Colonial Narragansett Bay

Fort Anne | Arnold Point Fort | Barker's Hill Fort | Beaver Head Fort | Beaver Tail Fort
Bliss Hill Fort | Brenton's Battery | Brenton's Point Barracks | Brenton's Point Fort | Bristol Ferry Battery (2)
Fort Brown | Fort Butts | Butts Hill Fort | Castle Hill Fort | Fort Chastellux | Coaster's Island Fort
Coddington's Cove Fort | Coddington's Point Fort | Common Fence Point Battery | Conanicut Battery
Fort Conanicut | Fort Denham | Fort Dumpling Rock | Dumpling Rock Battery | Fort Dumplings
Dumplings Tower | Dutch Island Trading Post | Eldred's Battery | Fogland Ferry Fort | Fort George
Green End Fort | Fort Harrison | Honeyman's Hill Fort | Howland's Ferry Battery (1) | Lawton's Valley Fort
Fort Liberty | Fort Louis | Newport Battery | Newport Powder House | North Battery | Owl's Nest Fort | Prospect Hill Fort (1)
Quaker Hill Fort | Rose Island Fort | Tonomy Hill Fort | Towering Hill Fort | Turkey Hill Fort
Fort Washington

Rhode Island Mainland - page 1 | Modern Narragansett Bay - page 3

Last Update: 10/FEBRUARY/2014
Compiled by Pete Payette - 2014 American Forts Network

Howland's Ferry Battery (1)
(1776), Portsmouth
A Patriot seven-gun battery to protect the ferry crossing and the passage up the Sakonnet River. Site located at the remains of the old Stone Bridge, which had later replaced the ferry. A gun battery was also located on the Tiverton side of the river.
(thanks to Wendy Baker for providing info)

Common Fence Point Battery
(1777), Portsmouth
A British battery at Common Fence Point, the northern tip of Aquidneck Island.

Bristol Ferry Battery (2)
(1776), Bristol Ferry, Portsmouth
A Patriot work abandoned when the British took Newport. Site located about 0.3 mile east of the Mt. Hope Bridge on private property. (see also Bristol Ferry Battery (1) on page one)

Arnold Point Fort
(1778), Portsmouth
A Patriot work on the west side of Lehigh Hill built during the August 1778 advance on Newport.

Butts Hill Fort
(1777 - 1778), Portsmouth
Also known as Fort Butts, it was built by the British and later occupied by Patriots. The redoubt still exists on Butts Hill behind the American Legion Post on Sprague Street, along with nearby markers. Scene of the August 1778 Battle of Rhode Island. The British recaptured the fort and the Patriots retreated back to Tiverton. Lack of cooperation from the French fleet was blamed on the American defeat.

Turkey Hill Fort
(1778), Portsmouth
A Patriot fort located on Turkey Hill built during the August 1778 advance on Newport.

Quaker Hill Fort
(1778), Portsmouth
A Patriot fort built during the August 1778 advance on Newport. Located on Quaker Hill along Middle Road, south of Butts Hill and Turkey Hill.

Fogland Ferry Fort
(1776 - 1777), Portsmouth
A British redoubt located near Sandy Point, opposite Fogland Point.


American Revolution Defenses of Greater Newport

NOTE: Newport was occupied by the British from December 1776 to October 1779. The French occupied the city from July 1780 to September 1781 while their fleet was anchored there.
According to a French map there were 39 forts and batteries located in the Newport and Middletown areas in 1780 - 1781.

Lawton's Valley Fort
(1776), Lawtons, Middletown
A British fort on the west side of the island.

Honeyman's Hill Fort
(1778), Middletown
A Patriot fort built during the August 1778 advance on Newport.

Barker's Hill Fort
(1776 or 1778), Middletown
A British redoubt on Barker Hill, near Vaucluse Ave..

Bliss Hill Fort
(1778), Middletown
A Patriot fort built during the advance on the British lines at Green End Fort nearby.

Green End Fort
(1776 - 1779), Middletown
The redoubt still exists, located at the northwest corner of Green End Pond on Miantonomi Ave.. This fort was at the eastern end of the British defensive lines around Newport. It was attacked by Patriots in August 1778.
(info provided by Rolland Everitt)

Owl's Nest Fort
(1778), Gould Island
A British fort built by a Capt. Wallace.

Coddington's Cove Fort
(1778), Newport
A British elliptical fort that still exists, located at Coddington and Maple Aves. near Coddington Cove.

