Southern Florida

Fort T.B. Adams | Fort Ais | Anna Maria Radar Station | Camp Armistead | Fort Armistead
Camp Armstrong | Fort Atzroth | Fort Ays | Fort Bankhead | Fort Basinger
Boca Grande Island Res. | (Fort) Braden Castle | Branch's Fort | Fort Brickell
Calos Blockhouse | Fort Capron (2) | Fort Casey | Cayo Costa Res. | Camp Center | Fort Center
Fort Chockonikla | Fort Crawford | Fort Cross (2) | Fort Dallas | Camp Daniels | Fort Daniels
Fort Denaud | Camp Deposit | Camp Depot No. 1 | Camp Depot No. 2 | Fort Deynaud
Camp Doane | Fort Doane | Fort Drum (1) | Fort Simon Drum (2) | Fort Dulaney | Fort Dunn
Tower Dutton | Everglades Post | Fisher Island Res. | Fort Floyd | Fort Foster (2)
Tower Fraser | Fort at Garden Key | Gasparilla Island Res. | Fort Green | J. Green's Fort
Fort Hamer | Fort Harney (2) | Fort Harrel | Fort Harrell | Fort Hartsuff | Fort Harvie
Fort Henry | Fort Hooke | Camp Hospitika | Fort Howell | Camp Hunter | Indian Key Post
Fort Jefferson | Jensen Beach Radar Station | Fort Josephine | Fort Jupiter | Fort Keais
Fort Kemble | Key Biscayne Post (1) | Key Biscayne Res. (2) | Key Largo Post
Key Largo Radar Station | Key West Barracks | Key West Post | Fort Kissimmee
Fort Lauderdale | Fort Lauderdale Res. | Fort Lloyd | Fort McRae (1) | Fort McRee (1)
Camp Malco | Fort Manatee | Manatee River Post | Tower Mansfield | Martello Towers
Camp Miami | Miami Beach Radar Station | Camp Moulder | Camp Murphy | Fort Myakka
Fort Myers | Fort No. One (S) | Fort No. Two (S) | Fort Ogden | Palm Beach Res.
Palm City Depot | Fort Paulding | Fort Pierce | Fort Poinsett | Port Everglades Battery
Tower Reynolds | Camp Rogers (1) | Camp Romano | Fort Rough and Ready | Fort Russell (1)
Russell's Landing Post | Salt Ponds Res. | Camp Sampson | Fort San Antonio de Padua
Fort Santa Lucía de Canaveral | Fort Shackleford | Camp Simmons | Fort Simmons (1)
Camp Smead | Soldier Key Res. | Fort Starke | Tavernier Key Post | Fort Zachary Taylor (3)
Fort Tegesta | Fort Tequesta | Fort Thompson | Camp Twiggs | Fort Van Buren
Fort Van Swearingen | Fort Vinton | Virginia Key Res. | Camp Walbach | Fort Westcott
Camp Whipple | Fort Winder

Northeast Coast - page 1 | St. Johns River - page 2
Eastern Florida - page 3 | Middle Florida - page 4
Central Florida - page 5 | Western Florida - page 7
Pensacola Bay - page 8

FLORIDA'S COASTAL MARITIME TRAIL - FORTS
FLORIDA'S PHOTOGRAPHIC ARCHIVES
OLD FLORIDA MAPS
COASTAL FORTIFICATIONS PHOTO ARCHIVES

SPANISH FLORIDA 1513-1763

Last Update: 30/NOVEMBER/2014
Compiled by Pete Payette - ©2014 American Forts Network

Fort Jefferson
(Dry Tortugas National Park)
(1846 - 1917 ?), Garden Key FORT WIKI ¤National Archives MAP¤
A huge 16-acre hexagon-shaped fort located 68 miles west of Key West. Original name was Fort at Garden Key until 1850. Held by the Union through the entire Civil War. Mostly used as a Federal prison. Designed to carry almost 450 guns, it was never fully armed. Only Fort Monroe in Virginia is larger, but only in terms of area. Construction was finally halted in 1876. It was regarrisoned for the Spanish-American War and WWI, but newer guns were never installed. A fire gutted the barracks in 1912. Used as a Navy Coaling Station beginning in 1904. The fortress suffered damage from Hurricane Charlie in 2004. Info from Fort Jefferson.com || Photos from Shannontech.com


