Southern Utah

Camp Beaver | Post of Beaver Canyon | Post near Beaver City | Fort Berryville | Bluff Fort
Fort Buttermilk | Fort Cameron | Fort Clara | Camp Clarke | Cove Fort | Camp Crossman
Fort Crossman | Fort Deseret | Dewey's Camp | Camp Eastman | Fort Ephraim | Fairview Fort
Camp at Fillmore | Camp Fountain Green | Camp George | Fort Gunnison
Fort Hamilton | Fort Harmony | Johnson's Fort | Fort Kanab | Large Fort | Little Fort
Little Stone Fort | Fort Manti | Fort Meeks | Fort Moab | Fort Montezuma | Fort Moqui
Moroni Fort | Mount Pleasant Fort | Navajo Res. Trading Posts | Fort Nephi
Fort New Harmony | Camp Pace | Camp Paige | Panguitch Fort | Fort Pearce | Fort Pierce
Salt Creek Fort | Fort Santa Clara | Camp Sevier | Fort Sidon | Spring City Fort
Fort Wahweep | Fort Wah-Wiep | Fort Walker | Willden's Fort

Northern Utah - page 1


Last Update: 07/MARCH/2009
Compiled by Phil and Pete Payette - 2009 American Forts Network

Fort Nephi
(1853 - 1860), Nephi *MAP*
A fortified Mormon town, completed in 1854. Also known as Salt Creek Fort, as the settlement was then known at the time. The stone and adobe walls were 12-feet high and surrounded by a moat or ditch. The fort encompassed nine blocks from present-day 200 East to 100 West and from 100 North to 200 South. The original four corners of the fort are marked with concrete obelisks (replaced in 2006). Several of the original buildings still remain in town. A small fragment of the original adobe wall was saved and moved to the Nephi City Park in 1933.

Camp Crossman
(1858), near Nephi
A temporary Federal post located six miles west of town. Also referred to in some sources as Fort Crossman.

Camp Eastman
(1859), near Levan ?
A Federal encampment located on Chicken Creek about 14 miles south of Nephi. Served as a base to observe Ute Indian movements, and to protect the government livestock herds.

Camp Clarke
(1859), San Pete Valley
A temporary Federal post. Exact location undetermined.

Camp Fountain Green
(1866), Fountain Green
A temporary Mormon Militia camp during the Ute Blackhawk War.

Camp Paige
(1859), near Moroni (?)
A temporary Federal post in the San Pete Valley, south (?) of Camp Clarke. Exact location undetermined, reportedly about 15 miles north of Fort Ephraim and 22 miles north of Manti, and about 8 miles southwest of Hamilton.

Moroni Fort
(1865 - unknnown), Moroni
A Mormon settlers' stockaded adobe fort which included a stone observation tower.

Dewey's Camp
(1866), near Fairview
A Mormon Militia encampment.

Fairview Fort
(1866 - unknown), Fairview
A Mormon settlers' rock-walled town fort.

Mount Pleasant Fort
(1859 - unknown), Mount Pleasant
A Mormon settlers' five-acre adobe fort encompassing today's Tithing Yard, with a bastion or watchtower in one corner. A second fortified enclosure directly north was added in 1865 to help protect the livestock.

Spring City Fort
(1853 - 1854), Spring City
A Mormon settlers' log fort. Attacked by Indians in January 1854, the settlers sought refuge at Fort Manti.

Fort Ephraim
(1854 - 1868), Ephraim
A Mormon settlers' one and one-half acre adobe-walled fort. One year later a 17-acre adobe fort was built which completely enclosed the original fort. At that time the inner fort was then called Little Fort and the outer fort called Large Fort.

Camp George
(1866), Ephraim
A Nevada Volunteers encampment.

Fort Manti
(Palisade State Park)
(1854 - unknown), Manti
A Mormon settlers' 50-acre stone and adobe-walled fort that absorbed and replaced the Little Stone Fort that was originally built here in 1852.

Fort Gunnison
(1861 - unknown), Gunnison
A Mormon settlers' adobe-walled fort. A stone bastion was built in 1867, but the replacement stone walls were never completed.

Camp Pace
(1867), Gunnison
A Mormon Militia post at or near Fort Gunnison.

Fort Deseret (State Historic Site)
(1866 - unknown), near Deseret
A Mormon settlers' 550-foot square adobe-walled fort, completed in only 10 days. Some of the adobe walls still stand. Located 1.6 miles west of town. See also || Great Basin National Heritage Area

Fort Buttermilk
(1851 - unknown), Holden
A Mormon settlers' fort. The town was originally named Buttermilk Springs until renamed in 1866.

Camp at Fillmore
(1858), Fillmore
A temporary Federal post to protect the then Territorial capital.

