1970's) at Historic Murphy's Village (renamed "The Landing" and under new ownership in 2002). The cabin was originally located a few miles west of its present site.

Fort Lewis
(1824 or 1826), near Chaska
An American Fur Co. trading post located at the "Little Rapids" of the Minnesota (St. Peter's) River, established and operated by Jean Baptiste Faribault, father to Oliver, David, and Alexander. Marker on Chaska Blvd. just west of town. Marker denotes 1824 date.

The North West Company earlier operated Little Rapids Post (1804), located just south of Carver. Jean Faribault was here at that time as a trader for the Nor'westers.

Cannon River Trading Posts
(1826 - unknown), Rice and Le Sueur Counties
Several American Fur Co. posts were established by Alexander Faribault at the "Bois Plumé" (Bois Plaine) on the Cannon River, located at the present-day sites of Faribault (1834), Morristown, and Waterville, as well as on the northern shore of Cannon Lake, opposite Warsaw.

Martin McLeod's Post (1)
(1840), near St. Peter
A fur trade post located across the Minnesota River from Traverse.

Fort Union
(Nicollet County Historical Society)
(1826 - 1840's), Traverse
A Columbia Fur Co. post, later an American Fur Co. post. The town was originally named Traverse des Sioux.

Fort l'Huillier
(1700 - 1702), near Mankato
A French post established by Pierre Charles Le Sueur for trading and mining copper. Also known as Fort Vert. Abandoned due to Indian hostility. The presumed site is located on a 70-foot high natural mound at the Minnesota and Blue Earth Rivers, now farmland. No trace currently exists of the fort. A marker is located on MN 66 just south of town.

Blue Earth County Forts
(1857), various locations
During March and April 1857 several settlements in the area were crudely and hastily fortified against Indian attack after the so-called "Inkpadutah Massacre" in March. These included:
McNutt's Fort, at the McNutt's Mill across the Minnesota River from Judson, in what was then known as Eureka or Dakota City/Mills (town abandoned in 1870 when bypassed by the new railroad). Actually located in Nicollet County.
John Williams' Fort, at South Bend;
W.R. Robinson's Fort, at Crystal Lake;
Folsom's Fort, on the north side of Garden City;
Edson Gerry's Fort, at Garden City on the south side of the Watonwan River;
Reed's Fort, at Vernon Center;
Isaac Slocum's Fort (1), on the Watonwan River in Lincoln Township, about five miles southeast of Madelia and about ten miles southwest of Lake Crystal. Slocum's stockade included his three-story 40x24 feet log cabin (with a watch tower on the roof), blacksmith shop, granary, and several barns for the use of the local militia's storage of supplies and munitions. This was probably the largest and most important of the local defenses at the time. No record of use during the 1862 Dakota War. The main cabin was said to have been demolished in 1894.

Some of these sites may have still been in use for defense during the 1862-63 Dakota War.

Cottonwood River Post
(1826 - unknown), near New Ulm
A trading post located at the mouth of the Cottonwood River (Rivière aux Liards).

Camp Mueller
(1898), New Ulm
A Spanish-American War muster-out camp located at the county fairgrounds in the northwest part of town.

Fort Ridgely (State Park)
(Nicollet County Historical Society)
(1853 - 1867), near Fairfax FORT WIKI
Mostly ruins of 17 building sites, with a reconstructed commissary that now serves as the museum and visitor center. An original log powder magazine was returned and restored in the 1930's after use as a local farm building. The MN Historical Society erected a tall granite monument here in 1896. The site became a state memorial in 1911. Located at the mouth of the Rock River south of town, this was the main Federal post associated with the 1862-63 Dakota War, originally built to patrol the newly established Sioux Indian Reservation. It was attacked twice in August 1862. Admission fee.

Camp Beaver Creek
(1860, 1863 ?), near Beaver Falls
A temporary Army camp on Beaver Creek, located 16 miles northwest of Fort Ridgely. Possibly used again in 1863.