¤ HARBOR DEFENSES of KEY WEST
Harbor Defense of Key West - FORT WIKI
Missiles Of Key West by Richard Whitt
Air Defense of South Florida 1962 - 1979 by Charles Carter

¤ Fort Zachary Taylor (3) (State Historic Site)
(Truman Annex - Key West Naval Air Station)
(1845 - 1947/1974), Key West *PHOTO*
Still under construction in 1861. It originally had three tiers of casemates with two tower bastions on each flank, and was then located on a shoal about 1000 feet offshore from the mainland. Barracks built inside the fort in 1861 were occupied only during the Civil War. Held by the Union through the entire Civil War. The fortress was modified in 1899 by cutting down the top two tiers to allow for the increased field-of-fire for the new Endicott batteries Battery Osceola (1900 - 1944) and Battery Adair (1901 - 1920) that were built within the fortress. Battery Adair was partially destroyed in the 1980's, which uncovered several Civil War vintage cannon that were buried when the battery was built. Exterior batteries were built in 1873 - 1876 on the mainland behind the fort, known as the Lower Battery (aka South Battery) (14 or 17 guns) at Lighthouse Point, and the Upper Battery (aka North Battery) (eight or 12 guns) located midway between the South Battery and the old Marine Hospital. Hurricanes in 1873 and 1875 slowed work progress. The South Battery was later destroyed to built Batteries Covington and DeLeon. A portion of the original retaining wall still exists. The North Battery was also later destroyed for the newer batteries.

Other batteries outside the old fort were Battery Seminole (1904 - 1918) uncovered, converted to HDCP/HECP (1942 - 1943), Battery DeLeon (1904 - 1941) destroyed in 1962, Battery Covington (1904 - 1917) destroyed in 1962, Battery DeKalb (1906 - 1917) destroyed in the 1950's, Battery 231 (1940's), Battery Gardiner (1898 - 1913) destroyed in 1962, Battery Ford (1906 - 1946) destroyed in 1964, Battery Dilworth (1901 - 1920) destroyed in 1944, Anti Motor Torpedo Boat Battery 5 (1943 - 1946) one gun was on Battery Adair, and a four-gun 155mm battery (1919 - 1944), two Panama mounts on Battery Covington and two Panama mounts on Battery DeLeon were each built in 1940. Two of the 155mm guns (Covington) were relocated to the West Martello Tower in 1942 (see below). The other two 155mm guns (DeLeon) were relocated to Miami Beach also in 1942 (see below). Two new 155mm guns were then emplaced on the PM's at DeLeon in 1943. Anti-aircraft artillery was also emplaced in the area. Two additional WWII fire-control towers were once located on Stock Island and on Fleming Key. The Army reservation around the old fort was transferred to the Navy in 1947, becoming part of the adjacent Key West Naval Base. A NIKE missile battery and radar site were located here in the 1950's - 1960's. The Naval Base closed in 1974, and the Fort Taylor reservation then became the Harry S. Truman Annex - Key West Naval Air Station, which is still partly under Navy control today. Most of the original fortress interior is not open to the public due to its poor condition. Many of the original cannons were unearthed during excavations in 1968, buried during the 1899 Endicott battery construction. The fort became landlocked in 1965 after dredging and infilling projects by the Navy. Admission fee.
Another website from Florida Keys.com || Library of Congress link

¤ Key West Barracks
(1831 - 1947/1974), Key West FORT WIKI
Located at North Beach overlooking Garrison Bight. A temporary camp was built in 1831, and temporary quarters were built in 1836. Known as Post of Key West until 1845 when it became the cantonment area for Fort Taylor, located about 1.5 miles to the southwest via Truman Avenue (Division Street). Permanent quarters were built in 1844, consisting of six Officers' quarters, and two barracks and a guard house. Originally an Infantry post until the Civil War. Between 1892 and 1906 additional quarters and barracks were built. The two old 1844 barracks were torn down in 1909. Turned over to the Navy in 1947, became part of the Key West Naval Base (established in 1823). The Naval Base was closed in 1974, with portions of the former base then becoming annexes of the Key West Naval Air Station located on Boca Chica Key. No original Army buildings now survive, the site of the former Army barracks is now part of the Navy's Peary Court housing complex.

