Northern Québec

Artiwinipigon Post | Big Lake Posts | Big River Post | Caipimo Lake Post | Cannyapiscaw Post
Cape Smith Post | Cape Wolstenholme Post | Fort Charles | Cheasquachiston Lake Post
Chebmonkoue Post | Chibougamau Post | Fort Chimo | Crystal One | Deception Bay Post
Diana Bay Posts | Eastmain Post | Erlandson's Post (1) | Erlandson's Post (2)
Factory River Post | Fort George | George River Post | Fort Good Hope | Great River Post
Great Whale River House | Kanaaupskow Post | Kaniapiskau Post | Keeshay Post
Leaf River Post | Little Mistassini Lake Post | Little Whale River House
Fort Mackenzie | Mainewan Post | Maison des Dorvals | Maison Jolliet | Mistassini Posts (1)
Mistassini Posts (2) | Nemiscau Post | Fort Nemiscaw | Neoskweskau Posts | Nichikun Post
Payne Bay Post | Pike Lake Post | Port Harrison Posts | Povungnituk Post | Fort Richmond
Fort Rupert | Rupert House | Rupert River Post | Rush Lake Post | Fort Saint Jacques
Shayseppy Post | South River House | Stupart Bay Post | Sugluk Inlet Posts | Temiskamay Post
Fort Trial | U-Y Outpost | Walford's House | Waswanipi Posts | Whale River Post
Windsor House

Southern Québec - page 1 | Québec City - page 2
Eastern Québec - page 3 | Western Québec - page 4

Last Update: 08/MAY/2010
Compiled by Pete Payette - ©2010 American Forts Network

NOTE: The northern reaches of the province, known as New Québec, or now Nunavik, were once part of the Hudson's Bay Company's Prince Rupert's Land beginning in 1670, and was then the Ungava District of the Northwest Territories from 1895 to 1912. The border with Labrador was settled in 1927.

Pike Lake Post
(1826 - 1860),
A Hudson's Bay Co. post located south or southwest of Lac Chibougamau.

Caipimo Lake Post
(1826 - unknown),
An independent British trading post located just north or west of Pike Lake.

Chibougamau Post
(1928 - 1941), Lac Chibougamau
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on the south shore of the lake.

Mistassini Posts (2)
(1814 - 1941), Mistissini
A Hudson's Bay Co. post located at the south end of Lac Mistassini.

The French earlier had a trading post nearby known as Maison des Dorvals, or Chebmonkoue Post (1700 - unknown).

The North West Company had a competing post here in 1796.

Mistassini Posts (1)
(1778 - 1815), Lac Mistissini
A Hudson's Bay Co. post located on the western shore of the lake. Rebuilt in 1812.

The North West Company had a competing post here in 1815.

An independent British trading post was here in 1782.

Temiskamay Post
(1825 - 1861), Lac Albanel
A Hudson's Bay Co. post. Located northeast of Lac Mistassini.

The French earlier had a trading post here known as Maison Jolliet (1679 - unknown).

Little Mistassini Lake Post
(1815 - unknown), near Chapais
A Hudson's Bay Co. post located north of Lake Chibougamau.

Rush Lake Post
(1815/1821 - 1822), near Chapais
A Hudson's Bay Co. post.

Waswanipi Posts
(1814 - 1821), Old Post, Lac Waswanipi
A North West Co. post originally located on an island in the lake.

The Hudson's Bay Co. post (1820 - 1941) was located at the foot of the lake at the Waswanipi River. The Cree settlement at Old Post was relocated in 1978.

Windsor House
(1799 - 1800), near Lac au Goéland
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at or near the mouth of the Waswanipi River.

Walford's House
(1820 - unknown), Lac au Goéland
A Hudson's Bay Co. post located on the southwest shore of the lake.

A competing North West Company post was located adjacent to the HBC post.

