American Forts: West


Alpine Fort | American Fork Fort | Fort Ashley | Camp at Battle Creek Settlement
Camp on Bear River | Fort Bear River | Camp Beaver Creek | Big Cottonwood Creek Fort
Camp Bingham Creek | Bingham's Fort | Box Elder Fort | Brown's Fort | Fort Buenaventura
Call's Fort | Canyon Station (1) (2) | Fort Kit Carson | Cedar Fort (2) | Cedar City Fort (3)
Centerville Fort | Camp Conness | Fort Crittenden | Fort Davis | Camp at Deep Creek Station
Camp Defiance | Camp Dodge | Camp Douglas | Fort Douglas | Draper Fort | Fort Duchesne
Echo Canyon Breastworks | Camp in Echo Canyon | English Fort | Camp at Farmington
Farmington Stockade | Farr's Fort | Fish Springs Station | Camp Floyd | Goodyear's Fort
Camp at Government Springs | Camp Grant | Grantsville Fort | Grouse Creek Fort | Heber Fort
Fort Herriman | Hobble Creek Fort | Holladay Fort | Hoytsville Fort | Fort Huntsville
Kamas Fort | Kaysville Fort | Camp Kent | Fort Kingston | Kingston's Fort | Camp Kostopulous
Lake City Fort | Lake Shore Fort | Layton Fort | Lehi Fort | Logan Fort | Camp on Lolos Creek
Camp at Loveland's | Fort Malad | Midway Fort | Mound Fort | Mountain Green Post
Fort Mountainville | Moyle's Turret | Camp Murray | North Fort (1) | North Fort (2)
North Ogden Fort | North Willow Creek Fort | Ogden Fort | Ogden Station | Fort Palmyra
Camp Parker | Payson Fort | Fort Peteetneet | Pleasant Grove Fort | Pond Town Fort
Camp Porter | Fort Provo | Camp Rawlins | Fort Rawlins | Reed's Post | Camp Relief (1)
Camp Relief (2) | Rhoades Valley Fort | Richmond Fort | Fort Robidoux (1)
Fort Robidoux (2) | Rock Fort (1) | Rock Fort (2) | Round Station | Camp Rush Valley
Sage Bottom Fort | Fort St. Luke | Salt Lake City Fort | Salt Lake City Post | Camp Shunk
Smithfield Fort | South Fort | Fort Sowiette | Springville Fort | Camp Stevenson
Sulphur Springs Fort | Summit Creek Fort | (Old) Fort Thornburgh | New Fort Thornburgh
Camp Timpanagos | Camp Tyler | Fort Uintah (1) | Uintah Fort (2) | Union Fort | Fort Utah
Wallsburg Fort | Wight's Fort | Camp Williams | Willow Fort | Fort Wintey | Fort Wordsworth

Southern Utah - page 2


Last Update: 08/MAY/2021
Compiled by Phil and Pete Payette - 2021 American Forts Network

Camp at Government Springs
(1863), near Lucin
A U.S. Army encampment in the Pilot Mountain Range protecting the work crews building of the transcontinental railroad through this region. Water from the springs was piped to holding ponds at Lucin for the railroad's needs.

Grouse Creek Fort
(1878), Grouse Creek
A Mormon settlers' settlement consisting of several log cabins closely-spaced for defense. It was not walled or otherwise enclosed in the customary manner.

Fort Malad
(1855 - 1858), Washakie
A Mormon settlers' adobe-walled fort enclosing several log cabins, located on the east side of the Malad River across from town.

Camp Relief (2)
(1864), near Webster Junction
A temporary 2nd CA Cavalry Volunteers post, located east of Lewiston, established by Major John O'Neill.

Richmond Fort
(1860 - 1860's), Richmond
A Mormon settlers' log fort with several log cabins in two rows facing each other, with corrals and sheds behind them. Site along Cherry Street (US 91 - South 200 West) at the entrance to Richmond City Park. A 1936 stone monument marks the southwest corner of the fort, which ran 3000 feet east by 465 feet north.

Smithfield Fort
(1860 - 1862), Smithfield
A Mormon settlers' log-cabin complex (walled ?) for 70 families, located on Summit Creek. One original cabin still remains. The town was originally named Summit.

Logan Fort
(1859 - unknown), Logan
A Mormon settlers' double line of log cabins (walled ?) for the protection of 100 families. Located on the Little Logan River.

Camp on Bear River
(1859), near Randolph
A temporary U.S. Army post on the Bear River, near the Wyoming border.

Bear River Fort
(1867 - unknown), Bear River City
A Mormon settlers' 10-acre walled fort enclosing several log cabins, located on the west side of the Bear River. Two Daughters of Utah Pioneers stone monuments are listed for the site; "Bear River Settlement" (#99) at Bear River City Park (facing 4550 West 5900 North Street); and "Bear River Fort" (#496) located at 4460 West 5900 North Street, east of the park.