¤ West and East Martello Towers
(East Martello Tower Museum)
(1862 - 1946), Key West
Four brick gun towers were planned to defend the landward approach to Fort Taylor, but these two were the only ones built. Two others were planned for Stock Island and Fleming Key. Tower Dutton was the proposed name (1862) for the East Tower, and Tower Fraser was the proposed name (1862) for the West Tower. The plans were enlarged to include a semi-circular ring of casemates around each tower. The East Tower was abandoned in 1873, the West Tower was abandoned in 1866. Proposed names in 1874 were Tower Mansfield (East) and Tower Reynolds (West), but no new work was undertaken. The East Tower is near the airport, and the West Tower is about halfway between the East Tower and Fort Taylor. Inside the West Tower was built Battery Inman (1906 - 1946), and nearby was Anti Motor Torpedo Boat Battery 6 (1943 - 1946). The East Tower was used as an observation station in WWII. A short-lived two-gun 155mm battery (1942) in revetments (no Panama mounts) (guns from Fort Taylor) was located by the West Tower, and another four-gun 155mm battery (1942 - 1944) on Panama mounts was located by the East Tower (two guns from Fort Adams, RI swapped-in in 1943). The West Tower, mostly in ruin, is now the Joe Allen Garden Center, located at the end of White Street at 1100 Atlantic Blvd., adjacent to Higgs Beach. The East Tower, since 1951, is now an art/history museum (admission fee), located at 3501 South Roosevelt Blvd..

¤ Salt Ponds Military Reservation
(1940's), Key West
Located near the airport, east of the East Martello Tower. Located here was Battery 232 (1944 - 1946).


Camp Sampson
(1898), Key West
The assembly camp of the U.S. Marines who were on their way to Cuba. Located about two miles from the Navy docks, at "La Brisa", likely near La Brisa Villa west of the airport.

Key Largo Radar Station
(1942 - 1945), Key Largo
A WWII anti-aircraft spotting station and an SCR-270 early warning radar was located here. Exact location undetermined.

Fort Tequesta
(1567 - 1570), Miami
A Spanish 20-man blockhouse and Jesuit mission at the mouth of the Miami River that was later burned by the Tequesta Indians. Also spelled Tegesta.

The Spanish Jesuit Mission de Santa María de Loreto (1743 - 1751 ?) was located here much later, but was withdrawn for economic reasons.

Camp Miami
(1898), Miami
A Spanish-American War assembly camp built by Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railroad. Located in the northern part of present-day downtown, bounded by Biscayne Blvd. to NW 2nd Ave., and NE 2nd Street to the FEC rail station (today's Miami News-Freedom Tower). Royal Palm Park was the parade ground. The Royal Palm Hotel was used as Officers' quarters. A rifle range was located on the hill just west of the northern end of Coconut Grove. The camp lasted only six weeks due to the summer heat, and was relocated to Jacksonville.

Fort Brickell
(1898 - 1899), Miami
A Spanish-American War temporary two-gun battery, with an earth-covered magazine and a 100-foot semi-circular earthen parapet, located about one and one-half miles south of Brickell Point, about 500 feet east of the historic marker on Brickell Ave.. The name appears to be an unofficial local name.

Virginia Key Military Reservation
(1897 - 1910's ?), Virginia Key
A proposed gun battery location.

Key Biscayne Military Reservation (2)
(Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park)
(1847 - 1884, 1897 - 1916), Key Biscayne
A proposed gun battery location at Cape Florida. The Cape Florida Lighthouse (originally built 1825, rebuilt 1845 and 1855) was knocked out of commission by Confederate sympathizers in 1861. It was not relit until 1867. (see also Key Biscayne Post (1) listed below)

Soldier Key Military Reservation
(Biscayne National Park)
(1847 ? - 1870), Soldier Key
A proposed gun battery location. Located five miles due south of Key Biscayne's Cape Florida.