Cheasquachiston Lake Post
(1793 - unknown), Lac au Goéland
A North West Company post located on the western shore of the lake, south of the outlet to the Nottaway River.

Big Lake Posts
(1818 - 1821), Lac Evans
A Hudson's Bay Co. post. Originally located on the southern shore, relocated in 1819 to the northern shore.

Fort Charles
(1668 - 1755 ?), near Waskaganish
A British trading post composed of stone houses surrounded by a palisade. Renamed Fort Rupert (1) in 1670 when the region was granted to the Hudson's Bay Company. This was the very first HBC trading post in Canada. Rebuilt in 1681 on a hilltop just downstream from the original site. The French captured the post in June 1686, and renamed it Fort Saint Jacques. Recaptured by the British in 1693. Captured again by the French in September 1697. It was finally returned to the British in 1713. A fur trade depot was also located just offshore on Charlton Island, Nunavut (see also). It too was captured by the French during their tenure. In 1991 archaeologists found the sites of the two forts. The first was at the site of the modern tourist lodge (Kanio Kashee Lodge) at 7 Rue J.S.C. Watt, and the second at the present Anglican church. See also Initial European Contact from Waskaganish First Nation

In the winter of 1610 - 1611 explorer Henry Hudson and his marooned crew had a house built here (exact location undetermined).

Fort Rupert (2)
(1777 - 1941), Waskaganish
Also known as Rupert House, a Hudson's Bay Co. post. This was possibly at the relocated site of the earlier Fort Rupert (1). HBC records begin in 1777. See also The Fur Trade from Waskaganish First Nation

The North West Company built the competing Rupert River Post nearby in 1803.

Nemiscau Post
(1794 - 1809, 1908 - 1970), near Nemaska
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records cover 1929 - 1941) on Lake Nemiscau. The Cree settlement was relocated in 1980.

The French Fort Nemiscaw (1685 - unknown) was earlier located here.

Eastmain Post
(1736 - 1941), Eastmain
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at the mouth of the Eastmain River. Also known as Artiwinipigon Post. See also About Eastmain from Town of Eastmain

Neoskweskau Posts
(1793 - 1820, 1913, 1929 - 1939),
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on the Eastmain River, east of Nemaska. Several buildings still stood until the 1960's. This area was once part of Labrador.

The North West Company built a competing post nearby in 1815.

Factory River Post
(1938 - 1941/1959), Old Factory, near Wemindji
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at the mouth of the Rivière Vieux Comptoir (Old Factory River). One building still exists. The Cree settlement was relocated in 1959 to Paint Hills Bay on the New Factory River, about 30 miles north. The new community, originally named Nouveau-Comptoir, was recently renamed.

Fort George
(1805 - 1941), Chisasibi
A Hudson's Bay Co. post, also known as Big River Post, Great River Post, Shayseppy Post, and Keeshay Post. Located across the river from the present community. The original post was located on Fort George Island at the mouth of the river, then later moved to the north shore. The Cree community was established on the south shore in 1980. Fort George Island is accessible to the public, the village there is occupied in the summer, and several long-abandoned buildings also remain.

Kanaaupskow Post
(1938 - 1941),
A Hudson's Bay Co. post east of Fort George, on the Kanaaupscow River at the Robert Bourassa Reservoir.

Nichikun Post
(1816 - 1822, 1825, 1834 - 1943), Nitchequon
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records cover 1834 - 1941) on Lac Nichicun. This area was once part of Labrador.

Great Whale River House
(1808/1820 - 1941), Poste-de-la-Baleine
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at the mouth of the Great Whale River (Grande Rivière de la Baleine). The HBC left when the American military established an air base here in 1941. The base was transferred to Canada in 1948, now abandoned. The Inuit - Cree Indian community was renamed Kuujjuarapik / Whapmagoostui in 1986. See also About Kuujjuarapik from Town of Kuujjuarapik

The North West Company first had a post here in 1804.