Wood's Trading Post
(1856 - 1857), Jackson
A civilian post (single log cabin) operated by brothers Charles, William, and George Wood. Indians attacked the settlement (originally named Springfield) in 1857, killing Charles and William. The settlement was then abandoned for several years.

Lake Talcot Post
(1835), Talcot Lake
An American Fur Co. post.

Great Oasis Post
(1837), near Lowville
An American Fur Co. post operated by Joseph LaFramboise, located at the "Grande Lisière", overlooking Tibbetts Lake. Abandoned in the fall of 1837, it was burned down in 1838 by Indians. Remnants of the log stockade were reported to still stand in 1866 when the land was settled by brothers John and Bartlett Low.

James Lynd's Post
(1855 - 1857), Lynd
A fur trade post on the Redwood River.

Sacred Heart Post
(1783), Sacred Heart Township, Renville County
A trading post established by Charles Patterson at Patterson's Rapids on the Minnesota River, near Sacred Heart Creek. Also known as Charles Patterson's Post. The Sioux gave him the nickname "Sacred Hat" for the bearskin hat that he wore. The name was later corrupted.

Camp Yellow Medicine
(Upper Sioux Agency State Park)
(1863), Sioux Agency Township, Yellow Medicine County
An Army encampment on Yellow Medicine Creek at the Yellow Medicine Indian Agency, aka Upper Sioux Indian Agency.

Camp Livingstone (or Camp Lexington ?) (1860, 1862) was located just west of the Agency proper. The Agency provided barracks for one company of troops for much of 1860, and later two companies in the summer of 1862. They were burned down in August 1862. Also previously in the vicinity was Camp Belle Plain in 1857.

Camp Release
(State Historical Monument)
(1862 - 1864), near Montevideo
A military detention camp for any and all Sioux (Dakota) Indians that were suspected to have participated in the 1862 Uprising. Previously, the Sioux had agreed to release 270 of their captives here in September 1862 after the initial thrust of the war, hence the name. A monument (1894) is in the small wayside park on US 212.

Fort (Joseph) Renville
(Lac qui Parle State Park)
(1826 - 1851), Churchill
An independent fur post, mission and Chippewa dwellings at the southern end of Lac qui Parle Lake. Renville died in 1846, and the Dakota Indians forced the abandonment of the mission soon after. The Lac qui Parle Mission still exists.

Fort Adams
(1826 - unknown), Lac qui Parle Lake
A Columbia Fur Co. trading post. Undetermined exact location.

Fort Greene
(1826), near Odessa ?
An American Fur Co. post located on the "River au Gris of the St. Peters", below Big Stone Lake.

Hazen Mooers' Post (1)
(1823 - unknown), near Ortonville
A trading post located on the east bank of Big Stone Lake.

Also located on Big Stone Lake was Martin McLeod's Post (2) (1843 - 1846).

Robert Dickson's Post (1)
(1800), Lake Traverse
An independent fur trade post. Undetermined exact location.

Fort Washington
(1823 - unknown), Lake Traverse
A Columbia Fur Co. trading post. Taken over by the American Fur Co. in 1827. Undetermined exact location.

Lake Traverse Post
(1824 - 1826), Lake Traverse
An American Fur Co. trading post in competition with Fort Washington. Undetermined exact location.

For other Lake Traverse and Big Stone Lake posts see also SOUTH DAKOTA page.

Dakota War (Sioux Uprising) Defenses
(1862 - 1864), various locations
(see also IOWA page, and Northern MN page)

Pipestone County:
Fort Pipestone (1863), Pipestone, a reconstructed civilian stockade located at 104 9th Street NE.. Attacked on September 3, 1863. Garrisoned 10 days later by MN Volunteers, possibly from Capt. Whitney's expedition from New Ulm to Fort Lookout, South Dakota.

Cottonwood County:
Post at the Bend of the Des Moines River (1863 ? - 1865), a military detachment post located on the Des Moines River west of Windom.
Post at the Head of the Little Cottonwood River (1863 ? - 1865), a military detachment post located on the Little Cottonwood River east of Jeffers.