¤¤ TEMPORARY HARBOR DEFENSES of MIAMI

¤¤ Fisher Island Military Reservation
(1942 - 1944), Miami Beach
A four-gun 155mm battery in revetments (no Panama mounts) was located on Fisher Island protecting the Government Cut Inlet. Two of the guns came from Fort Taylor. SIx 75mm field guns were briefly here before the 155mm guns were emplaced.

Fisher Island, an artificial island created in 1905, was once home to William K. Vanderbilt II, now a private resort community since the 1980's. Now fully developed, access is only by private boat or helicopter, and usually only by invitation.


Miami Beach Radar Station
(1942 - 1945), Miami Beach
A WWII anti-aircraft spotting station and an SCR-270 early warning radar was located here. Exact location undetermined (possibly on Fisher Island ?).

Fort Lauderdale
(1838, 1839 - 1842, 1856 - 1857), Fort Lauderdale
A stockaded two-story square blockhouse was originally established near the forks of the New River between present-day SW 8th and 9th Aves. near 4th Place. Abandoned and then burned by the Seminoles. Re-established in 1839 on a new site east at the Tarpon Bend. It was later abandoned. The third fort was located further east at the old inlet (Fort Lauderdale Beach) near the present-day Bahia Mar Yacht Center. A U.S. Life Saving Station was built at the site of the third fort in 1876. Settlers didn't come to the area until the 1890's. See also Coastal History from Vone Research.org


¤¤¤ TEMPORARY HARBOR DEFENSES of FORT LAUDERDALE

¤¤¤ Fort Lauderdale Military Reservation
(1942 - 1944), Fort Lauderdale
Originally here for one month were six 75mm field guns. Soon replaced by a four-gun 155mm battery in revetments (no Panama mounts), located by the Coast Guard base near the southern end of Fort Lauderdale Beach. Protected the Port Everglades Navy Section Base and nearby oil tank farms. An SCR-547 radar was also set up. Mobile 90mm guns replaced the 155mm guns briefly before the defense was abandoned. The Coast Guard Base was first established here in 1915, replacing the earlier Life Saving Station (see above).

¤¤¤ Port Everglades Battery
(1941 - 1944), Fort Lauderdale
Located on the main wharf at the Port Everglades Navy Section Base. The Navy emplaced two naval guns (one 4-inch and one 5-inch) on open pedestal mounts, mainly for training purposes, but also to cover the ship channel coming in from the ocean.


¤ TEMPORARY HARBOR DEFENSES of PALM BEACH

¤ Palm Beach Military Reservation
(1942), Palm Beach
A short-lived four-gun 155mm battery location was planned here. No Panama mounts were ever built. Location undetermined, possibly on Peanut Island near the old Coast Guard station. A single searchlight was briefly emplaced here before withdrawn.

Peanut Island (County Park), an artificial island created in 1918, was later the site of President John F. Kennedy's underground emergency shelter in 1962, which still exists and can be visited through the Palm Beach Maritime Museum, located at the old Coast Guard Station (1936 - 1995) on the south side of the island. Admission fee.


Camp Murphy
(Jonathan Dickinson State Park)
(1942 - 1944), Hobe Sound
An Army Signal Corps radar school and training area. More than 1000 buildings quickly sprang up from the scrub and more than 6000 personnel were here at the camp, which had its own power plants, sewer system, church and theater. Very few locals had any real information about what was going on, only that a secret Army base had been constructed. Land had been quickly and summarily purchased or condemned and taken from landowners. After only two years of operation, in November 1944, Camp Murphy was deactivated and the whole operation was shut down. The area became a state park in 1950.

Fort Santa Lucía de Canaveral
(1568), Jensen Beach
A Spanish blockhouse. The local Indians killed so many soldiers that they mutinied and abandoned the post, fleeing to St. Augustine.

Jensen Beach Radar Station
(1942 - 1945), Jensen Beach
A WWII anti-aircraft spotting station and an SCR-270 early warning radar was located here. Exact location undetermined.