Anson Call's Fort
(1853 - 1855 ?), Honeyville
A Mormon settlers' log cabin fort. Site marked by a 1933 stone monument on UT 38 (5320 N Hwy 38) at Grippen Lane, about two and one-quarter miles south of town, and south of Call's Fort Road.

Fort (William) Davis
(1851 - 1852), Brigham City
A Mormon settlers' defensive log-cabin complex, located north of Box Elder Creek. Abandoned after a serious insect infestation. Later called the Old Fort after the Box Elder Fort was built nearby to replace it. A Sons of Utah Pioneers stone monument (#200) was listed for the vicinity of West 700 North at North 400 West Streets (missing ?).

Box Elder Fort
(1853 - 1855), Brigham City
A Mormon settlers' fort located south of Box Elder Creek, built July 1853, enclosing a 0.68 acre common space. This fort extended north and south about 15 rods (248 feet), and east and west about 8 rods (132 feet), from a point located about 15 feet east of this marker. The fort was later expanded to accommodate more settlers and a school house was then built adjacent to it. The exterior walls of the fort were actually the walls of the log houses which comprised the three walls of the fort. The south end of the fort near the location of the school was left open. A stone monument (undated) is located in a business parking lot at West 300/North 200 Streets.

North Willow Creek Fort
(1853 - 1860's), Willard
A Mormon settlers' rock and adobe-walled fort. The town was renamed in 1857. A rock ditch for the water supply was built in 1864. A 1939 stone monument is located at City Hall on South 100 West Street.

North Ogden Fort
(1853 - 1854), North Ogden
A Mormon settlers' adobe-walled fort covering ten city blocks (158 acres). It was never completed. A 1956 stone monument is located at East 2600 North and 650 East Streets, in the parking lot of the North Ogden Mormon LDS Church at 626 East 2600 North Street.

Camp Defiance
(1832), Weber County ?
A Rocky Mountain Fur Co. trading post, located somewhere on the mythical "waters of the Bonaventura", as mentioned in William Sublette's journals. This was probably the Weber River, somewhere near Ogden.

Fort Buenaventura (County Park)
(1845 - 1850), Ogden
Originally a stockaded four-cabin trading post called Miles Goodyear's Fort, located on the Weber River about two miles from its confluence with the Ogden River. The Mormons (under Capt. James Brown) bought the post in late 1847 for $1,950 ($3000 total for the fort and all of Goodyear's land and livestock). This region was still officially part of Mexico at the time. In 1850 a flood wrecked the fort so a new fort was built southeast on higher ground and named Capt. James Brown's Fort (1850 - 1852). This was the first permanent white settlement in the state. The current structure is a faithful reconstruction of the original fort on the original site, at 2450 "A" Avenue. Admission fee. A 1965 stone monument is located on West 24th Street between "E" and "F" Avenues, it mentions the original fort was 1290 feet southeast. See also Jacob

Goodyear's original 1845 log cabin was later restored and moved to the State Relief Society Building in Tabernacle Park, now the Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum at 2148 Grant Ave.. The museum and cabin were both relocated in 2012 to 2104 Lincoln Ave. after threat of demolition.

Erastus Bingham's Fort
(1853 - 1856), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' adobe and rock-walled fort covering about 45 acres (60 by 120 rods), with 12-foot high walls. About 700 people sought shelter here in 1853 from Indian attacks. Although it was ordered to be abandoned in 1855, the fort remained occupied for several years. The walls were finally demolished in 1888. Located near Second Street and Wall Avenue. Twelve original stone and adobe houses still remain along Second Street. A 2005 stone monument is located on West 2nd Street near South Century Drive. See also Jacob

Mound Fort
(1853 - unknown), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' fort located around a natural clay mound (or Indian burial mound according to some sources), near Mill Creek in the vicinity of today's Washington Ave. and 12th Street, or just east of there. The mound's steep west slope, cut to a perpendicular face 10 feet high topped with a 3-foot breastwork, served as a lookout. Mud walls were begun on the other side. A 1969 stone monument is located at the Mound Fort Ward Chapel at Childs Ave. and East 10th Street.

Lorin Farr's Fort
(1850 - 1853), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' five-acre log fort on the south bank of Mill Creek, north of the Ogden River near present-day Canyon Road. The fort was enclosed on three sides (the north side was never completed) by houses joined end to end, facing inwards, with 12-foot high pickets between the houses. Most of the settlers on the north side of the Ogden River at that time lived here at some point. Also known as the North Fort (2) of Ogden (note: not to be confused with the "North Ogden Fort" in the City of North Ogden). The fort was abandoned shortly after Farr moved into town in 1853. Marker wayside located at 1050 Canyon Road, just east of Monroe Blvd. (1025 East Street).