Little Whale River House
(1758, 1795, 1853 - 1890), near Umiujaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at the mouth of the Little Whale River (Pétit Rivière de la Baleine), which was relocated several times. In 1890 the post was consolidated with the Great Whale River House after it was attacked by the local Inuit for food supplies.

The North West Company had a competing post here in 1794.

Fort Richmond
(Tursujuq National Park Project)
(1750 - 1758, unknown - 1927), near Umiujaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. stone fort was located on Cairn Island, along the south shore of Richmond Gulf (aka Lac Guillaume-Delisle). The site (HaGb-11) was excavated in 2007 and 2012. The HBC later re-established the post on the southern shore of the lake (site HaGa-1). The nearby Inuit community was established in 1986. See also About Umiujaq from Town of Umiujaq
See also Nunavik Archaeology Sites

Port Harrison Posts
(1920 - 1958), Inukjuak
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records cover 1920 - 1939) at the mouth of the Innuksuak River (site HBC), near Cape Dufferin. Site excavated in 2004. The HBC also operated a fox farm here from 1928 - 1931. See also About Inukjuak from Town of Inukjuak

The French fur company Révillon Frères also established a store here (1910's ?), closed in 1936. The Baffin Trading Company also operated a post nearby in 1939 at Akiligavivinit (site IcGm-43), about one kilometre west of Inukjuak. Site excavated in 2004.

The RCMP established a post here in 1935.

Povungnituk Bay Post
(1921 - 1952), Puvirnituq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records begin in 1923) at the mouth of the Povungnituk River. See also About Puvirnituq from Town of Puvirnituq

Cape Smith Post
(1922 - 1952), Smith Island, near Akulivik
A Hudson's Bay Co. post. Originally located at Cape Smith on Mosquito Bay, the post was moved to Smith Island (aka Qikirtajuaq) in 1926. The present community on Cape Smith was established in 1976. See also About Akulivik from Town of Akulivik

Cape Wolstenholme Post
(1909 - 1947), Ivujivik
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at the site of the present community. Ruins still remain on site.

The first recorded encounter between Europeans and the Inuit of Nunavik took place in 1610 on nearby Digges Islands during Henry Hudson's last and fatal expedition to the Arctic in search of a polar route leading to Asia. In 1697 Capt. Pierre LeMoyne D'Iberville and his crew, in search of commercial opportunities in Hudson Bay, met the Inuit at Cape Wolstenholme. See also About Ivujivik from Town of Ivujivik

Sugluk Inlet Posts
(1925 - 1949, 1930 - 1951), near Salluit
In 1925 an independent trader opened a trading post on the site of the present community. The Hudson's Bay Company then established its own post on the far shore of Sugluk Inlet (Sugluk East Post). In 1930 the HBC built a combined store and dwelling (Sugluk West Post) at the present-day community, which was established in 1959. See also About Salluit from Town of Salluit

Deception Bay Post
(1926 - 1932), Déception
A Hudson's Bay Co. post east of Salluit.

Stupart Bay Post
(1914 - 1940), near Kangiqsujuaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post. In 1928 the HBC established an experimental fox farm which it operated for 12 years. In 1961 the provincial government renamed the nearby community from Wakeham Bay to Sainte-Anne-de-Maricourt, until with the establishment of a municipality it officially readopted its Inuktitut name. See also About Kangiqsujuaq from Town of Kangiqsujuaq

The French fur company Révillon Frères established a store at Wakeham Bay in 1910, closed in 1936.

In 1884 members of the Canadian Hudson's Bay Expedition, aboard the steamship Neptune, arrived in the area anxious to establish a commercial route to Europe through the Hudson Strait. An ice observation and meteorological station were built at Stupart Bay. Inuit began to trade frequently with observers posted at the station: seal-skin mitts and boots for tobacco and gun powder.