Fort Pierce
(1838, 1839 - 1842), Fort Pierce
A log blockhouse located four miles south of the old Indian River Inlet, now closed. Site (Old Fort Park) is located on Indian River Drive. History and artifacts on display at the St. Lucie County Regional History Center at 414 Seaway Drive. Admission fee.

Of interest in town is the National Navy UDT-SEAL Museum at 3300 North A1A.

Fort Ays
(1567), Oslo
A Spanish blockhouse once located one mile east of town. Also spelled Ais. After several Indian attacks, the Spanish moved further south to St. Lucie Inlet.

Fort Chokonikla
(Paynes Creek State Historic Site)
(1849 - 1850), near Bowling Green
A pioneer frontier village / trading post with a stockade fort. This was the first of several built in a chain from the Manatee River to the Indian River. Located east of town on the Peace River. A separate blockhouse was once located at the confluence of Payne Creek and the Peace River, southeast of the stockade fort. No remains of actual fort.

Fort Ogden
(1841), Fort Ogden
Built on the site of an earlier Seminole Indian stronghold. It was used an advance post for the "Big Cypress Campaign" during the Second Seminole War. It was later abandoned.
(info by David Paterno)

Fort San Antonio de Padua
(Mound Key Archaeological Site)
(1567 - 1568), Mound Key, near Fort Myers Beach
A Spanish blockhouse and Jesuit mission at the Calusa Indian village Calos, that was abandoned after being starved out by the Indians. It was later burned. Also referred to as the Calos Blockhouse. Jesuit missionaries returned in 1569, but left for good in 1570.

An unnamed Franciscan mission was briefly established here in 1697, but failed the same year.

Fort Myers
(1850 - 1858, 1863 - 1865), Fort Myers FORT WIKI
A large stockade with four barracks, eight Officers' quarters, administration building, hospital, laundry, blacksmith, bakehouse, sutler, storehouses, and wharf. It covered about eight blocks of today's city. The City of Fort Myers Historical Museum, at 2300 Peck Street, has a scale model of the fort. The post was used as a Union camp during the Civil War, attacked by a small Confederate force in 1865 before it was abandoned. The town was settled in 1866, incorporated in 1885. History of the City of Fort Myers

Fort Harvie was first located here 1841 - 1842, replacing Fort Dulaney. It was burned by Seminoles after it was abandoned. Camp Daniels (aka Fort Daniels) (1855), was located 200 yards from Fort Myers. Camp Walbach (1856) was also nearby. Lasted only six days.

Cayo Costa Military Reservation
(1882 - 1900's ?), Cayo Costa
A proposed gun battery location at Boca Grande Pass. Also known as Boca Grande Island Military Reservation.

Gasparilla Island Military Reservation
(1882 - 1900's ?), Port Boca Grande
A proposed gun battery location.

Manatee River Post or ?
(1860's), near Bradenton
A Civil War battery and/or observation post was located on an Indian mound at the mouth of the Manatee River. Site located near DeSoto National Memorial, possibly the same site as Fort Starke (1840) (see below).

Anna Maria Radar Station
(1942 - 1945), Anna Maria Island
A WWII anti-aircraft spotting station and an SCR-270 early warning radar was located here. Exact location undetermined.


Seminole Wars Forts
(includes those forts and posts not already listed above)
Tour of Florida Territory During the Seminole Wars by Chris Kimball

Monroe County:
Indian Key Post (1856, 1869), Indian Key. A temporary post. This was the seat of Dade County from 1836 to 1844. Indian Key Historic State Park preserves the ruins of the old town, which was destroyed by Seminoles in August 1840. Access by private boat only.
Fort Paulding (1840), Tea Table Key. A small base established by the U.S. Navy. Sailors and Marines were sent to nearby Indian Key in August 1840 to repell a band of Seminoles that had just looted and burned the settlement there.
Tavernier Key Post (1840's), Tavernier Key. A small base established by the U.S. Navy.
Key Largo Post (1857), Key Largo. A temporary post.
Camp Malco (1857), near the Pavillion Keys, near the head of the Malco River (location ?).
Camp Moulder (1857), Pavillion Keys. Lasted only two weeks.
Camp Romano (1857), Pavillion Keys, near Camp Moulder.
Fort Poinsett (1838, 1839 - 1843, 1856 - unknown), Cape Sable (East Cape).
Fort Cross (2) (1857), Cape Sable (Middle Cape) at Palm Point, four miles northwest of Fort Poinsett.
Fort Westcott (unknown dates), Everglades, near Trail City (?).
Camp Hunter (1840), Everglades, east of Fort Westcott, southwest of Fort Henry.
Fort Hooke (unknown dates), unknown location.