Ogden Fort
(1854), Ogden
A Mormon settlers' rock and adobe-walled fort complex about one mile square with eight-foot high walls, located between present-day 20th and 28th Streets, and Madison and Wall Aves.. It was never completed on the Madison Ave. side. Wall Avenue takes its name from the fort. A 1981 memorial plaque is located at the Odgen Union Station at 2501 Wall Ave.. See also Pioneer Forts in Ogden at Jacob

Ogden Station
(1878), Ogden
A U.S. Army post.

Camp Stevenson
(1871), Ogden
The initial outfitting camp and starting point for the 1871 United States Geological Survey Expedition headed towards the Yellowstone Valley in Montana and Wyoming, led by Ferdinand Hayden and James Stevenson. A military escort was provided by Troop F of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry. U.S. Army Engineer Capt. John W. Barlow and others joined the main party at Fort Ellis, MT. Located on an old lake terrace about one mile east of the city.

Fort Huntsville
(1860), Huntsville
A Mormon settlers' fort located on the Ogden River, east of Ogden. A D.U.P. stone monument and the Robert Aldous Pioneer Cabin is located near East 200 South and South 7400 East Streets.

Kingston's Fort
(1852 - 1862), South Weber
A Mormon settlers' town fort on the Weber River, the walls formed by rows of log cabins. A 1962 Daughters of Utah Pioneers stone monument (#273), located on South 1375 East in the South Weber Mormon LDS Church parking lot (1401 East South Weber Drive), describes the fort and early settlement of the area.

In 1861 Fort Kingston (the same ?) was the stronghold of Joseph Morris who tried to reform or split the Mormon Church. The Mormon Militia attacked the fort and killed Morris and several of his followers ("Morrisite War" - June 1862). A Sons of Utah Pioneers stone monument (#128) is located on the east side of South 475 East near 6575 South, near the Bryson Meadows community.

Uintah Fort (2)
(1854 - unknown), Uintah
A Mormon settlers' town fort at or near the confluence of the Weber River and Spring Creek.

Mountain Green Post
(1825), Mountain Green
A short-lived Hudson's Bay Company trading post built by Peter Ogden.

Layton Fort
(1854 - 1858), Layton
A Mormon settlers' fort built after the "Big Fort" was already established in Kaysville, therefore this became known as the Little Fort. Located on the south bank of Kays Creek, it was built with the adobe and rock cabins forming the outer walls of a square. One original cabin remains, now located at 400 North Lane, near the Layton High School.

Kaysville Fort
(1854 - 1858), Kaysville
Built by Mormon settlers. It was never fully completed and never actually used for protection. Also known as the Big Fort after the "Little Fort" was built nearby in Layton

Farmington Stockade
(1854 - unknown), Farmington
An adobe-walled "stockade" was erected around the Mormon settlement, enclosing 112 lots, with seven gates.

California Volunteer troops established Camp at Farmington in 1863.

Centerville Fort
(1854), Centerville
A Mormon settlers' fort was begun, but never completed. A 1994 stone monument at Founders Park on North Main Street mentions the fort.

Echo Canyon Breastworks
(1857 - 1858), near Echo
Stone breastworks, dirt walls, entrenchments, and a rock dam were built by the Mormon Militia along the narrow Echo Canyon gorge (the "Narrows") to thwart a potential U.S. Army invasion to supress a rumored Mormon rebellion. Several of the stoneworks still remain along the flanks of the road. A set of four interpretive markers for the "Utah War" is located at the eastbound rest area on I-80 in Echo Canyon.

Camp in Echo Canyon
(1859), near Echo
A temporary U.S. Army encampment. Possibly the same site as the previous Mormon Militia camp (above).

Hoytsville Fort
(1866 - unknown), Hoytsville
A Mormon settlers' fort for 25 families during the Ute Black Hawk War. A 1938 stone monument is located on the grounds of the Hoytsville Mormon LDS Church on South Hoytsville Road at East 1100 South Street. The actual fort site was about 300 feet southwest of the church.

Rock Fort (1)
(Rockport State Park)
(1865 - 1870 ?), near Wanship
A Mormon settlers' stone-walled fort. Some ruins still exist on high ground. The settlement was first established in 1860. The settlers were advised to evacuate to Wanship, four miles north, during Indian troubles, but they chose to remain and build the fort for protection. The settlement's name later became Rockport. The settlement was finally abandoned in 1957 before the construction of the Wanship Dam and Rockport Reservoir. The town cemetery still remains. The state park was created in 1966.