Diana Bay Posts
(1927 - 1949), Iggiajaaq, near Quaqtac
An independent trader built the first trading post here in 1927, a few kilometres southwest of Quaqtaq. It operated for 11 years. At that time the site of present-day Quaqtaq was one of the Tuvaaluk Inuit's winter campsites as it was near the limit of land-fast ice. In 1931 the French fur trading company Révillon Frères opened a store at Iggiajaaq, which was bought out by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1936 (HBC records begin 1937). The HBC post closed in 1941. A Baffin Trading Company post was established in 1939 in the same area, but closed 10 years later at which time the Inuit who normally wintered at Iggiajaaq moved to Quaqtaq. See also About Quaqtac from Town of Quaqtac

Payne Bay Post
(1925 - 1960), Kangirsuk
The French fur company Révillon Frères built a store in 1921 and, four years later, the Hudson's Bay Company followed (HBC records begin in 1929). Both trading posts were managed at times by Inuit. In 1981 the community, also known as Bellin, was incorporated as a municipality and renamed. See also About Kangirsuk from Town of Kangirsuk

U-Y Outpost
(1938 - 1939), near Kangirsuk
A Hudson's Bay Co. post opposite the Payne Bay Post on the south shore.

Leaf River Post
(1907 - 1939), Tasiujaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records begin in 1920) on the south shore of the inlet, just above the northern tree limit. Located east of the present community, which was established in 1971. See also About Tasiujaq from Town of Tasiujaq

The French fur company Révillon Frères also had a store here from 1905 - 1935.

Fort Chimo
(1830 - 1842, 1866 - 1958), Kuujjuaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post, also known as Fort Good Hope (HBC records cover 1830 - 1939), on the east shore of the Koksoak River, about 5 km downstream from the present-day community. See also About Kuujjuaq from Town of Kuujjuaq

Base Crystal One
(1941 - 1945), Kuujjuaq
An American military weather station was established here at Fort Chimo in October 1941. An emergency landing field for the North Atlantic Air Ferry Route was constructed in 1942. The base was transferred to Canada in 1946. Located on the west shore of the Koksoak River. The present community was established in 1948.

Fort Mackenzie
(1916 - 1939), Fort Mackenzie
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records cover 1930 - 1939) on the Swampy Bay River, about seven miles above the Caniapiscau River, south of Fort Chimo (Kuujjuaq), at the end of Lac Le Moyne (aka Lake Canichico).

South River House
(1832 - 1833), near Fort Mackenzie
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on the Caniapiscau River, near Fort Mackenzie.

Kaniapiskau Post
(1836 - 1844), near Brisay
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on the Caniapiscau River, south of Fort Mackenzie. This area was once part of Labrador.

The North West Company had a trade post here earlier in 1810 (Cannyapiscaw Post).

Erlandson's Post (1)
(1835 - unknown), near Kawawachikamach
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on a branch of the Caniapiscau River near the Labrador border. This area was once part of Labrador.

Whale River Post
(1921 - 1939), near Kuujjuaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post at the mouth of the Whale River (Rivière à la Baleine), east of town.

Mainewan Post
(1844 - unknown), near Chakonipau
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on Lake Minowean, along the Rivière à la Baleine (Whale River), a subpost of Fort Nascopie, Labrador. This area was once part of Labrador.

George River Post
(1838 - 1842, 1876 - 1915, 1923 - 1935), Kangiqsualujjuaq
A Hudson's Bay Co. post (HBC records begin in 1889) on the George River, just south of the present community (established in 1962). The town was renamed in 1980. See also About Kangiqsualujjuaq from Town of Kangiqsualujjuaq

Fort Trial
(1841 - 1842), Indian House Lake
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on the George River, at the northeast end of the lake. This area was once part of Labrador.

Erlandson's Post (2)
(1839 - unknown), Indian House Lake
A Hudson's Bay Co. post on the George River, at the southern end of the lake. This area was once part of Labrador.


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