Dade County:
Everglades Post (1857), a temporary camp somewhere in the Everglades.
Fort Henry (unknown dates), located on an unnamed island (hammock) in the Everglades, north of Long Pine Key, northwest of Homestead, possibly within the Shark Valley Slough.
Key Biscayne Post (1) (1838, 1839, 1841 - 1842), Key Biscayne, at Cape Florida. Known as Fort Bankhead (2) from April to May 1838. Known as Fort Russell (1) from February to September 1839. Re-occupied by the Army in 1841 to August 1842. The U.S. Navy occupied the post from August 1842 - 1844. The Cape Florida Lighthouse was attacked and burned by Seminoles in July 1836. It was rebuilt in 1845.
Camp Center (1838 ? or 1839 ?), Key Biscayne, at Lewis' Settlement (location ?). A temporary depot that was later moved to Miami (Fort Dallas). (This may be the same as Fort Bankhead (2))
Fort Dallas (1836 - 1838, 1839 - 1850, 1855 - 1858/1870), Miami. Originally established by the U.S. Navy, at the mouth of the Miami River (north-side). The Army took over in February to March 1838, moving the post to the opposite side (south) of the river. It may have been known by the Army as Fort Bankhead (1) at this time. Re-established by the Army in February to June 1839. Re-garrisoned in October 1839 to February 1842. Transferred back to the Navy from February 1842 to October 1849. The Army regained control from October 1849 to December 1850. In January 1855 the post was moved back to the north bank of the river at Richard Fitzpatrick's plantation, with newly built stone barracks. Abandoned in June 1858. The Army continued to lease the land until July 1870. A hurricane in 1874 destroyed all remaining wooden buildings. The last remaining stone barracks building was moved upriver to Lummus Park in 1925, located at 404 3rd Street NW. The original site, now "Fort Dallas Park", is near present-day 2nd Avenue SE and 4th Street SE, near the Royal Palm Hotel.
Fort Kemble (1839), Miami. Built by the U.S. Marines as a temporary post to protect wood-cutting parties on the Miami River, before Fort Dallas was rebuilt by the Army in October 1839.
(NOTE: The U.S. Army alternated between the occupation of Key Biscayne and Miami between 1838 and 1842.)

Collier County:
Fort Howell (1835), ten miles east of Everglades City, near Monroe Station.
Fort Harrel (1837), near the head of the New (Acotofia) River, southwest of Monroe Station, east of Chockoloskee, within the Big Cypress National Preserve. Also spelled Harrell. The exact site was last known in 1917, and may have been re-discovered in JUne 2014.
Camp Rogers (1) (1856 - 1857), near Deep Lake on the western edge of Big Cypress Swamp.
Fort Foster (2) (1837 - 1838), an oval stockade located near Rattlesnake Hammock, nine miles west of Naples.
Camp Deposit (1841), Big Cypress Swamp.
Camp Depot #1 (1841, 1856), Big Cypress Swamp near Fort Keais.
Camp Depot #2 (1857), Big Cypress Swamp.
Fort Keais (1838 - 1857, intermittant), about ten miles south of Immokalee near the Camp Keais Strand. (various spellings in sources) (pronounced "KEYS")
Fort Simon Drum (2) (1855 - 1856), between Immokalee and Lake Trafford. A stockaded depot.
Fort Doane (1841 - 1842), two miles west of Lake Trafford. Possibly also known as Camp Doane.