Sage Bottom Fort
(1867), Peoa
A Mormon settlers' log fort located about one mile south of town. Houses of split logs and clay were placed close together with a church in the center. Drinking water was obtained from a well. Settlers from both Kamas and Peoa lived here during the Ute Black Hawk War. A 1967 stone monument is located on UT 32.

Kamas Fort
(1866 - 1870), Kamas
A Mormon settlers' log fort about 30 rods square (5.625 acres), with buildings forming the outer walls. Forty-seven families lived here for protection. Also known as Rhoades Valley Fort. The present town was laid out in 1869. A 1937 memorial plaque is located at West Center and South 100 West Streets.

Heber Fort
(1859 - 1867), Heber City
A Mormon settlers' town fort for 20 families, the homes built of cottonwood logs and forming the outer walls in a closed compound. The fort was enlarged in 1860 for 44 families, covering about 33 acres. A schoolhouse/church was located in the center. A 1959 stone monument ("The Old Fort") is located on US 189 (North Main Street) in front of the Smith's Supermarket (550 North Main). There are also four additional stone monuments (undated) marking the four corners of the former fort.

Midway Fort
(1866 - 1867), Midway
A Mormon settlers' fort for 75 families during the Ute Blackhawk War. The name of the fort was chosen because it was midway between the two communities of Upper Settlement (Mound City) and Lower Settlement (Smith's Grove), both on the western side of the Provo River. A 1940 stone monument is located at the Town Hall on West Main Street at 100 West Street.

Wallsburg Fort
(1862 - 1867), Wallsburg
A Mormon settlers' log fort (400-feet square or 3.67 acres) built by William Wall on Spring Creek in Round Valley for 20 families. A 1936 stone monument is located at 107 West Main Canyon Road.

Salt Lake City Fort
(1847 - 1850's), Salt Lake City
Mormon settlers built this log and adobe fort complex which was actually a combination of two forts, the original North Fort (1) (ten acres) at present-day Pioneer Square/Park, located between 3rd South and 4th South and Second West and Third West (1933 and 1964 stone monuments in center of park), and South Fort located two blocks south. In the original fort homes were erected of logs or adobe, side by side, with the rear walls forming a protective barrier, enclosed by a nine foot mud wall. By December 1847, over two thousand people were living in the fort which was extended one block north and one block south. The first school convened here in October 1847. A bowery, built in the center, served as a meeting place. It was later expanded to cover 42 acres. Pioneer Square became a public park in 1898.

Salt Lake City Post
(1865 - 1866), Salt Lake City
A California Infantry post that guarded the Territorial capital.

Fort Douglas (U.S. Military Reservaton)
(University of Utah - Fort Douglas)
(1862 - 1991/present), Salt Lake City
Originally established by the CA Volunteers and named Camp Douglas. Rebuilt largely with stone beginning in 1876, and renamed in 1878. It protected the trails from Indian raiders, and it allowed the U.S. Army to keep an eye on the Mormons. In 1901 the post was designated a permanent reservation. In 1898 during the Spanish-American War, the Army Regulars were withdrawn for overseas duty. State troops were then mobilized and all were trained at the post at Camp Kent. The post was used as a Regular Army mobilization center and training camp during the two World Wars, and was also used to house German POW's during WWII. The Regular Army left in 1991, but the Utah National Guard and Army Reserve still use a portion of the post. The Military Museum is in the Quartermaster Victoria Infantry Barracks (1875), and is operated by the U.S. Army Center of Military History. A 1953 D.U.P. stone monument is located near the intersection of Mario Capecchi Drive and Hempstead Road/South Campus Drive. Many of the original garrison buildings still remain on the present campus of the University of Utah. Most of the original reservation was given to the University of Utah in 1979. See also University of Utah Guest House and Conference Center

Camp Grant
(1846 - 1869), near Salt Lake City
A seasonal Mormon Pioneer emigrant trail encampment, first established by the Donner-Reed Party in August 1846, followed by thousands more over the next 20 years. Named as such after the Grant Party stopped here in October 1847. A 1958 stone monument (refurbished in 1984) marks the site in Emigration Canyon.

Another stone monument nearby at 2500 East Emigration Canyon Road marks the site of Camp Kostopulous (aka "The Last Campsite").

Holladay Fort
(1853), Holladay
A Mormon settlers' four-acre log fort built on Big Cottonwood Creek during the Walker War, to protect 161 settlers. Also known as Big Cottonwood Creek Fort. Plaque located on the outside wall of Olympus Junior High School at 2217 East Murray Holladay Road.

Camp Murray
(1885), Murray
A U.S. Army camp of instruction for several infantry regiments during the late summer of 1885.

Lewis Wight's Fort
(1854 - 1860's), West Jordan
A Mormon settlers' stone and adobe fort covering about two and one-half acres, enclosing seven log cabins and other buildings, and part of Bingham Creek. The present Wight's Fort Pioneer Cemetery is located about 100 yards southeast of the fort site, along West 9000 South Street at South 3590 West Street.