Jackson County:
Heron Lakes Fort (1862 - 1865), a civilian blockhouse located on the east side of Heron Lake, southwest of Wilder.
Fort Belmont (1862 - 1865), Jackson, a reconstructed civilian stockade on Belmont Lane. Originally located in Belmont Township. See also Fort Belmont from Jackson Area Chamber of Commerce
Fort Des Moines, near Petersburg, a civilian blockhouse located along the Des Moines River.
Little Spirit Lake Fort (1862 - 1865), Minneota Township, a civilian blockhouse located at Little Spirit Lake.

Martin County:
Fort Fairmont, Fairmont, a military fort located at the present-day Martin County Courthouse (1907) at 201 Lake Ave.. Marker on courthouse grounds.
Martin Lake Fort, near Northrop, a military fort.
Fort Chanyaska (1863), near Trimont, a military fort. A detachment of MN Volunteers was posted here in June 1863.
Fort Britt, on the state border at Iowa Lake, a civilian defense or a military fort.

Faribault County:
Blue Earth Fort, Blue Earth, a military fort.
Winnebago City Fort, Winnebago, a military fort.

Mower County:
Buck Stockade, Racine Township, a civilian stockade located about 1.5 miles southwest of Stewartville, just within the county line. Stone wall ruins existed into the 1970's before being cleared.

Blue Earth County:
Garden City Fort, Garden City, a military fort.
Judson Post (1863), Judson, a military detachment post at "Crisp's Store". Possibly also known as Camp Crisp.
South Bend Fort, South Bend, possibly a civilian defense, or the same as Camp Lincoln (listed below).
Camp Lincoln, South Bend, became a temporary POW camp in September 1862 for 400 captured Sioux warriors after the Sioux Uprising. By November 1862, 323 Indians were convicted, with 303 sentenced to death. Of those, only 38 were later hanged at Mankato in December 1862, the rest were eventually pardoned and released. Site located at the mouth of the Blue Earth River.
Mankato Fort, Mankato, a civilian defense.
Camp Porter (1863), Mankato, a military post used in the removal of the Winnebago Indians.
Tivoli Fort, near Eagle Lake, near the Tivoli Cemetery on County Route 183, about four miles southeast of downtown Mankato on the Le Sueur River.
Post at Winnebago Indian Agency (1862 - 1863), St. Clair, a military detachment post. The Winnebago Indians were relocated here from the Crow Wing River in 1855. They did not formally participate in the Dakota War, but were implicated nontheless by white settlers. They were removed to Fort Thompson, South Dakota in April-May 1863. Marker located on County Route 28 South about one-half mile south of town.

Le Sueur County:
Marysburg Fort, Marysburg, a military fort located about 2.4 miles north of Madison Lake.
Le Sueur Fort (4), Le Sueur, a civilian defense.

Watonwan County:
Fort Cox, Madelia, a local volunteer militia two-story octagonal blockhouse surrounded by a breastwork and ditch. Garrisoned by the MN Volunteers after June 1863 as Camp Wilken. Located on St. Paul Street (Center Ave.).
Ole Jorgenson's Stockade (1863), a civilian defense in Rosendale Township, southwest of Madelia. A squad of soldiers (eight men) from the 7th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry was stationed there in the spring of 1863. Attacked by the Sioux on April 16, 1863, killing one soldier and wounding two, but no civilians were apparently harmed. A historic marker of the event is located on County Route 16.
Camp Marsh (1863), near Groghan, southwest of Madelia, a military post.
Watonwan Post (1863), on Perch Creek in Antrim Township, a military detachment post.
Madelia and South Branch were attacked by the Sioux in April 1863.