The British also built a heavy gun battery called Coddington's Point Fort nearby.

Tonomy Hill Fort
(1776 - 1780's), Newport
A Patriot redoubt located on Miantonomi Hill. It was later used by the British in their defensive lines. A blockhouse or guard house was later built here in 1794.

Coaster's Island Fort
(1779), Coasters Harbor Island
Patriot works erected after the British left town.

The U.S. Naval War College is now located here on the island, established in 1884. The Naval War College Museum is located in Founders Hall. Public access through Gate 1 at Naval Station Newport.

Rose Island Fort ?
(1778 - 1781), Rose Island
A British battery was on the island in 1778, and in 1780 - 81 the French built a 40-gun fort here after the British left Newport.

Fort Hamilton (see page 3) was built on the island in 1798.

Fort Washington
(1702 - 1794), Goat Island
Originally known as Fort Anne (1702 - 1724) with 12 guns. Renamed Fort George in 1730, with up to 50 guns; Fort Liberty in 1776, with 25 guns; and Fort Washington in 1784, with 28 guns. The British captured the fort in 1776 and held it until 1779, reusing the name Fort George. The French used the fort in 1780 and 1781. The 28-gun fort later became Fort Wolcott in 1794/1798 (see page 3). Now a developed area.

North Battery
(1776), Newport
A semi-circular eight-gun redoubt located north of Fort Greene's (1) future site, opposite Fort Liberty (Wolcott). This Patriot work was never completed before the British took the city.

Towering Hill Fort
(1776 - 1780's, 1799), Newport
Part of the British defensive lines around the city, located one mile east of North Battery. A blockhouse was later built here in 1799.

Newport Battery
(1776), Newport
An unnamed Patriot breastwork was once here at the site of the later-built Fort Greene (1) (see page 3). Located at Battery Park, across from Fort Wolcott, at Washington and Battery Streets. A city park since 1891.

Fort Denham
(1780 - unknown), Newport
Built by the French as Fort Chastellux, covering the batteries at Goat Island. After the war it was renamed Fort Harrison. It was rebuilt and renamed again in 1798. Located on Hallidon Hill, between Berkeley and King Streets, near King Park.

Newport Powder House
(1755 - 1871), Newport
A colonial powder house was once located at Gallows Field. It was replaced by a new municipal powder magazine in 1871 near Easton's Beach.

Castle Hill Fort
(1776), Castle Hill, Newport
This Patriot battery was not completed before the British captured the city. The Castle Hill Lighthouse is nearby, built in 1890.

Brenton's Point Fort ?
(1776 - 1781), Newport
This point was fortified as early as 1641 with four guns, and again in 1683 with two guns, known as Brenton's Battery. Refortified in the 1750's. The British built Brenton Point Barracks in 1776. It was destroyed when they left in 1779. The French rebuilt it in 1780 and used it until 1781. Fort Adams (see page 3) was built here beginning in 1793.

Fort Conanicut
(Fort Wetherill State Park)
(1776 - 1824), Jamestown
Used by three different armies during the American Revolution. It was originally the Patriot eight-gun Dumpling Rock Battery (1776) or Fort Brown; then the British Fort Dumpling Rock (1776 - 1779). The French used the fort after the British left. Named Fort Conanicut from 1779 - 1800. A circular stone tower with casemates mounting eight guns was erected in 1798, named Dumplings Tower. It was also known as Fort Louis (1800) (unofficial), and Fort Dumplings (1800 - 1824). In 1818 it was a ten-gun fort. The fort was later replaced by Fort Wetherill (see page 3). Currently under restoration.

Eldred's One-Gun Battery
(1776), Jamestown
A Patriot work located on the eastern side of Conanicut Island. It was captured by the British.

Conanicut Battery (Historic Park)
(1776 - 1781), Jamestown
Along with Beaver Tail Fort at Beavertail Point, these two Patriot forts were captured by the British in 1776, and used by them until 1779. They were also used by the French in 1780 and 1781. This was also known as Prospect Hill Fort (1) and as Beaver Head Battery. The current remains on Prospect Hill are of British construction, located just south of Fort Getty on Battery Lane. It has been restored as a 22-acre town park. Also located here are several observation towers from World War II.


Dutch Island Trading Post
(1630's), Dutch Island
A Dutch trading post was once located here. The island's name reflects that heritage.


Rhode Island Mainland - page 1 | Modern Narragansett Bay - page 3

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