English Fort
(1853 - unknown), Taylorsville
A Mormon settlers' stone and adobe-walled fort covering about two acres. A 1941 stone monument is located at Taylorsville Memorial Cemetery on Redwood Road.

Union Fort
(1853 - 1860's), Union
A Mormon settlers' town fort. The adobe walls were 12 feet high, six feet thick at the base, with numerous gun portholes, enclosing about ten acres. Provided protection for 23 families. Remains still existed until the 1990's when the site was bulldozed for development. Site located near 7200 South Street and 1300 East Street. A 1947 stone monument is located at 7188 Union Park Ave.. A replica of the Jehu Cox Pioneer House is located one block north of North Union Ave..

Camp Bingham Creek
(1864), Bingham Canyon
A California Volunteers temporary encampment near a gold mine in July 1864. Previously a logging camp of Mormon pioneers. Site on Bingham Creek about ten miles east of Tooele.

Fort Herriman
(1854 - 1858), Herriman
A Mormon settlers' two-acre adobe-walled fort located near Riverton. A 1934 stone monument marks the site at 12685 South 6000 West Street at the Herriman City Community Garden (12733 Pioneer Street).

Willow Fort
(1850's), Draper
A Mormon settlers' adobe-walled fort (184 yards by 113 yards, or 4.29 acres, with 14-foot high walls) at South Willow, now a part of Draper. Also known as Draper Fort. Site is now Draper Historic Park with a 1940 granite monument nearby on East 12600 South Street, between 900 East and 950 East (South Fort) Streets.

Alpine Fort
(1853 - 1868 ?), Alpine
A Mormon settlers' fort originally named Fort Wordsworth, a compound of 33 feet square with eight-foot high walls. It was expanded in 1854 with a 12-foot high wall around 25 houses, renamed Fort Mountainville. A larger main town fort was then built in 1855 with 14-foot high walls around a ten-acre square, with the north and south gates spanning Main Street. The town was renamed in 1855. A 1949 stone monument is located in Legacy Park at Main and Center Streets.

John Moyle's Turret (1859), a two-story stone blockhouse/tower, was located outside the main fort's walls. Moyle had preferred his own defense built adjacent to his house, rather than the protection of the town fort. Still extant, located at 606 East 770 North Street in Moyle Park. See also Alpine City Parks and Recreation

Lehi Forts
(1850 - 1851, 1853 - 1858), Lehi
A Mormon settlers' log fort was first located at Sulphur Springs. Thirteen families initially settled here just before winter set in, building 15 cottonwood log cabins arranged to form a seven-foot high three-walled compound (eight cabins forming the north wall, four cabins forming the east wall, and three cabins forming the west wall), and enclosing the spring. Most of the families moved in the spring of 1851 to higher ground on Dry Creek, which then became Evansville, and renamed Lehi City in 1852. Sulphur Springs was renamed Snow's Springs in 1853. A 1950 stone monument and interpretive markers are located in Snow Springs Park off of Saratoga Road on West 7750 North Street. The actual fort site was said to be 40 rods (660 feet) east of the monument.

In 1853 the settlers on Dry Creek (Lehi City) built a new 12-foot high adobe wall (Lehi Fort) around sixty cabins, covering about 16 city blocks (70 acres). The arrival of the U.S. Army in 1858 eliminated the need for further protection. The last remaining section of the wall was demolished in 1905. The "Lehi Pioneer Monument" was dedicated in 1908 at the Grammar School site. The monument was relocated in 1932 to the Carnegie Library property, then relocated again in 2000 to Pioneer Park. The four corners of the former adobe fort are marked by stone monuments at Center/100 North; at Center/300 South; at 300 South/400 West; and at 400 West/100 North.

American Fork Fort
(1852 - 1858), American Fork
A Mormon settlers' adobe-walled fort covering about 37 acres. Also known as Lake City Fort. A 1961 stone monument is located in William Robinson Park on East Main Street at South 100 East Street. The fort was said to be located about 450 feet south of the "First Flour Mill" stone monument (2012) located at 49 East 200 North Street.

Beaver Creek Camp
(1849), Pleasant Grove
A Mormon settlers' otherwise unnamed armed camp for defense against Ute Indians during February 1849, established prior to the formal creation of the settlement (September 1850). Located 36 miles south of Salt Lake City. A monument is supposedly located at Kiwanis Park at the mouth of Battle Creek Canyon, at 1700 East 200 South. A 1935 U.P.T.L.A. stone monument is located in Downtown Park on South Main Street at East 200 South Street.

A U.S. Army post known as Camp at Battle Creek Settlement was here in 1859. The c.1865 Ashton-Driggs House (private property) located at 119 East 200 South is said to have been built on the site of "Fort Battle Creek", according to local tradition.