Cove Fort (Historic Site)
(1867 - 1890), Cove Fort
First located here was Charles Willden's Fort in 1860, a simple dugout with three rooms. It was sold to the Mormons in 1866 to provide protection to the builders of the new fortified settlement. The 100-foot square enclosure was built of local black lava rock, with walls 18 feet high and four feet thick, and 12 rooms of the same volcanic rock built against the walls. The fort was used to guard the stage and telegraph lines. The fort was later sold (1903 ?) and used as a tourist camp. Completely restored and dedicated as a historic site in 1992. See also Great Basin National Heritage Area

Camp Sevier
(1859), Sevier
A temporary Federal post.

Fort Cameron
(1872 - 1883), Beaver
A Federal post located on the north side of the Beaver River, two miles east of town. First known as Camp Beaver, Post of Beaver Canyon, and Post near Beaver City, then officially named in 1874. Built of local lava stone in a 700- by 620-foot rectangle. Sold to the Mormons and later became the Murdock Academy (1898 - 1922). Two original buildings still remain and the rest of the site is now used as a racecourse and golf course.

Panguitch Fort
(1865 - 1868), Panguitch
A Mormon settlers' fort.

Joel Johnson's Fort
(1851 - unknown), Enoch
A Mormon settlers' 165-foot square adobe-walled fort, with a two-story bastion in the southeast corner. The town was originally named Johnson Springs until renamed in 1890.

Fort Walker
(1852 - unknown), near Cedar City
A Mormon settlers' fort renamed Fort Hamilton in 1869. Located five miles south of town. The town was named Sidon from 1857 to 1869, and possibly the fort was also known as Fort Sidon during that time.

Fort Harmony (Historic Site)
(1852 - 1853, 1854 - 1862), New Harmony
A Mormon settlers' fort on Ash Creek that was abandoned shortly after being built. It was re-established two years later a few miles further upstream, but a rainstorm flooded out the town in January 1862 and compromised the adobe walls and houses. The settlers then established the new fortified town at the head of Ash Creek, about four miles northwest, known as Fort New Harmony (1863 - unknown). The site of the old fort was transferred to the county in 2006, where excavations and restoration efforts are underway.

Fort Pearce (Historic Site)
(1866 - 1873), near St. George
A Mormon Militia stone fort built during the Ute Black Hawk War, but was never completed. Often misspelled as Pierce. The site, consisting of a lone stone building, is located 12 miles south of town, maintained by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management.

Fort Santa Clara
(1855 - 1862), Santa Clara
A Mormon settlers' 100-foot square adobe or stone fort. Also referred to as Fort Clara in some sources. Destroyed by a washout flood in January 1862.

Fort Berryville
(1864 - 1866), Glendale
A Mormon settlers' fort composed of several log cabins built into a square enclosure. The town was originally known as Berryville until renamed in 1871.

Fort Kanab
(1865 - 1870), Kanab
A Mormon settlers' 112-foot square fort with about a dozen or so log cabins arranged on three sides closed off by a log stockade on the fourth side, and also enclosing a stone building. It was briefly abandoned after 1866. It was partially destroyed in an accidental kerosene explosion in December 1870. Site located on the northwest side of town.

Fort Meeks
(1869 - 1870), near Old Paria
A Mormon settler's stone house (1865) was once here on Paria Creek, about four miles below town, located about 35 miles northeast of Kanab. The Mormon Militia later built a stone fort next to it to protect the area from Ute Indians. The town's name was originally spelled Pahreah.

Fort Wah-Wiep
(1869 - 1870), near Big Water
A Mormon Militia stone fort was once located north of Lee's Ferry, Arizona. Also spelled Wahweep.

Bluff Fort (Historic Site)
(The Hole in the Rock Foundation)
(1880 - 1883), Bluff
A Mormon settlers' fort, comprised of 40-50 small one-room log cabins erected in a square formation for defense. The original settlement lasted for a few decades before it was replaced by more permanent structures. The original period Barton Cabin was restored in October 2008. Several other cabins are replicas.

Fort Montezuma
(1879 - 1884 ?), Montezuma Creek
A stone fort erected by Mormon settlers. Destroyed by a flood in 1884. A Navajo trading post was built here later.

Navajo Reservation Trading Posts
(unknown dates), various locations
Piute Farms (near San Juan River NW of Gouldings),
Navajo Mountain (on state line SE of Rainbow Bridge Nat. Mon.),
Oljato (on state line east of Gouldings),
Goulding (at Gouldings),
Montezuma Creek (at Montezuma Creek),
Hatch (NE of Montezuma Creek).

Fort Moqui
(Glen Canyon National Recreation Area)
(1100's), near Hite
A 12th-century Anasazi stone ruin located along the eastern bank of the Colorado River, about 12-15 miles south of town, west of the old townsite of White Canyon. Submerged under Lake Powell since 1963, the ruins were uncovered by a severe drought in March 2005.

About 40-50 miles to the south, below Warm Springs Canyon, is Defiance House, a 13th-century Anasazi stone structure.

Fort Moab
(1851 - 1855), Moab
A Mormon settlers' stone fort. Abandoned after repeated Indian attacks during September 1855. The area wasn't resettled for another 20 years.

Northern Utah - page 1

QUESTIONS ? Please send any corrections and/or additions to this list to:
"Updates" at