Lee County:
Camp Hospitika (1841), on the Caloosahatchee River upriver from Fort Harvie (Fort Myers).
Fort Casey (1850), on the east-central side of Cayo Costa Island at Charlotte Harbor.
Fort Harney (2) (1839), Cape Coral, at Harney Point (Cape Coral Bridge). A government-built trading post for the Seminoles. Unofficially named Fort Van Buren by Col. William Harney. The unfinished post was attacked and burned by Seminoles in July 1839. It was not rebuilt.
Fort Dulaney (1837 - 1838, 1841, 1856 - 1858), Punta Rassa. Completely rebuilt in 1841, but a hurricane in October that year destroyed it before it was completed.

Hendry County:
Fort T. B. Adams (1838 - 1839), north bank of the Caloosahatchee River, opposite Fort Denaud.
Fort Denaud (1837 - 1838, 1840 - 1842, 1855, 1857, 1858), Denaud, two miles from the Caloosahatchee River. Also spelled Deynaud. Relocated in 1857 to a new site on the north side of the river about two miles downstream. State marker on FL 78-A at the Caloosahatchee River bridge.
Fort Simmons (1) (1841 - 1842), south bank of the Caloosahatchee River at Fort Simmons Creek below Denaud. Also known as Camp Simmons.
Fort Shackleford (1855), Big Cypress Swamp, about 20 miles south-southwest from the southern shore of Lake Okeechobee. Burned by Seminoles (December 1855) after it was abandoned.

Glades County:
Fort Thompson (1854 - 1855), south bank of the Caloosahatchee River near the mouth of Lake Flirt, near Goodno. Used as a cattle ranch in the Civil War to supply the state's Confederate forces.
Fort Center (1838 ?, 1842, 1854, 1856 - 1857), south of Lakeport on the south bank of Fisheating (Thiathlopopkahatchee) Creek, at or near the prehistoric "Fort Center" Indian temple mound complex (1000 BC - 1700 AD).

Palm Beach County:
Fort Jupiter (1838 - 1842, 1855, 1857/1880), Jupiter, originally located on the south side of the Jupiter River at Jones Creek, about three miles inland from Jupiter Inlet. Originally a settlers' fort (?), then a Seminole Indian detention camp by the Army. The post was relocated in 1855 one-half mile southeast to the south side of the Loxahatchee River at Pennock Point. Reserved in 1855, the Army did not relinquish the site until 1880. The inlet was at that time several hundred yards south of its present position. The Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse was built on the north side of the Loxahatchee River beginning in 1855, but suspended until 1858 due to Indian hostilities. See also History of Jupiter Inlet from Jupiter Inlet District || History of the Town of Jupiter

Martin County:
Fort McRae (1) (1838, 1857), on the eastern shore of Lake Okeechobee about five miles north of Port Mayaca, near Bessemer. A stockaded depot. Sometimes misspelled McRee (1).
Fort Van Swearingen (1838 ?), six miles northeast of Lake Okeechobee on Van Swearingen Creek (north of Marcy), 11 miles southeast of Fort Lloyd, 14 miles northwest of Indiantown.
Palm City Depot (1838 - 1843 ?), Palm City. Site now on All American Blvd.. The St. Lucie Canal has obliterated all traces of the original site.
Fort Dunn (unknown dates), on the "Military Road" at Fort Dunn Creek (location ?), near the Indian River (possibly in St. Lucie County ?).

St. Lucie County:
Russell's Landing Post (1849 - 1850), near Fort Pierce.
Fort Capron (2) (1850 - 1858), St. Lucie, at the old Indian River Inlet.
Fort Number One (S) (1839 - 1842 ?), located 11 miles west of the old Indian River Inlet, on the trail to Fort Vinton (Fort No. Two (S)).

Indian River County:
Fort Vinton (1839 - 1842, 1850), east of Blue Cypress Lake, south of Fellsmere, about 20 miles northwest of Fort Pierce (the fort). Originally known as Fort Number Two (S). Renamed in 1850 as a subpost of Fort Capron (2).
NOTE: these two numbered forts above were not part of the EAST/MIDDLE numbering system used in 1839.

Okeechobee County:
Fort Drum (1) (1849 - 1850, 1856 - 1861), Fort Drum. On the east side of Fort Drum Creek, two miles south of town. Used by FL state militia prior to the Civil War.
Fort Floyd (1838). near Lake Okeechobee. (probably a misspelling of Fort Lloyd)
Fort Lloyd (1838), north-northeast of Lake Okeechobee, east of Country Hill Estates, on the military road between Fort Basinger and Fort Pierce.
History of Okeechobee County in the Seminole Wars by Kyle S. VanLandingham, courtesy of William LaMartin.