Pleasant Grove Fort
(1853 - 1860's), Pleasant Grove
A Mormon settlers' rock-walled town fort, enclosing about 16 present-day city blocks (74 acres). A 1958 stone monument is located at 300 South/300 East Streets, marking the southeast corner of the fort. Additional stone monuments mark the other corners of the former fort at 300 South/100 West, at 100 North/100 West, and at 100 North/300 East Streets.

In April 1863 Ute Indians attacked a group of U.S. Army troops (CA Volunteer Infantry) at the John Green House, which was situated about one block south of the Pleasant Grove Fort wall. A 1930 stone monument marks that site on South 100 East Street near its intersection with State Street. A 2017 stone monument to this battle is located three blocks north in Pioneer Heritage Park at South 100 East and East 100 South Streets.

Camp W.G. Williams (State Military Reservation)
(1914 - present), Camp Williams
A UT National Guard combat training area on 28,000 acres. Became a permanent post in 1926 and was formally named in 1928. Federalized in 1941 and became a subpost of Fort Douglas for WWII training purposes. Returned to state control in 1944, with state guard training resuming in 1947. Still in use.

Grantsville Fort
(1850's), Grantsville
A Mormon settlers' fort. The walls on the north and west sides were made of hard packed dirt and were five feet wide at the bottom and 12 feet high. The other walls were of rock and adobe construction, three feet wide and 12 feet high. A stone monument is located at West Clark Street and North Cooley Street, at the Old Grantsville Church (built 1865) at 297 West Clark Street. Of interest across the street is the Donner-Reed Museum at 90 North Cooley Street, with additional historical markers of the period.

Camp Rush Valley
(1854, 1855, 1859, 1864, 1866, 1869), near Rush Lake
An intermittant and temporary U.S. Army encampment located about 23 miles west of Camp Floyd, at Rush Lake (then known as Lake Shambip), west of Stockton. Originally established by Lt. Col. Edward Steptoe in September 1854. The reservation was also used as a grazing area for horses from Camp Floyd and later Fort Douglas. An Overland stage station was located nearby in 1868. Mormon settlers occupied the abandoned military barracks in the mid 1860's before the town of Stockton was formally established. A 1941 stone monument is located on the east side of the lake a few miles south of town.

Camp Relief (1) was located on the north side of Rush Lake in 1864 by the CA Volunteers under Col. Patrick Connor. Mining claims declared by Connor's troops resulted in the later settlement of Ophir to the south.

At Lookout Point near Stockton Pass and Bauer are the remnants of a stone "bridge" (aka "Soldiers' Bridge") through a natural gully, built in 1854 by Steptoe's troops.

Camp Tyler
(1859), near Rush Lake ?
A U.S. Army post located in the Rush Valley, garrisoned by Company I, 10th Infantry. This may or may not be the same post as listed above.
(thanks to James Martin for providing info)

Camp Conness
(1864), near Rush Valley
A CA Volunteers post located on Clover Creek about ten miles southwest of Rush Lake.

Cedar Fort (2)
(1855 - 1860's), Cedar Fort
A Mormon settlers' stone fort. Raided by soldiers from Camp Floyd in 1858 to avenge of the death of a fellow trooper. Briefly garrisoned by Army troops in 1863 (Detachment at Cedar Fort). Mostly destroyed in the 1970's, however portions of the west and south adobe walls still remain.

Camp Floyd
(Camp Floyd / Stagecoach Inn State Historic Park)
(1858 - 1862), Fairfield
This post had the largest single U.S. Army troop concentration in the U.S. during 1858-59, nearly 3000 men. The troops were sent here to suppress a feared Mormon rebellion that ultimately never came. They initially camped at a nearby Mormon settlers' rock fort (4 rods square, or about 4350 square feet) that was already here (Cedar City Fort (3) (1856 - 1858)), which later evolved into the town of Fairfield. The post was renamed Fort Crittenden briefly in February 1861 before it was abandoned in July 1861. The Overland Mail Company bought much of the post in 1862 before it was temporarily re-occupied by the Army. Replaced by Camp Douglas. The camp once had 400 buildings. Only the cemetery and commissary remain. A stone monument was built using original stones from the fort walls. The restored 1858 Stagecoach Inn, used by the Overland Company and the Pony Express, is located nearby, also administered by the state park. Admission fee.

Camp Shunk
(1858), near Vernon
A temporary U.S. Army post located about 25 miles southwest of Camp Floyd.

Camp Timpanagos
(1859), near Provo
A temporary U.S. Army post on the Timpanagos (Provo) River, about eight miles from town.