Brown County:
Fort Slocum (2) (aka Fort Hanska), Lake Hanska Township (1863), a military fort located on Fort Hill at the southeast end of Lake Hanska (Lake Hanska County Park).
Leavenworth Fort, Leavenworth, a civilian defense.
Sleepy Eye Fort, Sleepy Eye, a civilian defense.
Camp Big Cottonwood (1863), probably located on the Cottonwood River south of Sleepy Eye, near Iberia (?), a military detachment post.
New Ulm Fort, New Ulm, a military fort. This may or may not be the same as Camp at New Ulm (1863). The town was attacked twice by the Sioux in August 1862. Settlers had barricaded themselves in at the Roebbecke Mill on South State Street, which was destroyed in the battle. The extant 1861 Forster Building at 117 North Broadway Street, the 1861 Erd Building at 108 North Minnesota Street, the Weddendorf House at 826 North Minnesota Street, and the now demolished 1859 Dacotah House at 105 North Minnesota Street were also used as defensive posts by the settlers. A Barricade marker is located at the 1861 Kiesling House at 220 North Minnesota Street.
Milford Post (1863), Milford, a military detachment post (huts and storehouses only).

Nicollet County:
St. Peter Post (2), St. Peter, a military detachment post.
New Sweden Stockade, New Sweden, a civilian sod-walled stockade just west of the Scandinavian Grove Church, erected after the Sioux attacked the town in August 1862. The town was never attacked again.

Sibley County:
Henderson Fort, Henderson, a civilian defense and military detachment post.
Camp (or Fort) Goodhue, Gaylord, a military detachment post located along what is now High Avenue. A 100-foot square stockade 13 feet high was built around several abandoned farm buildings that the soldiers hauled to the site.  It was evacuated by the end of May 1863, as the line of defensive forts moved west. The town was not founded until 1881.
Fort Kelso, Kelso Township, a military detachment post located at the old townsite of Kelso (1857), near the junction of the North and Middle Branches of the Rush River. Also known as Fort Rush.
New Auburn Fort, New Auburn, a military detachment post.

Redwood County:
Three Lakes Post (1863 ? - 1865), Three Lakes Township, south of Redwood Falls, a military detachment post.

Renville County:
Preston Lake Post, Preston Lake Township, a military detachment post located on the high ground on the west side of Preston and Allie Lakes, guarding the trail linking Fort Ridgely and Hutchinson. There may have also been infantry trenches that defended a few buildings by Buffalo Creek, about a mile south of the post on Preston Lake.
Two Lakes, possibly a civilian defense, or may be the same as Preston Lake Post.
Buffalo Lake Post, near Buffalo Lake, a military detachment post. Located on a small hill on the southwest shore of the former Buffalo Lake (drained in the early 1920's), earthwork remnants still existed until c.1930 when the site was turned into a community dump site. There may have been a log stockade.
Bird Island Post (1863 ? - 1865), Bird Island, a military detachment post.
Birch Coulee Post, a military detachment post near the Lower Sioux Indian Agency, at the mouth of Birch Coulee Creek near Morton. The Agency was attacked by the Sioux in August 1862, killing several people.

McLeod County:
Hutchinson Fort, Hutchinson, a timber stockade in the center of town providing refuge for 400 people. Attacked by the Sioux in September 1862. The site is now the Community Library (former City Hall), commemorated by a stone monument.
Glencoe Fort, Glencoe, a civilian defense.
Buffalo Creek Post (1863), near Stewart, a military detachment post located about one-quarter mile west-northwest of the present town. Remnants may possibly still exist (?) on private property.
Brownton Fort, Brownton, a civilian defense. Dakota warriors killed a family of five (?) living in a log cabin near Lake Addie, just east of town, in August 1862. A civilian defense (Lake Addie Fort) may have been built there soon afterwards, which may be one and the same as the Brownton Fort. In 1863 a military post known as Fort Hooker was located in this vicinity, about 12 miles south of Hutchinson.

Carver County:
Watertown Fort, Watertown, a civilian stockade.