Highlands County:
Fort Basinger (1837 - 1850 ?), Fort Basinger. A log stockade with two blockhouses in opposite corners. Originally a temporary post and supply depot, later garrisoned full-time. (some info by David Paterno)
Fort Kissimmee (1850, 1852, 1857, 1858), Fort Kissimmee. Located on the Kissimmee River within the present-day Avon Park Bombing Range (USAF) (1942). The Army Air Corps built a bridge at the fort site in WWII. Public access on hiking trails only with permit. See also Out in the Boonies.com || See also The Florida Trail
Fort Josephine (1857), between Avon Park and Sebring (near Lakemont ?). Or possibly near Kuhlman, on or near either Lake Josephine or Josephine Creek.

Charlotte County:
Camp Whipple (1857), on the Peace River. Surrounded by defensive earthworks.

DeSoto County:
Fort Winder (1852), on the Peace River two miles from Fort Ogden. Site is now De Soto Peace River Heights.

Hardee County:
Fort Hartsuff (1856), Wauchula.
Fort Green (1855 - 1856), Fort Green. A settlers' (James Green's) fort sometimes used by the U.S. Army.

Sarasota County:
Fort Armistead (1840 - 1841), Sarasota. Lasted only seven months. 600 men were posted here, but over 100 died of tropical diseases. The garrison was then transferred to Sea Horse Key to the north. Site located at Indian Beach at Coconut Ave. and 5th Street, east of the present-day Municipal Auditorium.

Manatee County:
Fort Myakka (1849 - 1850), near Myakka Head on the Myakka River.
Fort Crawford (1849 - 1850), located on the south side of the Manatee River, south of the FL 64 bridge, between Fort Crawford Creek and Little Fort Crawford Creek, about 12 miles east of Manatee Village.
Fort Rough and Ready (1856), Rye, on the south side of the Manatee River.
Fort Hamer (1849 - 1850, 1856/1876), Fort Hamer, four miles east of Bradenton on the south side of the Manatee River, opposite the present-day public boat ramp. Consisted of a 100-by-60-foot warehouse, an 80-by-30-foot hospital, several log houses and a hay barn. After the post was abandoned, the Army did not relinquish the reservation until 1876. A Presbyterian Church conference center now on site. Marker located near 1st tee of the Waterlefe Golf Club at the west-end of Upper Manatee River Road. A multi-lane highway bridge has been proposed for several years for this vicinity.
Camp Armistead (1840's), may have been located on an island in the Braden River, on the trail from Fort Armistead (Sarasota) to Fort Brooke (1) (Tampa). Possibly existed only on paper.
Fort Starke (1840 - 1841), near Bradenton. Built on ancient Indian mounds at the mouth of the Manatee River near De Soto National Memorial.
Fort Atzroth (1856), Bradenton. A sarcastic reference to Joseph Atzroth's house at the mouth of the Manatee River.
Fort Manatee (1841), on the south side of Manatee Inlet near Grant's Pass.
(Fort) Braden Castle (1850's), Bradenton. Dr. Joseph Braden's fortified tabby mansion at the Manatee and Braden Rivers. Built beginning in 1845, it served as a settler refuge during the Third Seminole War. Destroyed by fire in 1903. Ruins remain of the house and an adjacent sugar mill, located at the Braden Castle Park community.
Camp Armstrong (1856 - 1857), near Manatee Village. Renamed Camp Smead in 1856.
Dr. Franklin Branch's Fort (1849), Bradenton. A settlers' fort once located at the foot of present-day East 13th Street.


NEED MORE INFO: Camp Twiggs (1850) undetermined location (St. Lucie or Indian River or Okeechobee Counties ?).

Northeast Coast - page 1 | St. Johns River - page 2 | Eastern Florida - page 3
Middle Florida - page 4 | Central Florida - page 5 | Western Florida - page 7
Pensacola Bay - page 8

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