Fort Ashley
(1825 - 1828), near Provo
An independent fur trading post built by William H. Ashley and Jedediah Smith during the fall of 1825, or perhaps in the spring of 1826, on the east shore of Utah Lake. It was reportedly armed with one cannon before the post was later sold to the Rocky Mountain Fur Company in 1826. Its exact location remains unknown to archaeologists.

Provo Forts
(1849 - 1858), Provo
The first Mormon settlers' fort here was called Fort Utah, it consisted of two rows of eleven log cabins facing each other, housing 30 families (about 150 people), with only one platform-mounted cannon for its defense. The 14-foot high log palisade enclosed about one and one-half acres (20 by 40 rods), with a gate in the east and west sides. It was completely abandoned by 1852 as the settlers had already built a new replacement fort nearby on better and higher ground (below). A 1972 supposed replica of the first fort was located at Fort Utah Park at 200 North Geneva Road (demolished in January 2017). A 1937 D.U.P. stone monument is still located here. The original fort site was actually several blocks to the east of the park, along the south bank of the Provo River. A 1999 Provo Sesquicentennial Committee stone monument is located on the Provo River Parkway just east of the I-15 bridge, near the presumed actual site. A Provo City historical panel (#1) at Rotary Park (at West 1460 North and North 1500 West Streets) describes Fort Utah.

A second fort, known as Fort Provo (aka Fort Sowiette, was built in the spring of 1850 on higher ground about one and one-half miles northeast of the first fort, near the present-day North Park (aka Sowiette Park) at North 500 West and 600 North Streets. It was built as a 1500-foot square formed by rows of log cabins, with a school/church in the center. Most settlers began moving out of the fort after 1852 onto new homesites along Main Street. Original cabins from the second fort, among other relocated cabins, are located at the Provo Pioneer Village in North Park. The 1853 John Turner Cabin was originally located at the southeast corner of 100 West and 100 North Streets, later relocated here in the 1930's. A 1941 stone monument "The Settlement of Provo in 1849" is also located in North Park. The actual site of the second fort was just to the east of the park. A Provo City historical panel (#2) located in Rotary Park describes North Park as Adobe Yard. Another Provo City historical panel (#17) located in Riverside Park (1260 West 600 North) describes Fort Provo.

Yet a third fort (unnamed ?) was constructed in 1853-54 during the "Walker War", located in and around the vicinity of Pioneer Park at 500 West Center Street. It remained in use until 1858. The 1853 James Loveless Cabin (a two-room adobe) was originally located within this fort at 677 West 200 South Street until 2014 when it was relocated to Pioneer Village in North Park. A Provo City historical panel (#37) located in Rock Canyon Park (at East 2620 North and North 1200 East Streets) describes the Turner and Loveless Cabins in Pioneer Village, and mentions the third fort.

Camp Dodge
(1865 - 1866), Provo
A garrison post of Nevada Volunteers.

Camp Rawlins
(1870 - 1871), Provo
A temporary U.S. Army 13th Infantry two-company tent camp located on the southern edge of Grandview Hill near where 900 North and 1550 West Streets now intersect. Established July 1870, withdrawn June 1871. A permanent site for Fort Rawlins was selected two miles east of town on the north bank of the Timpanogos (Provo) River, but it was never built. A Provo City historical panel (#53) located in Rock Canyon Park describes the "1870 Provo Riot" (September 1870) between the troops and the town citizens.

Springville Fort
(1850 - unknown), Springville
A Mormon settlers' log fort, about 1.25 acres, the cabins forming the outer walls. Also known as Hobble Creek Fort. Site probably located near 200 North/200 West Streets, where a 1949 stone monument describes the first Mormon Pioneers' camp site in September 1850.

Fort Palmyra
(1852 - 1856), Spanish Fork
A Mormon settlers' adobe-walled town fort encompassing ten acres, the several houses forming most of the outer walls which enclosed a central livestock corral. The fort was dismantled soon after the Walker War ended in August 1854. The residents then moved to the "Upper Settlement" (Spanish Fork proper). A 1933 unnumbered D.U.P. stone monument ("Old Palmyra") is located on West 6200 South Street (marking the SW corner of the fort), with an adjacent 2019 D.U.P. marker for the "Fort Palmyra Pioneer Settlement".

Fort St. Luke was built at the "Upper Settlement" (Spanish Fork) in 1854, with walls 20 feet high. The settlement was renamed in 1855. A 1957 stone monument is located on Main Street at the town library.

Lake Shore Fort
(1865 - unknown), Lake Shore
A Mormon settlers' fort located on the west bank of the Spanish Fork River. It was a square compound with walls nine feet high, covering about one acre. A 1955 stone monument is located on West 6400 South Street near South River Lane.