Scott County:
Shakopee Fort, Shakopee, a civilian defense in an unfinished stone building that was originally built for St. John's College (1856). The building later became the foundation for St. Mark's Catholic Church (1868) at 350 Atwood Street South (still exists).
Clark's Lake Stockade, Blakeley Township, a civilian defense located on a small island at Clark Lake, about four miles southwest of Belle Plaine.

Wright County:
Monticello Fort, Monticello, a civilian stockade around the "Academy".
Clearwater Fort (1863), Clearwater, a civilian stockade around the First Congregational Church (1861) at 405 Bluff Street (still exists).
Buffalo Fort, Buffalo, a civilian stockade around a ginseng drying shed on the shore of Buffalo Lake.
Rockford Fort, Rockford, a temporary civilian stockade around a lumber mill on the Crow River at Bridge Street. It was taken down after only a few months in 1862, but rebuilt again in the summer of 1863 as a 40-foot square stockade with corner bastions and a dry ditch.
Maple Lake Fort, Maple Lake, a civilian log defense on a hill on Joseph Rackcliff's farm.
Harriman's Fort (1863), Annandale, a civilian stockade around Rev. M.S. Harriman's home, located on Pleasant Lake near Ridgeway Point at the north end of present-day North Pleasant Ave.. Also known as Fort Skedaddle.

Hennepin County:
Excelsior Stockade, Excelsior, a civilian stockade around the town schoolhouse.
Greenwood Stockade, (Old) Greenwood, a civilian stockade around the Beaver House Hotel. Located near Greenfield (?), near the Wright County line.

Anoka County:
Anoka Fort, Anoka, a civilian defense.

Meeker County:
Kingston Fort, Kingston, a civilian defense.
Forest City Stockade, Forest City (1862 - 1865), a 1976 reconstruction of a civilian stockade located on MN 24 one-half mile south of town. Attacked by the Sioux in September 1862. The military had a detachment posted here after 1862.
Manannah Post, Manannah, possibly a civilian defense initially, a log stockade was garrisoned by the military after June 1863.
Long Lake (or Acton) Post (1863), at or near Acton, a military detachment post with protective earthen sod walls. Acton was attacked by the Sioux in 1862.
Greenleaf (or Green Lake) Fort, Greenleaf, a civilian defense at Green Lake.
Pipe Lake Fort (1863), near Corvuso, a military detachment post. Earthen walls still exist on private property about one-half mile southeast of town off of County Route 1, which is the only original sod fortification built during the Dakota War that still remains today in the state. A model of the fort is on display at the neighboring McLeod County Historical Society.

Kandiyohi County:
Kandiyohi Lakes Post (1863 ? - 1865), Fahlun Township, a military detachment post at the western end of Big Kandiyohi Lake, in the vicinity of Kandiyohi County Park Number One on 45th Street SE.
Norway Lake Post (1863 - 1866), Arctander Township, a sod-walled military detachment post on the west side of Norway Lake, located in the vicinity of County Route 1 NW at 203rd Ave. NW. Built with blockhouses and armed with "Quaker guns". A marker is located at 6338 County Route 40 NW, at the parking lot of the Norway Lake First Lutheran Church.