Payson Fort
(1851 - unknown), Payson
A Mormon settlers' adobe, rock, and log fort about 60 rods square (22.5 acres) located along Peteetneet Creek approximately at 300 North between Main Street and 100 West. Originally known as Fort Peteetneet until the town was incorporated and renamed in 1852. The fort was later enlarged in the 1850's, covering 16 city blocks or 61 acres. Five stone monuments (1931, replaced 2006) mark the main gate and each corner of the original fort. See also Jacob

Pond Town Fort
(1856 - unknown), Salem
A Mormon settlers' fort located on Beer Creek at Salem Lake. The fort was 160 feet by 150 feet. The town was later renamed. A 1938 stone monument marks the site at 109 South 300 West Street at UT Highway 198.

Summit Creek Fort
(1856 - unknown), Santaquin
A fort was built when Mormon settlers returned here from Payson after abandoning the original settlement in 1853 as a result of the "Walker War". The town was originally known as Summit Creek from 1851 until 1875. A rock schoolhouse was built in the fort in 1856. It was stoutly built and served the public for many years, still being used into the 1980's. It was not until 1896 that the first local church building was constructed, religious meetings having been conducted in the school building, which now serves as a senior citizens' center and a veterans' memorial hall. See also Jacob

Fish Springs Station
(1864), Fish Springs
A fortified Overland stage station. A stone monument and some traces of the station remain on the Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge, on the road just northwest of the Refuge Headquarters.

Round Station
(1863, 1864), near Callao
A fortified Overland stage station (built in 1863) located in the east end of Overland Canyon in southwestern Tooele County, about 12 miles northwest of town. Also known as Canyon Station (2) after it replaced the original Canyon Station (1). Stone ruins at site are marked by a stone monument.

The original Canyon Station (1) (built in 1860) that was used by the Pony Express in 1861 was located about six miles west of Round Station, on the lower end of Clifton Flat. It was later known as Burnt Station after it was abandoned after an Indian attack (1862 ? or 1863 ?). A stone monument marks the general location, the actual site has not been determined (no known remains).

Camp at Deep Creek Station
(1864), near Ibapah
CA Volunteers out of Camp Ruby, NV garrisoned this Overland stage station. Site is marked by a stone monument on the Old Lincoln Highway about one mile south of town on East Deep Creek.

Fort Robidoux (1)
(1832 - 1834), near Ouray
An adobe-walled trading post located on the east side of the Green River on the south side of the mouth of the White River, about a mile or so south of town. Also known as Antoine Robidoux' Fort (1). Originally located here was William Reed's Post in 1828, which Robidoux bought out in 1832 and then enlarged.

Kit Carson and his trapping brigade established winter quarters here (or close by) in 1833-34, a group of log huts known as Fort Kit Carson.

(Old) Fort Thornburgh
(1881 - 1882), near Ouray
A U.S. Army infantry post established on Milk Creek after the Ute Black Hawk War. Originally located near the junction of the White and Green Rivers, the post was moved northeast 35 miles in the spring of 1882 to Ashley Creek, near Vernal, as New Fort Thornburgh (see below).

Fort Duchesne
(Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation)
(1886 - 1910), Fort Duchesne
A U.S. Army post established by the famed "Buffalo Soldiers" (9th Cavalry) to control the Uncompahgre and White River Utes. Later became the Fort Duchesne - Ute Indian Agency. Some original frame houses of the original post may still remain, as well as a stone magazine. The Northern Ute Tribal Museum is also located here.

Fort Uintah (1)
(1837 - 1844), near Whiterocks
A trading post located on the Whiterocks River, more commonly called Fort Wintey. It was also known as Antoine Robidoux' Fort (2), or Fort Robidoux (2) (1837 - 1838). Destroyed by Ute Indians in 1844, killing several traders. A stone monument to Fort Robidoux is located on US 40 about five miles west of Roosevelt.

New Fort Thornburgh
(1882 - 1884), near Vernal
Relocated from the White River, near Ouray (see above), to Ashley Creek, about four miles northwest of town. The soldiers lived in tents until the spring of 1883 when the first adobe buildings were built, but squatters had settled the area by then and the government could not obtain clear title to the land, so the fort was abandoned the following winter. No remains.

Rock Fort (2)
(1860's ? or 1870's ?), Browns Park
The ruins of a rock-walled structure with possible rifle slits or loopholes is located along the Old Military Trail on the south bank of the Green River, across from the historic John Jarvie Ranch site and just upstream (west) of the Indian Crossing. It possibly may be military in origin. Local attribution claims that this structure may have also been used as a saloon at one time.

NEED MORE INFO: Undetermined locations for Federal U.S. Army camps: Camp on Lolos Creek (1860); Camp Porter (1859); Camp at Loveland's (1864); Camp Parker (date ?). Some sites possibly located in southern Utah or eastern Nevada.

Southern Utah - page 2

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