Stearns County:
Fort Paynesville, Paynesville, a civilian defense initially, formed by sod walls connecting the schoolhouse and Methodist Church. Abandoned in August 1862 because it was deemed too small for adequate protection. The abandoned town was then attacked and burned by the Sioux in September 1862. Garrisoned by the military in October 1862 who built a new fort on the same site. It was described as a 100- by 200-feet log stockade with defensive earthworks and a lookout tower. A concrete pillar marks one corner of the fort at West Main and Bridge Streets.
Richmond Fort, Richmond, a civilian defense.
Maine Prairie Fort, Maine Prairie, a civilian 100-foot square stockade with a two-story blockhouse. Also known as Fort Kimbal.
Samuel Holes' Fort, St. Cloud, a "strong" civilian fort. There were also two other forts or blockhouses in town, including the fortified Broker's Block, a three-story commercial brick building that was surrounded by a barricade and with all the ground-floor windows planked over.
St. Joseph Forts, St. Joseph, three civilian timber blockhouses were built here.
Lake George, west of Spring Hill, a civilian defense or a military detachment post.
Sauk Centre Forts (1862 - 1865), Sauk Centre, a civilian log stockade was originally erected around the Pendergast Store at what is now the southeast corner of Sinclair Lewis Avenue (CR 17) and Main Street (US 71).  The two story store was used as a refuge and sleeping quarters while the military fort was built later in 1863, a few blocks southeast of Pendergast's. It had quarters for two troop companies, a hospital, quartermaster storehouse, stables for 200 animals, and two hewn log bastions (blockhouses) for 20 men each at the NW and SE corners. It became a supply post between St. Cloud and Fort Abercrombie, ND. Marker located at 7th Street South and Birch Street.
Fair Haven Fort, Fairhaven, a civilian log stockade around the town hotel once located on the northwest corner of the second city block (Lot 12, Section 45) south of the marker (1991) in Fairhaven Park. Site confirmed archaeologically in 2015, excavated in June 2016.

Pope County:
Amelia Lake Post (1863 ? - 1865), near Villard, a military detachment post.
Lake Johanna Post (1863 - 1865), southwest of Brooten, a military detachment post. Some remnants of the log stockade (or a possible cabin ?) still remain on a hill overlooking the lake and prairie.

Douglas County:
Fort Alexandria, Alexandria (1862 - 1866), a military log stockade to protect the town and the supply route between St. Cloud and Fort Abercrombie, ND. Originally known as Camp Joslin in 1862. A partial reconstruction was built in the 1970's. Original site is located about two blocks east of the present-day Runestone Museum at 206 North Broadway, where exhibits of the fort are on display.
Chippewa Station Post (1862 - 1863), at or near Chippewa Lake near Brandon, a military detachment post.

Grant County:
Pomme de Terre Post (1862 - 1865), at Pomme de Terre Lake, east of Elbow Lake, a military detachment post, also used on General Sibley's return trip from the Dakota Territory in September 1863.

NOTE: Settlers in northern Iowa also built several defenses (see also IOWA page).
(thanks to Craig Duehring for providing info on most of the 1863 military posts)
(thanks to David Vavreck for providing info on several other civilian defenses)

Camps of General H.H. Sibley's Sioux Campaign
(1863), various locations
(see also NORTH DAKOTA and SOUTH DAKOTA pages)
Army encampments during the June - September 1863 campaign to put down the Sioux Uprising.
Camp Pope (1863 - 1866), about one mile northwest of North Redwood. Established as a major supply depot at the head of navigation on the Minnesota River. General Sibley's starting point of the campaign in June 1863. Also used for General Sully's Expedition in 1864. Continued as a supply base for Fort Wadsworth, SD until 1866.
Camp Crooks, near Delhi, opposite the mouth of Sacred Heart Creek.
Camp Miller, on the west side of the Minnesota River, below the mouth of the Yellow Medicine River. The Battle of Wood Lake occurred near here in 1863.
Camp Baker, near Granite Falls.
Camp McPhaill, on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Montevideo.
Camp Ramsey (1), near Cerro Gordo and the southern end of Lac qui Parle Lake.
Camp Averill, on the west side of the Minnesota River, across from Odessa, on the Yellow Bank River.

Other known Army encampments in 1863 were:
Camp Burns, in Renville County near Fairfax, possibly on Little Rock Creek east of town. This may have been known later as Fort Burns (April 1864), which was said to be located 12 miles from Fort Ridgely and 12 miles from the Minnesota River, as a 30-man detachment subpost of Fort Ridgely.
(thanks to Craig Duehring for providing Fort Burns info)
Otter Tail Crossing Post (aka Post at the Old Crossing), in Wilkin County at the "Old Crossing" of the Otter Tail River near Everdell. A subpost of Fort Abercrombie (ND), used on General Sibley's return from the Dakotas in September 1863.

Undetermined locations:
Camp Steele

Northern Minnesota - page 2

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